Clipped From Escanaba Morning Press

davo887 Member Photo

Clipped by davo887

 - Sunday Morning, Nov. 5, 1911. £^/&\AKING tÆc...
Sunday Morning, Nov. 5, 1911. £^/&\AKING tÆc OLDER NATIONS Young Turk« Halt Zionism—Decree That Attempt* to Secure Holy Land by Jew* Muit Be Thwarted—Jew* Undismayed—Glimpse of Pale»tine. By WILLIAM T. ELLIS. Jerusalem.—Of all the nationalistic •tirrlngs within the breaats of men today, the most romantic Is the longing of devout Jews to get back for themselves the land of Abraham and David. AH Christendom is Interested In this project. Some schools of Christian theology stake vast prophetic Issues upon 1L Statesmen of Europe are Interested In It as one solution of the question of what to do with the Jew, who has been made unwelcome In all their lands. Whatever be the reason for the well-nigh universal sympathy with the Zionlstic aspiration. the news has doubtless been received with regret that the Young Turks have formally and officially announced that the immigration of Jews into Palestine must cease, Moreover, it is intimated that those already here must go. That la the latest development in Zionism: but it must be remembered that Zionism la part and parcel of all high politics, and the end is not yet. It is not at all impossible that the r«a*on for this recent adverse pronouncement Is nothing lesa than the failure of the French loan to Turkey. Let nobody think that the Sflonlsts are merely a company of pioua Jewish expatriates, sighing for the land of their fathers They are the bankers of Europe and the men who often say the deciding word in affairs of nations I have reason to believe that Zionism haa been an important fartor In the recent hidden politics of the Turkish Empire. Some of the leaders of the Committee of Union and Progress are Jews, and Salonika, the headquarters of the Young Turk party, is the home of an influential body of Jewa who, several generations ago. embraced the Moslem faith, although they are commonly regarded as being better Jews than Moslems. In most unexpected places the Zionist cause has allies, and one trained observer of events at Constantinople said to me, •'You will never get hold of the true Inwardness of this Turkish situation until you unravel the relation of Zion Ism to it" Zionism and Abdul Hamid. For the present, the Jews have lost Whatever their influence with the Young Turk leaders, they have, on the whole, preferred the regime of Abdul Hamid. A member of the central Zionist committee told me in Berlin that Zionists would rather have the old order than the new. His was the first downright defence of the deposed monarch I had ever heard. The rea- aons given were, first, that the Turks have ever been kindlier to the Jews than have the Christians; and. secondly, that Abdul Hamid permitted the Jews to aettle In Palestine, and to acquire Isn'i Legally, no Jew Is permitted to live In Palestine longer than three months. Upon entering the country he is obliged to surrender his passport, and receive a temporary red passport. As for acquiring property, that also la and long has been Interdicted Hut one well-informed Jewish leader at Jaffa merely shrugged his shoulders when 1 brought up this subject, and aaid, "We have a golden key that can unlock any door in Turkey Practically. we have found no difference be tween the old days and the new. In either cane we have to get what we »ant by 'backaheesh.**’ Theoretically, there are no Jews In Turkey; practically, there are more than a hundred thousand In the Promised I .and. In the paat flve years the number has Increased fifty per cent. When the constitutional party came into power, with Its avoaals of com nlete religious and racial liberty, the hearts of devout Jems and their friends everywhere leaped with exultation; this meant the advent of the long expected day *hen the Children of Israel should be free once more to aettle in the land of their fathers Zionism's heralded day had dawned. Now these hopes have once more been dashed As of yore, every Jew who enters Palestine must do so by bribery and stealth. Those without passports must buy them; and common report haa it that there used to be a lively traffic in American passports in this country That has been almost. If not altogether, broken up by the vigilance of the consuls, and the requirement that every American citizen aecuring a red passport shall deposit the original one at the con aulate. Each nation must look after its own nationals in Turkey, and, un fortunately, there la no one nation to atand back of the Jews, as France standa back