St. Louis newspaper reports on conditions at local poorhouse
PI 1 1 VI f 4 ' j? M ussy. " 1 i i First-Hand Evidence of How Missouri's Indigent Poor Are Fed Like Cattle TIUS picture was taken as a liprht rain fell and the inmates of the Laclede County poorhouse lined up to receive their noonday meal. Three times each day, when a cowbell is rungr, they kave their shanties and trudge to the window of the kitchen in the superintendent's house, where food is handed to them in wash basins. This system is carried out regardless of the weather. The woman in (he picture is receiving the first basin of food, all of the inmates having handed in their basins to be filled. The Star tomorrow will publish a grnphic story of this poor farm. -i 1 , ,4 " 2 -(Tufc: 5 DEAD, 73 HURT, . 332 RESCUED IN -MINE EXPLOSION Blast in Alabama Shaft Caused by Rnnaway Tram Car Break- ing Electric Cable. BIKMIXOHAM. AI..V. Nov. 23.-r 'y 1.. r.) HKhty-five dead, eev- ; nty-threo Injured, -332 rescued. i This to.luy mtjis the result of yes- terday-s e.pIoslon in tlie Dolomite i .Mine .No. 3 of tlv Woodward Iron , Company near Bessemer. Ala. All but twenty-two of the dead were .. troe I he disrister was caused by a( runaway train car which broke aj hih tension electric wire, short-i circuiting it and" causing an explosion in conl dust." Coroner J. O. f Ku:;ni said. ! Crou ds of relatives and friends ot j the miners jammed about the mine mouth became so frantic and hysterical when the hodis were brought to the surface that militia was called to control the situation. The first load of dead was brougiit to the surface at S o'clock lan risrM The boc-l-s, uere placed in tempo- j Mruciurri wiine awaiting Coiuimicl I'ajjo s. Coliiiiui 37 THE WEATHER . nrr.n. Tot st. ,ra Katp and rol.Irr fouisbt and tonr- TI'MrEiiT-ii.' . ....... MiJptuht 4 V " ! ' " " n 4 ft; m .4? ..4t ! --0 i V. ; - a. ill.,,,. At . . .44 j ii ' m i .J ....94 C,l . .62 .61 Rel. ; Wet. (tumid. 43 TURN TO I g , JL , -v.- o a. m . 0ffcj I- I r. in . Dry. ; ? r. n - ... I 3 ni '.'. 44 37 ' P IS 43 I " Mi ii mill HHMi'Mfttyr?4MKtiBM2&a t, vitubmizn&esmavtmmv mm wtoJi"g' - - - i J w " ' ' n f'f tM,t 5", .-.T If.""- 16 . . Gallatin, Mo. Shot Up by Robbers Who Get $4,000 Looting Bank LT. , , . 77 , jNigM Marshal and Hotel Gun Battle With Who Es cape in Auto. 0 By a Special Correspondent. riAT.T.ATTV in V,r. ! T t t . ,.... . . . on his own Ftamping ground early raided Gallatin, wounded the town . , ...s,., ...v,.. town s one hotel, wrecked the First National Bank and escaped w h ly mo.e than ,1.000 after a IveP I g;iized force of about 100 residents. Jesse James held up a bank in Gallatin fifty-three years ago De-December 10, with a chosen band of his men, but therewa8 no, rcsistence and his raid was not nearly so spectacular as the one today, although Capt. JoKn V'. Fheetz, president of the bank at that time, was shot in cold blood. The men wounded today are: Xljcht Mar-dial John Chamberlain, who was shot In the head and hark. His condition is serious, but he Is I expected to recover, I rank Woodrnff. owner of the ! , Woodruff Hotel, who was wounded ' in the neck. Mayor Joseph Tata was fired on ! while leading some of the more in- j trepid residents, and hi3 clothing j f pierced by buckshot, but he was not I I hurt. Dr. B. V.Thompson, physiciis. ' and cashier of the Farmers' EX. i change Bank, was stung by shot, but uninjured ts. it,.., . i .s-..v...... ..rv. was the center of the battle between the bandits and the citizens, is to- (s.Ttrtl r. ii ihf fi.nit ifia t fnm.r it .v, , a. .1.. ' i ' im it i .hi, niirii; oiuuud , ; v To,i, rnrti,. n before dawn and there was moon. The two sides of th nearest the bank were in. square darkness because new street lights i which are being installed were not iyet in pUve. The two opposite sides THE COMIC PAGE i sS. ,'sv;; , ' S,' Wit-? -v X -srf sis Is VN Vi Proprietor Wounded in Six Desperadoes jiuca wasouiaone at rus own rame today by six desperate bandits who marshal And .v of the square, where there are two ' omer banks., were lighted More than fifty shots were ex changed and the (lashes of the firing with the fitrures of the attacking citizens occasionally visible in the i darkness when they dared, in rmail ! groups, to come out into the open, resembled more some movie scene j than the prim business in hand. None of "the robbers