Clipped From Arizona Daily Star
mm mm 104th YEAR FINAL VOL 139 NO. 140 TUCSON, ARIZONA, MONDAY, MAY 19, 1980 20 CENTS 32 PAGES Srypt b te yft (9) (G) stminin The whereabouts whereabouts of Harry Truman, 84, who refused to leave his Spirit Lake lodge after eruptions eruptions began in March, is unknown. unknown. But, if all went according to his plans, he's sitting sitting in a mine shaft with two kegs of whiskey, waiting for the rumblings to stop. Page3A. A man who saw Mount St. Helens erupt from about three miles away says part of the mountain "just moved sideways, and the whole thing went up." Page 3A. Gritty volcanic volcanic ash spreads from Mount St. . Helens, wreaking havoc on lungs and automobile air filters and turning day to night in eastern Washington. Washington. "If we had to evacuate . . . we'd die," says one resident resident of Morton, Wash. Page 3A. " x . h rf& as ,4 iff , fSf & & o fil fid IWffifl. Snk. , rsjfe" In its most violent display yet, Mount St. Helens sends a plume of volcanic ash and smoke nine miles high 'Crip9 courses, TV eroding basic student skills By JASON EBERHART-PHILLIPS EBERHART-PHILLIPS EBERHART-PHILLIPS The Arizona Daily Star (Second of a series) It makes teachers sad. They have seen it worsen year after year, and because of it, they have little hope for what many students will make of themselves in the future. The problem is a widely perceived decline decline in basic English and mathematics skills among high school students here and across the country. "Most kids are floundering with materials materials on their own reading level," said Mitchell Mitchell Dorson, a Cholla High School government government and history teacher. "There isn't an appreciation for the lan- lan- OUR HIGH SCHOOLS: IS EDUCATION SECONDARY? guage," he said. "I don't know if my students students have read a serious book from cover to cover since they came into high school." Dorson's comments are seconded by teachers throughout the city. Students often lack imagination in writing writing assignments, said Helen Grove, an English English teacher at Pueblo High School. Ninth-graders Ninth-graders Ninth-graders are commonly ignorant of multiplication tables, said Jeffrey Lovin, a math teacher at Catalina High School. Students want to be told what to think, "accepting everything I say without question," question," said James Dick, a social-studies social-studies social-studies teacher at Palo Verde High School. "There is a definite lack of interest in the area of mathematics," said Richard Brown, a math teacher at Palo Verde for 17 years. "The quality is dropping." Bearing out the decline with statistics is not easy. Achievement tests in high schools have not been required in Arizona, though this year the Legislature ordered annual testing of all the state's schoolchildren. schoolchildren. Changes in the lOth-grade lOth-grade lOth-grade English exam the sole standardized test the Tucson Unified School District gives high school students make comparisons with the past impossible. The content was drastically drastically changed a year ago, and the time of year it is given was changed a few years before that. The only yardsticks are standardized college-entrance college-entrance college-entrance exams, which are given only to those wanting to take them primarily primarily high school juniors and seniors. Scores on the tests are widely used by college admission officers to predict the students' academic success in their first year of higher education. Scores across the country on the Scholastic Scholastic Aptitude Test and the American College College Test steadily went down for more than a decade, with ACT results rebounding slightly in the last three years. The national trends have been mirrored in Arizona, where the ACT is more commonly commonly used. The four parts of the ACT, each graded on a scale ranging from 1 to 36, cover skills in English, math, social studies and natural science. Among the 14,000 to 15,000 Arizona high school students who took the ACT each year, average scores fell from a composite of 20.0 in 1969-70 1969-70 1969-70 to 18.4 in 1975-76. 1975-76. 