June 1921 Dorothy Thompson article
Cable News, Auto and Classified Section PASO HERALD EL PASO TEXAS, JUNE 11-12, 1921.— THE SOUTHWEST’S SUNDAY PAPER. Cable News, Auto and Classified Section COAL . : 1 1 ll mm Hpi A RECOGNITION OF REDSBYFRENCH IS IMPROBABLE Representative Would Discuss Payment Of Russian War Debt To France. COUNTER BILL TO BE GIVEN FRANCE in Seek Settlement For Aid Given Anti-Bolsheviki Agents By Officials. P ARIS, France, June 11.—Recognition by France of the Soviet government or even resumption of commercial relations with Bolshevik Russia has been shoved far into the distant future by a sensational declaration made at Vienna by Dr. M. Bronski, close friend and intimate collaborator of Lenin. Rronskl, who is in Vienna look- inig after the repatriation of Rusminn war prisoners, said that the Moscow government is ready at any time to discuss the Russian war debt to France, the most serious obstacle in the way of recognition. “But we will have an enormous counter-bill to present to France,” he added. “We will ask France to pay the expenses we incurred in fighting against admiral Koltchak, Denekin, Wrangel and all other anti-Bolshevik leaders who were supported by the French government.” Is First Statement. This is the first time such a declaration has come from the lips of any responsible Bolshevik leader. In the past Moscow has disavowed the Russian debt to France on the ground that it was incurred by the government of the Russian people. Ilronski, who said that he spoke for Lenin, would not estimate the total of the hill Russia intends to present. However, he intimated that it would not only be large enoujrh to wipe out entirely France’s claim, but would «rive Moscow a claim for an additional amount against France. French officials regard the proposal as preposterous. There is no likelihood of France entering inot financial conversations with the Bolsheviks on such a basis. U. S. Actress Is Named In London Divorce Charges L ONDON, Eng., June 11.—In the climax of the most sensational stage divorce case in many years London, involving members of Brit ish society, Miss Edith Day, American actress and star in "Irene,” was named as the ‘‘other woman” alleged to have come between Margaret B a n - nerman, the fain o u s Canadian actress, and her husband, Pat Somerset. The announcement astonished all London theater-goers, with whom Edith Day and Margaret Bannerman are favorites. Maid Is Witness. Miss Day’s name was dragged into the case by a maid witness who testified that she was formerly connected with Miss Day’s household in the actress’s home at Torquay. The witness said she was discharged by Miss Day when the latter learned she had been called to London to testify. Miss Bannerman won her decree of divorce, although the charges placed against Somerset were denied but not contested. Somerset’s name in private life is Holme-Sumner, and he is a son of a captain in the royal navy. Surprise was manifested among the London social elite when it was learned that the popular young American actress is a married woman, her husband being an American theatrical producer. Miss Day’s professional and personal success here was little short of phenomenal. Arrest German Countess For Attempt To Murder Her Family B ERLIN, Germany, June 11.—An attempt by a countess to murder her cousins, father and son, by dynamiting the castle where they lived, and thus become heiress to estates worth $15,000.000, was revealed when countess Ella Schlieffen and her two young sons were arrested on the accusation of oount Martin Ernst Schlieffen and his 25-year old heir, count Georg Wilhelm. The Schlieffens are near relatives of the former chief of the German general staff who made plans for the war. They own vast estates in Mecklenburg and large properties near Cassel. The countess and her sons, with a woman companion, hired three assassins to whom they promised $50,000 blood money if they would blow up the castle in Mecklenburg and kill all those who stood in the way of the title according to the charges. One of the countess's sons introduced the assassins into the castle at night in order to plant the dynamite, but at the last moment the plot was betrayed to the intended victims. JAPANESE FEAR PERIL LURKS IN WOOD’S MISSION PONS COMET TO LOSE WEIGHT IN BUMPING EARTH Military Attitude Of Tons Of Gas Will Be America Held Shown Dissipated Into Terres- By Appointment. trial Atmosphere. PRESS INVITATION TO VISIT EMPIRE JUPITER CONTROLS VISITOR'S CONDUCT Claim Advanced That Only Date Of Arrival Uncertain FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE SPANISH ARMY PLAN ROUSES IRE OF PRESS Madrid, Spain, June 31.