was wounded ! . ' iSM-powea i a'Jtmbile in which they arrived in I town, presumably aoout midnight. It i ontinuoq on rage '2, Column 5. A RETENTION FROM THE DARK AGES SIMPLE hunt for news b?d send out a representative on f rfff nt T-o r -1 t w v wi ' fi Y ",t ' V 7 oesiraoie to i the inmates then draw a picture or moral i V - , ay behin'1 the inspector's ad- j degradation that matches the physical degra- ! ie-Ul'!S- 'bad -Ur'd '"very fcad" with ch I Nation, of vice that matches the filth, of chil- , c ci,aracier.zca a larjre number of j homes i The first report of The Star's i tor changed the inauirv frnm n m - - " ' - ot news into 33 imperative ohlifntioT, tn : fruuutr. state. Only minor fraction of : discovered can be put into print, fraidn is enough to freeze the ! which' ls uaf'rjntiWe may be suggested to the exaggeration can, not be, people of Missouri. i Read the storv of condit'oiw in - " ina,uons in AND SEE THE NEW FEATURE DRAWN BY GLUYAS WILLIAMS, FAMOUS HUMOROUS ARTIST " - .., . Hill! .Ml . . . ww -.V.T.-.TV.". - W . . ............ W .II... v . 4T . w- 1 SV ..sT.w. V ... . Xt 1 I t s- I. FRANCE COULD HAVE SENT BETTER ENVOY, HITCHCOCK ASSERTS Democratic Senator Debates French Policy With Borah and Spencer. WASHIXGTOX. Nov. v 23. (By tr. P.) Senator Hitchcock. Democrat, Nebraska, former chairman of th-e foreign relations committee, today formally re ! A I . , " Pre' - plied in the senate to former Pre If France had to send nn envnv to the United States to -enlist Ameri- can sympathy, she could have j chosen a man more appropriate than i C'.emenceau," said Hitchcock. ""While Clemenceau is not known i as such a militarist as Poincare and ; others, he has been recognized as I representing: an extremely harsh j Policy toward Germany. j "And so I derrecafe the character' of this messeneer from France, and i . . , . v-inutiiiTdu, vioieni as ne was, i ts romr-nred tr. the -sr.an t ernment of France. "I. therefore, am not criticising i tntlnned n i 'a zv 2, i'otiinin 2. The Star to Count- Poorhouse, get to check up typical of dozens of s . . icfcpvcior or j picture or trie poverty iv, i inrr -i, S u. 1 sj, j S, ..JSt ' ' . - odors which carried half a mile, and you ill j understand what the reporter could not set invest!? - r i down in words nd the 1 1 1 1 . n. . L ' I what was i It is impossible to write sensationally of the poorhonseF of Missouri. The conditions so far outdo the ser.satiar.alism of words that but that -blood. - That i comes a weakness. th JT , " f the Storre i conditions rewaicd by We have in this i .r ; ' If ,. .. -V Vvff s.. v.. ; ft t Js. -S Jt, ! V, $ it's . ' si " i A1. -W s W. ). v. s. wss. ."'. IT. i: J.- vva fA: ,v)f. -r,.- .. 7.,.,. v Hohenschild Jury Following: is the jury selected to try H. H. HohenscMld, Henry D. Sum. 2918A "Wyoming: street; secretary of The Scar-Chronicle Publishing Co. Paul C. Ziemer, wholesale belting; 4307 South Grand boulevard. George Voelker, 2326 Salena street; employe of the Goddard Grocer Co. Carlyle V. Thomas, 4 11 4 A Lafayette avenue; real estate. Henry Wllmerlng, 2847 Minnesota avenue; office manager of the Popular Trice Express Co. Julius F. Steinmeyer, 4540A Oakland avenue; connected with Steinmeyer Bros. Shoe Co. John H. Sieckman, 263" Natural Bridge avenue; connected with real estate department of the Mississippi Valley Trust Co. Theo J. Randall. 4235A Lincoln avenue; an arccountant fot the Southwestern Bell Telephone Company. John P. Nester, Ralejynan for a hardware company; resides at 5205A Alaska avenue. Victor E. Maas, assistant buyer for Famous-Barr Co.; resides at 4339 Oiive street. Ralph T. Lawver, a clerk for Champion Shoe Machinery Company; resides at 5514 Clemens avenue. August F. Jaeobsmeyer, auditor Missouri Pacific; resides at 4425 Athlone avenue. in your mind that it is counties, form a clear .... -.,. ana pnysicai imn ci i -sv,,. camera could not re- and denunciation be- state a parallel to the Blllw .a " T t ' , Charles Uickens in the t pray for ihe present, jw ;s , 5 s.x s s U ss s SAk 'SX s. ? ( V ,i death tit '? Iff 6 t TT!Ti 4 "s i 4 if By SUr 8tff rhotogrpbfr. EXAMINER TELLS OF NIGHT AND DAY Donald W. Ross" First Witness Defense Charges Conspiracy by Meininger. Taking- of testimony In the trial of H. H. Hohenschild. proUtnt of the defunct Night and Day Bank, bcan today following statements to the jury