Harvey Baily 1

np806 Member Photo

Clipped by np806

Ig ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH AMERICA'S NO. 1 'BAD MAN JOINEO CHICASOg UNDEPWORLO THROUGH • ACQUAINTANCES MADE IN ARMV FACING TRIAL AS" ACTION'S MOST DANGEROUS CRIMINAL? shackled in such a manner that he PAn hnrrilv VVI/WA h,,t w**«...i« - i he could not get his hands together. By ROBERT TALLEY. It's a far cry fro mthe prosaic life of a farm boy In the quiet hills of northern Missouri to that of "the most dangerous criminal in the na•ion,"-but Harvey Bailey has traveled hat road and now, at 48, the law las closed In on his career of out- awry which has been the most spectacular the Southwest has known since the days of Jesse James, ••• Chained to an iron cot in a cell in Oklahoma City's Jail in this super-desperado, kidnaper, Jail breaker, machine gun killer and bank robber who is the prize catch in the government's new war on He faces trial in federal federU crime. ___ _. court there on Ser.1. 18 fOr" trieTwd- napihg of Charles F. rjrschel, Oklahoma, oil millionaire, for whose release a ransom of $200,000 Is said to have been paid. Uncle Sam, warned by Bailey's recent single-handed escape from a death cell in the Dallas, Tex., Jail, is taking no chances this time: Not only is Bailey handcuffed and can hardly move, but guards armed with machine • guns surround the jail to prevent, any possibility of Bailey's escape or his rescue by members of his band. Looks Belle Viciousness. And what sort of a man is this Bailey—who Is accused as the "brains" of a huge kidnap ring, even suspected in the Lindbergh ,case, who has been identified- as the rlng- Jeader in the biggest, bank robbery on record and as a machine gun killer in the Kansas City Union Station massacre of four officers and who was the leader of the daring break of 11 convicts from the Kansas state penitentiary last : Memorial day? When Harvey Bailey is brought into court at Oklahoma City to'an- swer for the Urschel kidnaping, spectators and Jury will see a man far different from 'the .type that would be implied by his reputation "the most dangerous criminal in the nation"—the description given him by Assistant U. S. Attorney General Joseph B. Keenan, in charge of the federal government's wai- on the underworld. Country Boy—Gone Wrong. Instead of a shifty, scowling bandit they will see a big, powerful 'man with graying hair arid a bland smile. Attired in a tuxedo, he could easily fit Into any social event and make himself perfectly at home in the role; -in golf togs, he would make a good companion for a • foursome for he loves the game and plays it well. Bailey's life story is another epic of the country boy who went to the city -and made good hi a big way- only, in this case, the country boy turned to crime instead of to legitimate pursuits. Back in Sullivan county, Mo.. Bailey's father and mother still till the small farm. on which he was born and where he grew up as a big, good-natured boy who always did well in school and made friends with everybody. He left home at an early age to take a fireman's Job on a railroad. W*r Buddies Swerved Course. The World War came along and Bailey Joined the army and went to the front. That's where he learned, to play the machine gun—and there he met some young recruits from From Plow to Prison With Harvey Bailey— the Lurid Career of Farm Boy Who Turned Became U. S. Outlow and Prize Catch Crime Net in Chicago who were to play a big part in his life later on. With them, he formed some fast friendships. Home from the war Bailey came, no longer .a farmer boy or a young railroad fireman, but a six-foot man weighing more than 200 pounds and well seasoned for whatever the world -had to offer. After a time on the farm, Bailey developed a desire to see some of his war-time buddies. So he bought a one-way ticket for Chicago and at this point his whole career turned. Rum Runner to Gangster. In Chicago, Bailey-found his former army acquaintances engaged in underworld pursuits and through them began his criminal career. He became a liquor runner for a "syndicate," smuggling whisky from Canada by auto, and made money fast. His iinherent traits of leadership soon manifested themselves and he rose rapidly to a position of power among Chicago's gangsters. Though a member of the underworld, Bailey liked to play the part of a gentleman, lish—which he His excellent