Account of eviction of Bonus Army from DC on July 28
is ouce Are o Oust Group am oover Takes Hani Ramshackle Houses at Anacostia Camp Are Destroyed by Fire; Former Soldiers Given Orders to Leave Washington; White House Carefully Guarded Against Demonstration WASHINGTON, July 29. (U.R) bonus expeditionary army by sabers and burning ramshackle Shortly after midnight a check by the United Press revealed one veteran had been shot to wounded and 60 persons were and injuries as a result of the Called out by Secretary of afternoon when President Hoover advised him district commissioners were unable to maintain order, cavalry, infantry men and tanks moved into an area on lower Pennsylvania avenue where rioting had occurred when treasury agents and police sought to evict the war Streets were roped off and a ered. The infantry hurled gas scurried to cover. The cavalry, and down the streets and side-? walks, forchlfir veterans and ' spectators alike to keep on the move, several persons were struck down. One man had an ear sliced off. Billets Burned Gen. Douglas MacArthur, chief of staff of the army, directed the ma neuvers of the armed forces, which were under the actual command of Brig. Gen. Perry Miles. The cavalry and infantry moved from the first camp, where the veteran had been shot to death earlier In an encounter with police, to other camps, evicting the veterans and burning their biUets. The giant Anacostia camp, where more than 5,000 of the ragged and weary bonus marchers had gathered, was the last to go up in flames. Commander W. W. Waters had rushed up with a heavy bodyguard prior to the arrival of the troops and ordered a lieutenant to surrender without op position. At 10:30 p. m. Eawara jr. aiwui, commander of the Anacostia camp, went out to meet the approaching troops. He waved a white flag in the glare of the searchlights and was received by the troops' commanders. He returned and said the bonus march ers had been given anotner nours respite. In a speech to the hundreds who thronged about the headquarters platform AtwlU advised the veterans to depart peacefully. "It s no use," he said. "Were bumping our heads against a stone wall. We ll disband here and organize again in Johnstown, Pa, where well be welcomed." He ordered his men to evacuate the camp. At 10:45 p. m. the evacuation was on. It was a pitiful sight. Men towed push carts behind rickety automobiles which ran out or gaa. iney waiicea the rutted roads carrying such belongings aa they had. They were weary, muttering, murmuring, hungry and angry. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, chief of staff of the army, left the Anacostia camp at 10 :40 p. m. He said the camp appeared to have been evacuated and there seemed to be no need of using further force. Troops to Remain It was Indicated the troops would remain In the vicinity throughout the night. The first half dozen shacks fired at the approach of the troops burned to the ground. No further fires were started. While the troops were moving on Camp Anacostia. President Hoover remained at the White House in the company of his friend. Henry M. Robinson of California, and Assistant Attorney General Seth W. Richardson. Large numbers of police were stationed in Lafayette park opposite the White House but late in the evening the gates were open and a few casual pedestrians strolled through the grounds as they are customarily allowed to do. The confusion at the camp was intense. Women and children were con- SfVILL m ROGERS T 1 unaoie Military forces routed the hurling tear gas bombs, using camps to the ground. death, two others seriously in hospitals suffering from gas day of violence. War Patrick Hurley yesterday veterans. huge crowd of spectators garn bombs into the mass. Hundreds with drawn sabers, rode up centrated not far from their huts. Men passed through the camp shout- Ins the names of their wives, fcome of the women were hysterical, others calm. 1 The roads were Jammed with people leaving and with a smaller number going back to camp to recover possessions, i Word was passed that 11:15 p. m. was to be the "zero hour" at which time AtwlU's evacuation order must be obeyed. - Hurley Calls Secretary of War Hurley called at the White House while the troops were at Anacostia. He said he planned to go to hU office In the war depart ment after consulting with President! Hoover. At 10:50 p.-m. five fires could be seen burning In various parts of the camp. At 10:55 p. m. a great plume of smoke shot up from within the camp. A large fire was In the center of the camp. Men constantly were leaving in groups. One party carried two tat tered American flags. "Well be back." they shouted as they passed the troops. Others cursed the president. At 11 :05 p. m. the camp was virtu ally deserted by veterans. Thirty separate fires were burning. A huge cloud of smoke and bursts of flame rose high, casting a bright gleam over the sprawling camp. Many of the fires were set by the veterans, one of whom said, "We might as well get that much fun out of it. The troops appaiently were en countering no difficulties. The cav alry still was drawn up In columns of four about 100 yards inside the camp. It did not seem their services would be necessary. Some Depart Singing Hundreds of the ragged and weary men still plodded up the small, dirty road singing, "Pack Up Your Troubles," "Tlpperary" end other famous songs of the World war. Others cursed. Some re-entered the camp and went slowly to their huts to obtain bedding, stoves, sugar Jars and tiny boats the chUdren had sailed in the nearby river. " At 11:15 p. m. it was said at the White House that the president had retired for the night after having received reports that the evacuation of the Anacostia camp was virtually complete. At 11:25 p. m. fires were burning in all parte of the camp. Troops closed the Anacostia bridge and permitted none to cross it in the direction of Washington. When per sons persisted, gaa was used. Evacu ating veterans, however, were moved over the Pennsylvania bridge into the city, about a mile from the capitol grounds. By 11:30 p. m. troops were on the move again. Cavalry closed In from one side, Infantry from the other, to make sure that everyone was out of the camp. They seemed to find only a few stragglera. Brlg. Gen. Pelham D. Glassford, superintendent of police, moved among the bonus men etill stringing away from the camp. . Many of them cheered him, feeling he was their friend. "So long, boys, he shouted in response, and waved his hand.