1975-76. The figures were just above the national figures figures of 19.9 and 18.3 for the same years. By 1978-79 1978-79 1978-79 the Arizona scores had climbed to (See STUDENTS, Page 4A) 2,000 flee ravages of mud, water By BRUCE BARTLEY The Associated Press VANCOUVER, Wash. Mount St. Helens blew its top yesterday with a blast felt 200 miles away, belching ash and hot gas that blotted out the sun for more than 450 miles and killing at least eight people. Mudflows and floods destroyed bridges and forced the evacuation of about 2,000 people. At least three persons were missing, and scenic Spirit Lake at the base of the mountain disappeared under rock and mudflows. Late yesterday, a mile-wide mile-wide mile-wide wall of mud was seen gushing down the north fork of the Toutle River, snapping concrete and steel bridges like toothpicks and sweeping cars and houses in its wake. The eruption at 8:39 a.m. PDT shot smoke and ash nine miles into the sky, and a spectacular lightning storm in the rising plume started numerous forest fires. By evening the fires covered 3,000 acres on the mountain. There were no immediate reports reports of lava. In Walla Walla, 160 miles to the east, drifting ash made the sky so dark that automatic street lights went on, and by evening more than a foot of ash had accumulated accumulated at Camp Baker, 15 miles west of the volcano. Ash was also reported falling in western Montana, and police there said roads were closed due to near-zero near-zero near-zero visibility visibility west and south of Missoula, about 500 miles downwind from the volcano. Ash there was a half-inch half-inch half-inch deep on the ground. The eruption was visible here, more than 50 miles to the southwest of St. Helens, and the explosion was felt in Vancouver, Vancouver, B.C., more than 200 miles to the north of the mountain. By last evening, the once snow-covered snow-covered snow-covered 9,677-foot 9,677-foot 9,677-foot peak was reduced to about 9,100 feet, said U.S. Geological Survey spokesman spokesman Worner Gerhard. Its crater was one-half one-half one-half mile across. Reporter Donna DuBeth of The Daily News in Longview flew over the mudflow heading down the Toutle River and said it was moving at 50 mph, carrying cars, trees, logging trucks and houses. A helicopter pilot on a rescue mission watched three persons in a pickup truck (See ST. HELENS', Page 3A) Good Morning Top of the News Weather 90-pluS, 90-pluS, 90-pluS, but nice. Today will be beautiful, with an afternoon high well above 90 and tonight's low nearing 60. Yesterday's Yesterday's high and low were 91 and 59. Much of the nation was wet yesterday, with heavy rains causing flash floods in parts of Texas. Showers of varying intensity intensity fell from the Mississippi Valley across the southern Great Lakes to New England and the mid-Atlantic mid-Atlantic mid-Atlantic coast, reaching into the southern section of the nation as well. Yesterday's national temperature extremes extremes were 30 at Casper, Wyo., and 102 at Palm Springs, Calif., and Presidio, Texas. Details on Page 4A. News Transit for disabled studied. The Tucson City Council will hold a public hearing tonight on three proposals for equipping Sun Tran buses with wheelchair lifts, although there is doubt whether any buses will ever be equipped with the lifts. Page2A. Bible-toter Bible-toter Bible-toter robs church, a man carrying a gun and a Bible robs Catalina United Methodist Church of a Sunday-morning Sunday-morning Sunday-morning collection worth more than 2,500. Page (A. 'i - ymmy&( vK European sanctions against Iran limited NAPLES, Italy (AP) The nine European European Common Market nations yesterday imposed trade sanctions against Iran, but limited them to business deals signed after the Iranian seizure of American hostages Nov.4. The action fell short of a European Economic Economic Community pledge April 22 to enact full sanctions unless there was major progress by last Saturday toward freeing the 53 hostages in Iran. Dutch officials estimated that the sanctions sanctions will block 8 percent of the volume of present business between the Common Market and Iran. The EEC exported an estimated $2.8 billion worth of goods to Iran in the first 11 months of 1979. Oil imports from Iran, accounting for about 5 percent of the EEC total, would be halted The hostages in Iran will be released in three stages after Iran's Parliament OKs a comprehensive solution to the U.S.-lranian U.S.-lranian U.S.