by Circuit Attorney Sidener for the state and Patrick J. Cullen for the defense. In his statement Cullen charged that the bank was wrecked by a conspiracy between A. O. Mein-ing-er, cashier; Frank J. Schneider, Vookkeeper, and W. I- Kingston, teller. These three men he charged participated in a scheme extending over several years to rob the bank. The first witness was Donald W. Ross, deputy state finance commissioner, who told of looking into the ank's condition. Hohenschild is on trial as assenting to receiving deposits in sn insolvent bank. The specific charge is that he allowed Harry Cook, manager of the Business Men's Gym nasium. CIS Washsneion avenue, to; Continued on I'nz.c 4, Column 3. ? t V s" 1 - 1 i Vsj ' s S 4s " si"" Kngland of a century ajo. Sut througa the will of the people, but berau&e they do not know it, do thei-e things exist. The Star does not believe that they will outlast the next session of the legislature. If they do, Jt'wiil not be through any failure of this newspaper to present the facts. To the pitiable appeal of the old pauper ,who fofkmed The Mar s representative four gct M-001 ,ithout an ax, and we have miles through the Stone County hi lb-, to plead ; on!y one hf.a cover ap5ee(. We're that relief come before winter sets in. there i planning to move into my room for seems no answer. It is the system that, la at ! the winter and maybe if the three fault, the system of farming out the feeding jcf us sleep in one bed we can keep and care of pauptrs tc the lowest bidder, anl j warm. I've been here two years, that system is fixed in th? laws of Missouri, j but it seemn like a century. It can not be changed before next year. For! "We've had an awful time since tne Desi tne paupers tan go la , Poor Farm So Bad That Superintendent Deserted It County Judge Says Needy Persons Would Be Better Off Dead The Star Begins In- . vestigation to Correct Conditions. yf JEFFERSON CITY dispatch in The Star November J m-mcrhed the report of W. L. Miller, former tupcrvisor of jatit and almshouses, to the State Boai-d of Charities and Corrections, in which conditions in county almshouses were classified as "poor" and "vjcry poor." The Star immediately sent a staff writer to investigate conditions at first hand, and the first of a- series of articles reporting his findings is printed today. Conditions in many poorhouses are so de-gradina as to be unprintable. The legislature will meet in January, at which time The Star's find-ings will be laid before that body and an effort made by this rewsjaper to correct the vnwnolesomc conditions. j By a Staff Correspondent. i GALENA, MO., Nov. 23. On the 'summit of a bleak, wind- swept ridge in the Ozark Mountains, four miles from here, stands the" Stone County Poorhouse a grim monument to the county's j policy of caring for its indigent poor, j The superintendent, unable to withstand the horrors of lb" j place, has deserted it and the unfortunate paupors who were left j alone and uneared for are living on swill from garbage buckets. The potter s field, sodden and sunken, with unmarked graves, awaits them. - ' . ' The county's pauper fund is exhausted and the presiding judge" has stated that the county A driving rain, forerunner of i sleet and snow, was sweeping the ! hills as the writer arrived. A blus tering Mind whistled through th trees, carrying way. the last of the ii$yran foliag Th ... two ' dilapidated frame shacks which comprise the poor house stand in the center r,f nnnrtr acre clearing which was , . - - i . .s - . ( V. f.tnl Hrtow.a1Trkstf. an&ie uc .. v . .u mud. One of the shanties contained three cell-like rooms in which ten persons, two men, two women and six children were living. The furnishings consisted of one cook stove, two beds and four chairs. The interior was wet and cold. Wind whined through the loose boards of the side walls and water, which poured in from a dozen leaks In the roof, drenched the place. Motlirr With Nurslnj? Baby. A young woman with years of hardships stamped on her face sat in a far corner with a nursing baby which she endeavored to shield from the blast. The second cabin was divided Into three sections, two rooms, eight feet long by eight feet wide, and a Jail room with iron bars at the windows. Benton Googe, 87 years old, once a prosperous farmer, now a miserable wreck who hopes that death is not too