of the Homan Catholics. Russia back of the Greek church, and America and Great Britain back of the Protestant a Will Jews Be Driven Out? In apite of the late vigoroua pronouncement from Constantinople there ia little likelihood that the Jews now in Paleatine will be driven out Tbeir consuls will protect them in their property rlgbta. However these rights may ha»e been obtained, their preaent legality cannot be questioned It will be strange to all who know Turkey, and the common methods of bringing tblugs to pas* here, if the number of Jewtah colonials does not steadily Increase. As one said to me. rather cynically, "There Is as much bribery as ever In Turkey, only the prices come higher.” This I hasten to explain, at least in part, on the ground that the Young Turks are obliged to work with the tools that they find ready to their bands. The natural increase of the Jewish population of Palestine must be comparatively small, as so large a percentage of the colonists are old people who have come here to end their days. These are the more religious element, and they are largely Spanish and Russian and German Jews. The number of old persons to be scon in Jerusalem Is a sight full of Hgnlflcance and pathos. Jewish “Portions" and Paupers. That religious zeal is a prime factor In the Jou&Izing of Palestine is evident at a glance. T!:e men wear a distinctive garb, of which the round felt hat. worn in the hottest weather, with a white cap underneath, Is the most characteristic feature. This la also worn by the boys. Even more striking is the curl in front of the ear, which la In compliance with a rabbinical teaching against trimming the hair. It must be confessed that this gives a decidedly other-worldly appearance to the male Jews, especially since they generally affect the long cloak or gaberdine. Most of these persons depend upon aid from outside of Palestine for their maintenance. It Is a very small allowance, and so most of them live In very meager style. The statement has been repeatedly made to me In the Holy Land that Zionism has pauperized the Jews. Certainly their physiognomy does not reveal the traits of alertness and aggressiveness which characterize the American Jew. If It be true, as commonly stated, that every Jew here receives his “portion,” from abroad, the effect haa been manifestly deleterious. Able to subsist on a pittance, the Incentive to Independent labor Is removed, with the result the stones of the old wall of the temple. * Successful Jewish Colonies. Both the Zionist movement and the ! Jewish Colonization Society have es- ! tabllshed colonies In various parts of Palestine. Their contention that some- ! what of the ancient fertility and prosperity of the land may be restored la doubtless correct. Better government, and better agricultural methods will revolutionize conditions here, as elsewhere throughout Turkey. But thus far there has been no conspicuous success attending the purely agricultural colonies. The Jew has been too long away from the soil for that. In the best of the farm settlements, near Jaffa, the colonists make use of Arab labor. Their own aptitude is for trade. At Zamarlne, In Galilee, one of the old Jewish settlements, which has been In existence for more than twenty years, the people, mostly Rouman­ ians, are on a basis of self-support, except for some slight assistance for the school. Their Industry Is wine­ making They have quite an European community In the midst of Syria. The order and cleanliness Is in sharp contrast with the conditions In T1 berlas. religious, whereas one old Hebrew told me that the Zamarlne colonists , have no religion. Surely, though, there wan nothing less than a rellg- i lotia motive back of the words of the village druggist as he told me that j the people made a modest living; "not so good as we could make In America, but then, we are In the Promised I Land, you know.” There are now about two-score of Jewish colonies In Palestine, not to ( mention those in adjacent lands. The most successful of all is In the Island of Cyprus. The leaders are giving more and more attention to the crea- de to in Ho..,w:ttVu«;rr. ¿Wir ì ;h# of of ; ! I ; In tlon of self supporting bodies, In an ; effort to restrict the hurtful effects of Indiscriminate charity. These leaders are too powerful to have all that they St. Stephens Gate, Jerusalem. that nowhere In Palestine, outside of exclusively Jewish colonies, are the leading business men Jews. There is xncro successful buslnes* **nt»»rprises among Hebrews of any one of a hundred streets In New York than in all