Eng- seldom drops for underworld slang—stood him In good stead when he donned his golf knickers and appeared at some of the most exclusive courses in the city. He liked to live at good hotels and 'put on all the outer appearances of wealth and refinement. By 1929, Bailey was deep in tne secrets of Chicago's gang leaders and in February of that year came the St. Valentine day massacre in which seven gangsters were lined up against a garage wall and mowed down by a machine gun. Pal of Notorious Burke. A short time after' this crime, Bailey returned to his rural Missouri community with .a man whom tie introduced as "Mr. White." The latter, Belley said, was a real estate man "who wa • seeking a quiet place in the country to recaperate from a nervous breakdown." Bailey went back to Chicago and soon thereafter "Mr. White" was Identified as Fred Burke, notorious killer and alleged operator of the machine gun In the St. Valentine day massacre. Officers were tipped off by an amateur sleuth who ran a fillinig station and had recognized Burke from a picture in a detective the officers surprised magazine. When Burke as he slept in a farm house near Milan, Mo., they found a machine gun and two automatics at his bedside, ready for instant use. Later, Burke was convicted of the murder of a St. Joseph, Mich., policeman and sentenced to life in prison. By this time Bailey had .quit Chicago's gangs, organized an outlaw band of his own end turned bank robber on a big scale. In September, 1930—according to witnesses who have silnce Identified him—he was the ringleader in the $2,000,000 robbery of the Lincoln National Bank of Lincoln, Neb., the largest on record. He was also accused of a string of other bank robberies. In July, 1932, Bailey was surprised by detectives while playing golf on a Kansas City course and arrested. A short time later he was sentenced to 10 to 50 years in the Kansas penitentiary for the $32,000 robbery of the Citizens Bank at Fort Dodge Kan. At that time, he was identified in court as the leader of the $2,000,000 .Lincoln bank robbery. The day before Bailey was sentenced to prison, one of his attorneys, J. Earl Smith, of Tulsa, Ok., was lured to a lonely road by a fake telephone call, beaten and murdered. The crime has never been cleared up. ; Lead Daring Prison Break. On Memorial day, 1933, Bailey led 10 other desperate convlcte in a daring escape from the Kansas penitentiary, kidnaping .the warden and two guards and holding them as hostages until they were released in the Oklahoma hills several days later. With Bailey at liberty again things began to happen. There was a string of bank robberies throughout the southwest, then the machine gun murder of lour officers at Kansas City when desperadoes attempted to effect the release of a captured pal and, finally, the daring kidnaping of TJrschel from his palatial Oklahoma City home. • If Harvey Bailey, the former Missouri farm boy now characterized by federal authorities as the nation's most dangerous criminal, "beats the rap" at his trial for kid- naping in Oklahoma City, he will still iwe before him the threat of death in the.electric chair in Kansas for his part in the Kansas City Union Station massacre of four officers and their prisoner last June Bailey and Albert Bates, alleged lieutenant in his gang of kidnapers and bank -robbers, are to be tried in federal court in Oklahoma City on Sept. 18. They are charged with the kidnaping of Charles F. Urschel, Oklahoma City oil millionaire, for whose release a ransom of $200,000 is said to have been paid. Of all the crimes-charged against Bailey, the Urschel kidnaping and the Kansas City .slaughter stand out as among the most daring. Massacre Shocked Nation. The excitement caused by Bailey's thrilling escape from the Kansas penitentiary last Memorial Dav, when he kidnaped the warden and led >10 other convicts in a successful dash for liberty, had hardly died down when the nation was shocked on June 17 by the machine gun slaughter in Kensas City. And Bailey, according to federal officials, has been identified as one of the two men who operated the gum that poured their deadly rain of lead into the unsuspecting officers. It happened this way: Prank Nash, escaped train robber and alleged member of the Bailey gang, had been captured at Hot Springs, Ark., and was being returned to the federal prison at Leavenworth, Kan. via