far distant, occupied the first room. Stomach trouble, Bright's disease, exposure and lack of proper nourishment' have almost done for him. A broken down bed without springs, a straw-filled tick, a filthy comfort, an old stove and a hand fashioned table were th furnishings. Uce and bedbugs crawled on the bed and the walls. Rain splashed through a window which had been boarded up years ago when the glass was broken by a madman. "Old Abe." 67 years old, ruptured so badly that he walks with great pain, occupied the second room, the nlo AniitrtiviAnt rf iwnih Yk i m a r !rnn bed on which were a straw tick and blanket. "Jim," a half wit. was in the Jail room. There is no door to the room and the giaes.is gone from the Iron-barred window. "Jim's" bed was a pile of rags In the corner rags which were wet with rain and alive with vermin. That room, too, was bare, save for Jim and his rag pile. So Toilet Fartlltle. Toilet facilities do not exist. Drinking water is carried in buckets from a spring a quarter of a mile distant. The men eat their food from a bucket with their fingers. There is ajici iiatiTc. uric iju llic j place is there a knife, fork, spoon no alternative. Nowhere or dih. The moon furnishes the only illumination. Abe has a lamp, but no oil for it. The three paupers collect the wood with which to build a fire in Googe'a stove. They carry the wood to the rhanty on their backs after gathering it without ax or hatchet. "We might make it through the winter If we had an ax and some bedding," Googe told the writer. It's hard for men nt nur x-r in oar superintendent left us There i hasn't been a light at night since 1 court can give no relief. Last Report Made By State on Stone County Poorhouse JOLLOWtNG is th tcrt of i the report of W. L. Miller, former supervisor of jails and aldishouies, made to the State Board Charities and Corrections September .16, 1921) at which time two men and one feeble-minded girl occupied the Stone County Poorhouse. Three old men and ten members of an indigent family are there von'. This was the last report made: Il'II4I't;,S: Have two shacks One of three rooms occupied by patients. Plenty of ventilation as walls are open In huge cracks. Oil lamps, stove, heat, Water is carried up a hill from a sprln;; a hundred yards from house. . MAXAUKMKXT: Place not clean, but under the conditions-the matron must work, it Is not to be wondered at. Hugs are In the walls and on beds. Beds and" bed clothing fairly clean except for bugs. - n.VAXCIAlv: Buildings worth practically nothing. Farm worth about J600. Kverything else owned by the superintendent. Superintendent receives $14 pr month per inmate. County plans to trade place for one nearer town and Is not putting in any money at present. JNMATKS; Two men and one feeble-minded girl. arrived here and I haven't even a Bible to read. "The only food we have Is what rwill we get from some of the farmers around her', and what food Taylor, the former superintendent, donates to us. When we visit some ' ,f th farmr aruml 'fe ther give us what the hogs get If we don't show up Taylor, though, ii good to us and we take turn aboui, when we're able, going over to hN house with a bucket. But It's a lom hard walk for men of our years, being a quarter of a mile down on hill, through a muddy hollow and a quarter mile up another hill. "The flies ani morquStoes almost drove us mad before the coll weather set in, but even now w- can hardly sleep because of the lie:? and bedbugs. The squatters In th it her house help us some." The "squatters' referred to arc th-ten persons who were found in th first shack. T3iey" explained .that they had met with misfortune and Lhad obtained permission from tb" eounty court to occupy the hai U until they could do better provided they would find their own fooil. Former Official's Htory. F. J. Taylor, former superintendent of the poor house, told thi story: "I took charge of the poor farm in February, 1921, not becau -I wanted the job but because I thought I m!ghs be able to remedy the frightful conditions. Before the court appointed rne, inmates u'"J to walk to my borne and tell stori- of great privations. Many, ha I' starved, came to beg for food. T make a long story short I went x the county court about 'it and toH the judges they should ashamed to permit such a disgraceful piac- 4 "ntinucl on Page 2, Column ?,.