of Palestine. One reason for the bitter complaints of the Syrians at the presence of the Jews is that the latter are not dependent upon their labors for a livelihood, and are also able to extat on a very low scale, and so are able greatly to undersell the natives in their little shops. Ghettoes In Jerusalfm. The crowding of the colonists Into ghettoes ouUide of Jerusalem Is an interesting example of the force of habit. There is no need here for over- rowded quarters; each family could have Its own vine and flg tree by extending the Jewish quarter a little further outside the city. Generations of congested living In the ghettoes of Europe, together with the necessity for crowding close together for mutual protection, are hard to escape. So the Holy Land today contains a state of affairs such as It never before witnessed in ita long history. Nor are the Jewish quarters of the cities of Palestine such as would Incline one to optimism concerning a Jewish state. Tiberias, for example. Is predominantly Jewish, yet It is one of the dirtiest and least attractive towns In all the land. Thia la not a racial fact, but rather an illustration of the statement that It is the eccles last it ally earnest, and the aged and the sorely stricken, who have fled to the haven of the Promised l^and. In Galilee 1 heard the lament that th* most ambitious of the youug men are leaving Palestine to go to Amer lea, that other Promised l^and of all the world. The younger generation, I WHS also told, have not the intereat of their fathers in religion. The most representative Jew I have met here, from the American standpoint, was a traveler from New York City. At Jaffa he ran across an old woman who was having trouble with her transportation. He took her In hand, with gentle insistence, saw her aboard her boat, chang. d her third-class ticket for a flrst, and had her put In a cabin alongside his own. In all respects caring for her as tenderly as a wealthy son could do Yet she was of a different laud, race and religion from himself. 1 prefer to regard him as typical of the future of his race, rather than the 111-fed, strangely-clad sealota uhom one may see any Friday have gained thus far sacrificed to Turkish politics. The Jew Is in Palestine to stay, even though the present re- a suits of Zionism have not fully justl- fled all hopes. (Copyright. 1*11, by Jr»a«ph TI. Bowies.) Pseudonyms of Women Writers. The preference of many women writers for a male pseudonym Is doubtless a survival of the old superstition that to engage In the task of authorship was unwomanly.” The Bronte sisters set the fashion In ap- pearlng as ( urrer, Acton and Ellis j Bell respectively. Thetr example was followed by George Eliot. But George Is a name to which the distressed lady novelist flies ss to a city of refuge. We have had George Egerton, George Fleming, George Paston and a host of others. Then, too, there have been John Oliver Hobbes. Ralp Iron, Frank Hamel and Frank Dauby. On the other hand Mr. Oliver Madox llueffer shares with the late William Sharp the distinction of a feminine disguise, for he whh known to the novel reading public uutll quite recently as Jane Wardle. The Bright Side. “But we must always look on the bright side." ssld Mayor Grice of Fort Wayne, dlacusalng a party Betback. "W’e must all take a lesson from Hiram Husk. "HI Husk, you know, visited Long Island laat week, and had hla pocket picked at a side show. “ ‘I should think,” his wife anesred, on his return home, ‘that you’d have a purty poor opinion of Coney arter bein’ robbed of your purse like that!* “’Yes, that's right,' ssld Husk; ‘but I come out better n some folks did. Why, Marla, the old banker’s wsrd In the piece beautiful Thais, had all her Jools swiped, and the banker's wife throwed vltrol In his face durln' the same act I had my wallet stolen.'“ afternoon at the walling place,” by 1 get a more expensive one—Life An Intimate Acquaintance. Mabel I am sure he must have loved her very dearly. Maude—1 should say so. He married her In spite of the fact that he had been out In th. rain with her all one afternoon, was seasick with her, and saw her unexiMMicdly at home the morning after a dance.—Puck. Selling the Opportunity. Crsbshaw -If you ini-ist on this new gown I'll have to g»*t it on credit. Mrs. Crabshaw—-As long aa It's going to be charged, de:ir, 1 may as w«il

Clipped from
  1. Escanaba Morning Press,
  2. 05 Nov 1911, Sun,
  3. Page 7

davo887 Member Photo
  • Clipped by davo887 – 02 Mar 2013

Want to comment on this Clipping? Sign up for a free account, or sign in