Kansas City. The officers and their prisoner emerged from Kinsas city's depot and entered an nuto for the drive to Leavenworth. Just as they seated themselves in the car, Nash — either *s a signal to the gang that was waiting to rescue him from the law or to show ttiem that he was handcuffed — raised hi* manacled hands above his head. A Deadly Fusillade Instantly, a roar of machine gun fire burst from a nearby auto containing several men. Four officers and Nash were killed. One of the victims was Raymond J. Caffrey. a special agent for the U. S. Department of Justice, and immediately the federal government stepped Into action. The auto containing the machine gunners dashed away and disappeared, but the government says it has positive proof that Harvey Bailey manned one of the machine (runs and gave the order to start firing. The gang, apparently, was planning to deliver Nash before the officers could get him back to the penitentiary. Ursohel Kidnaping Next After the Kansis city slaughter, Bailey disappeared from the public eye — but not for long. On the night of July 22, Charles F. Urschel, who had married the rich widow of Tom Slick, "king of the wildcatters" in Oklahoma's oil fields, was playing bridge with Mrs. Urschel and a couple of friends on the sun porch of his palatial Oklahoma City home Without warning, two men armed with machine guns entered. The strangers forced Urschel to accompany them. The millionaire was placed on the floor In the back of an auto and, while one of the machine gunners sat oyer him, was driven for hours to a remote farm which, as later events proved, was near Paradise, Tex., 40 miles from Fort Worth. $200.000 Bought Release Locked in a rear room of the farm house and later in a tenant shack on the same farm, Urschel was kept prisoner for nine days. In the meantime, his captors negotiated for his release and a ransom said to have amounted to $200,000 was paid. The : money changed hands in a Kansas , City hotel. Shortly thereafter, Urschel's captors drove him to the outskirts of Norman, Okla., 20 miles from Oklahoma City, and released him in the road. Urschel, who had noted that airplanes had passed over the farm regularly at 9:15 a. m. and 5:46 p. m. each day, communicated this fact to authorities. By checking airplane schedules they ascertained the location • of the Texas farm where he had been held captive. In the dark hours of the early morning ot Aug. 15, nearly 20 officers advanced upon the farm house of R. G. Shannon near Paradise. With their, went •Ursch'Jl himself, armed with a'shotgun. When the Net Closed Asleep on a cot in the farm yard Was a large man, a rifle beside him, a-machine gun leaning against the porch nearby and two heavy automatic pistols within arm's reach. The officers approached cautiously, removed the guns, covered the sleeper with their own weapons and woke him up. . And Harvey Bailey, showing no more resentment than a complaint over his disturbed sleep, roused himself, submitted to the handcuffs and was taken to Fort Worth. "Okay, fellows — I know when I'm licked," was Bailey's smiling comment. Believed "Brains" of Gang While the actual kidnaping is thought to have been committed by Bates and George "Machine Gun" Kelly, who is still at large. Bailey is regarded by government officers as "the brains" of the gang. Bates was later captured hi Denver and returned to Oklahoma City for•-trial Kelly is a son-in-law of Mrs. Shannon, wife of the farm's owner, having married a daughter who was born of Mrs. Shannon's first marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Shannon and their son. Arrnon, also were arrested. Some of the marked ran T som money was found on Bailey. The capture of Bailey was gratifying to the government, because it. apparently had killed two. birds with one stone. Federal agents who had been working day and night to round up the Union Station killers suddenly had thrust upon them the Urschel kidnaping. Now they had Bailey, who was wanted for both Jobs. Daring Dash for Liberty The desperado's next sensational escapade came last Labor Day. From the Dallas, Tex., jail, to which he had been transferred. NOW IS THE TIME

Clipped from
  1. Alton Evening Telegraph,
  2. 16 Sep 1933, Sat,
  3. Page 3

np806 Member Photo
  • Harvey Baily 1

    np806 – 15 Sep 2013

Want to comment on this Clipping? Sign up for a free account, or sign in