—The reform of the system of recruiting the Spanish army, which is henceforth in principle is to be formed of the entire youth of the nation, thus doing away with the drawing of lots, is greeted with general enthusiasm. One clause, however, of the bill drafted by viscount Eza has brought forth sharp criticism in the press. This refers to the selection of reserve officers, who are to be chosen from among the troops not according to their ability or skill, but because their parents are able to pay a premium, which will be calculated on their wealth, those possessing most money being called upon to pay more. Thus Can True Situation Be Discerned. Because Of Intricacies Of Calculation. Parisian Will Face Trial For Alleged Murder P ARIS, France. June 11.—Henry Girard, Paris insurance agent, who was known as “Gentleman Girard,” will face trial shortly here, according to reports from official circles. Girard is alleged to be one of the I most ingenious! criminals known! to the Paris police. After three years [ o f investigation by the French! authorities G i - j .... rard is charged j with two mur- | ders, several at-| • »-mM tempted murders tt an(1 forgeries. Henxy Gix*a,rd. Cultures of deadly rJcrobesj and concoctions of poisonous mush-I rooms, it is alleged, were used by Gi- j rard in the murders charged against j him by the Paris police. originated within the limit* of the solar system. “They propound the fascinating theory that comets, such as Pons- Winnecke, come from a distance in space so great that it is impossible to think or speak of it in terms of miles.” Prof. Fowler added that Jupiter, to whose family Pons-Winnecke belongs, may cause a disturbance and so alter the path of the comet that it will reach its nearest point to the earth about June 27, the date on which it is expected. “When the public interest in Hailey’s comet became acute I wrorked out the exact date of the arrival.’’ continued Prof. Fowler, "but I j should be involved in laborious calculations for days on end if I were I to ascertain the day on which Pons j will drop his visiting card in the j shape of a shower of meteorites.” , 7 AMERICANS IN HUGO STINNES IS RED PRISONS BROADENING HOLD FACINGJ)EATH UPON INDUSTRIES El Paso A-Viator Tells Of Pamous War Profiteer, Owner of Teuton Newspapers. Keep* Horrors In Bolshevik Jails; Movements Secret, but Tightens Grip Upon Business of Food Is Unsufficient. I Central Europe; Began Career at Pit Boy in Coal Mines of His Father; Was a Bitter Fighter of Allies. By DOROTHY THOMPSON. VIENNA, Austria, June 11.—Herr Hugo Stinnes, the German coal king, has turned up in central Europe. He has acquired a controling interest in the Alpinen and Montan iron works in Styria, and it is rumored that this is the beginning of an attempt to corner the whole iron industry of this part of the world, and that even this is not the limit of his ambitions, for MERRIAM COOPER ESCAPED ON FOOT By DUKE N. PARRY. T OKIO. Japan, June 11—Gen. Leonard Wood, Cameron Forbes, former governor general of the Philippines, and their mission sent by president Harding were bo cordially received by the 100 percent Americans of Tokio and Yokohama during their one day and one night in Yokohama that there was little time for Japanese reception folk to get their word in. A greeting by Arnold Cady, president of the American Legion post; by Robert F. Moss, president of the American association of Tokios F. L. Kaufman, president of the American association of Yokohama, and a banquet, the largest in the history of American affairs in Yokohama, took up about all the time the general and Mr, Forbes had. They motored across country to Nagasaki, where they sailed for the Philippines. L ONDON, Eng.. June 11.—Pons-WJn- * necke, the short period comet, which is hurtling through space at a speed of many thousand miles an hour towards the earth, will not I have the best of the “bump,” accord- i ing to Prof. A. Fowler, chief lecturer in astronomy at the Imperial Science college, South Kensington. “It is generally accepted,” said the professor, “that we shall come in contact with its tail, if at all. In this event it is possible Pons-Winnecke may become so disintegrated that other self-respecting comets will disown him.” Cyclonic Traveler. One can picture some scientist in a few weeks’ time picking up a small meteor, the mortal remains of this cyclonic traveller in our space. “Alas, i poor Pons, we knew him well!” will! doubtless be the comment of the astronomical world. Prof. Fowler was the first scientist JEWELERS NOT AFRAID OF NEW PEARL MAKERS Paris, France, June 11.—The fash-i ionable jewelers of the Rue de la j Paix are smiling over a report from ; London that a Japanese pearl expert, j had discovered a cultivating process j to produce pearls which could not be | distinguished from genuine Oriental j pearls and which consequently had j the same value. “In the whole history of the world,” i said Jacques Cartier, a prominent ! jewel merchant, ‘‘no one has ever j succeeded in artificially producing , precious stones. Man has never been j able to imitate the processes of nature.” Many U.S. Subjects, One A Woman, Held Without Trial on Flimsy Charges. W ARSAW, Poland, June ll.