-lranian crisis, sources in Paris say. Page 5B. under a previous "gentlemen's agreement," agreement," EEC sources said. Japan will implement sanctions similar to those agreed on by the Europeans, Japanese Japanese Foreign Minister Saburo Okita said in Tokyo. The form of the Japanese sanctions would be decided later, said a Japanese foreign ministry spokesman. President Carter, asked in Washington (See EUROPEANS, Page 9A) Pima County Jail booking Guardsman covers firefighters battling one of many riot-related riot-related riot-related fires in Miami AfSOIl SUSp6Ct 63tS IliS pllOtO 14 die as Miami rioting boils on By LIZ PR1CHARD The Arizona Daily Star Sports Rookies shine at Indy. Young Tim Richmond leads a tidal wave of rookies rookies into the 64th Indianapolis 500, posting the fastest qualifying speed during the final session of time trials. Page IB. Index Bridge SC Classified S-14B S-14B S-14B Comics 4C Comment 11-UA 11-UA 11-UA Crossword...... 4C DearAbby 2C Entertainnwnl.MC Horoscope 2C Lifes.yle 1-2C 1-2C 1-2C Movies ..." SC Nation 8A Obituaries IB Public records 2A Solomon, M.D. 2C Sports MB Tucson today . . . SC TV-radio TV-radio TV-radio $C World SB By RICK SPRATLING The Associated Press MIAMI Fires, looting and sporadic shooting rocked Miami last night in continued violence sparked by the acquittal of four white ex-policemen ex-policemen ex-policemen in the death of a black man. At least 14 people were killed, 200 injured and 300 arrested on riot-related riot-related riot-related charges since violence began Saturday night, authorities said. At least three people died of gunshot wounds last night. As National Guardsmen patrolled Miami's streets, black smoke rose from more than three dozen buildings, and the casualty toll was mounting despite a curfew. Dade County Sheriff Bobby Jones imposed the 8 p.m.-to-6 p.m.-to-6 p.m.-to-6 p.m.-to-6 p.m.-to-6 a.m. curfew in the most troubled area of Miami, and limited sales of firearms, explosives, gasoline and alcohol. Schools were ordered closed today, and public bus runs were canceled. Shouting a one-word one-word one-word battle cry "McDuf fie" crowds of enraged blacks surged into Miami streets Saturday night and early yesterday after an all-white all-white all-white jury in Tampa found the former Dade County policemen innocent in the death of black businessman Arthur McDuffie. Police said one man was shot, his ear cut off and tongue severed. A red rose was stuffed into his throat. The death toll of 14 was reported by the county medical examiner, Dr. Joseph H. Davis. He said eight of the victims were black and six were white. Some were the victims of racial violence; others were shot by police as alleged looters. A Miami city policeman suffered a fatal heart attack while escorting National Guard troops to a threatened area, police said. But his death was not counted as part of the riot toll. The injured included three policemen who suffered gunshot wounds, apparently minor. Late yesterday, Miami Police Chief Kenneth Harms reported, reported, "Personal violence is down. The looting and fires are up." The curfew was credited with reducing the violence. "There have been some arrests made tonight, most of them (See 14 DIE, Page A) A Tucson man who was being booked into Pima County Jail early yesterday on charges of setting fire to his neighbor's house "grabbed and ate his mug shot," police said. After eating the photograph, Douglas James Petrillo, 22, was also charged with tampering with public records. Later in the day, with assistance from the Arizona Drug Control District, police learned that Petrillo was wanted in Salt Lake County, Utah, on charges of strong-arm strong-arm strong-arm robbery and forgery committed last January. In Utah, he used the name Vincent Vincent Paul Goudy, police said. Capt. Duane Stutz said the 2:49 a.m. blaze was started in the neighbor's car, parked in the carport adjacent to a house in the 7200 block of E. Bellingham Drive. When the fire spread to the house, Petrillo Petrillo notified the Tucson Fire Department and then broke a window in the house to wake the woman resident, Stutz said. Detective Skip Woodward said the blaze was started to impress the young woman living in the house, owned by her father. Petrillo supposedly intended to save the woman's life, Woodward said. Petrillo was arrested at St. Joseph's Hospital, where he was being treated for cuts sustained at the scene. No one else was injured. He is being held on $150,000 bond. Damage to the car and house was $7,000, Stutz said. In a second arson yesterday, $12,000 damage was caused at the home and office of Dr. C.R. Titus, a chiropractor, police said. Capt. Duane Stutz said a flammable liquid had been poured into a broken window window of the residence at 640 N. Columbus Blvd. and ignited. The 5:30 a.m. fire was confined to the living room. No one was at home at the time.