—(By the Associated Press.) — The plight of seven Americans, one of them a woman, held by the Bol- sheviki in prisons on various charges, is worse today than at any time since they were taken into custody, in the opinion of Capt. Merriam C. Cooper, of El Paso, Texas, w^ho escaped recently from one of the camps near Moscow. Capt. Cooper at the time of his capture was commander of the Koscuiszko air squadron of the Polish army. * Life in a Bolshevik prison camp is a matter of physical endurance, as to the length of time one is able to hold out if compelled to live upon the food furnished by the Soviets, Capt. Cooper said. All of the Americans would have died long ago, Cooper believes, if it hadn’t been for outside aid from timt* to time. Poor Food. Capt. Cooper said he was on the verge of starvation several times, members of a British railway mission, who also were prisoners, coming to his rescue with food in one instance and on other occasions, eatables having been sent him by foreign welfare organizations. The food ration of the average camp follows: Morning-—Imitation coffee, half pound black bread, spoonful sugar, Soon—-Two spoonfuls cooked mush made of cereal resembling bird seed. \lght—Cup of hot soup. A small j amount of potatoes and a piece of meat usually not larger than an egg, were served on an average of about twice a month. The black bread, according to , Cooper, who, as an aviator with the first American army, was captured j by the Germans during the Saint ; Mihiel drive, is far worse than the j he is seeking also to acquire an interest In Influential newspapers In Vienna and Budapest. Nevertheless, he is keeping his movements very quiet: he is represented by discreet agents, and his actions have attracted very little attention. Ever since the first conference between Germany and the allies at Spa, Stinnes has been considered the Mephistopheles of the German situation. It is a role for which nature has fittingly cast him, giving him a bent nose, a fiercely black moustache and sharp, insolent little eyes. He is indeed the personification of insolence. Was Coal Pit Boy. He knows coal and iron from the ground up. When he inherited his father’s estates and mines, at the age of 19. he was work-ng as a pitboy; and, although he was a mere youngster when he became the German coal king. with his ships—the Hugo Stinnes, the Elizabeth Stinnes and the whole Stinnes family—in the far- 1 thest ports of the world, he has, from the beginning, displayed courage and initiative, daring and sagacity. With these characteristic*, combined with hard work, and with ruthless profiteering during the war, he has increased his fortune many-fold. As a politician his rise has been very recent. He purchased a number of newspapers during the war, but his chief gains were made at the last elections, when the Deutsche Volks- partel, of which he is the chief spirit, made great strides. Many people think him the most dangerous politician in Germany; but, as a matter of fact, he is one of the few' realists in the German situation, because he, more than anyone else, realizes that there is no hope in political panaceas; that Germany’s problem is purely and simply an economic one. Bitter Fighter. The alliejs know him as the bitterest fighter in Germany. Nevertheless, Industry was upon France, tried to seek a basis for cooperation. Ore from Spain and Sweden cannot be imported because of the reduction in the German merchant marine. Therefore only one field is left for Stinnes to exploit— the resources of the continent. Rich Ore Found. Now, the continental resource« hi iron are by no means negligible. The Styrian concern, in Austria— which Stinnes now' shares with Castiglione, that Vienna millionaire, son of a Trieste rabbi, who before the war was practically penniless— not only yields extensive coal resources and a huge iron works, but furnishes quantities of raw ore. It Is of a very high quality—40 per cent iron, as compared with the average yield of 32 or 33 per cent in the best Minette ore from Lorraine. Stinnes is also negotiating for an interest in the fields In Slovakia and Hungary.. In Comor and Szepes (Slovakia) and In Borsod (Hungary) there are large areas which are not exploited. The ore here is of an Inferior quality, bnt It compares very favorably with that of the much- coveted Lorraine fields. The factories at Witkowits and Tes- chen. in spite of their proximity to these mines, cannot use th# Slovakian ore, because their furnaces were built for the hlghev grade Swedish product, whfeb they were able to import very cheaply before the war because they were the sole European agents and made their chief profits by buying and selling from Sweden. The ore from these fields used to be sent to Prussian Silesia in the days when the Polish fields were In the hands of the Russians. Now, however, the Silesian factories can obtain raw material from Polish sources. Stinnes’ factories, built for Lorraine ore, can use the product of the Slovakian fields very satisfactorily.