Denton Record Chronicle 3 Sept 1975
Talk Of Texas Not Even A Scratch ByÂ·Â· JACK MACUJRE FOOTNOTE TO HISTORY -- One of the most unique battles of (he Civil War occurred 112 years ago when 47 Texans with only six artillery pieces defeated a Union Navy flotilla of four gunboats and 17 transports carrying 4,000 men. On Sept. 7, 1863, a fleet of 21 Uni^r ships assembled at the mouth of Sabine Pass to begin a planned invasion of Texas. The four gunboats were to escort and support the landing of the 17 transports with their 4,000 troops. Confederate intelligence had discovered the invasion plan and work had started on a new battery position, Fort Griffin, to protect the vulnerable port near Sabine City. The three-sided earthen work was unfinished and armed with only six cannon when the Union fleet was sighted off the coast. Lt Richard W. Dowling was in command of the 47 Confederate defenders. When the Union ships began lobbing shells at the fort on the morning of Sept. 8, Dowling ordered his men to hold their fire. He didn't want to disclose his strength. He also wanted to be sure the invaders were at close range before he used any of his precious ammunition. At 3:40 p.m. that day. the Union boats began their assault by moving up the channel. When they were 1,200 yards away. Dowling ordered his men to fire. Within half an hour, the Confederates had disabled two of the Union ships and forced the other two to withdraw. The 45-minute battle cost the Union Navy 19 dead, nine'wounded. 37 missing and 315 officers and men taken prisoner. Dick Dowling and his men hadn't suffered a scratch. RUM DUMBS? -- In Dallas, a survey school officials recently uncovered the fact that 15 per cent of all of the fifth graders d r a n k beer, wine or whiskey (and sometimes all three) at least once a week! HEALTHY HOUSTON - Texas' largest city also is its most salubrious. For the last 25 years, residents in have lived longer than their counterparts the rest of Texas, the nation and the From 1950 through 1974. Houston's death rate was only 36 per cent of that for the of the state. It was 72 per cent of the rate and 43 per cent of the world rate. Despite its hot. humid climate, Houston'T record of respiratory ills is one of the anywhere Whereas an average of 15 people in e.ach 100,000 can expect to develop asthma, emphysema and bronchitis around the U S., only 7.5 persons per 100,000 develop such diseases in the port city. Nationally, heart'attacks are on the increase, But in Houston, where citizens have had a third fewer attacks than residents the rest of the country, the number of cases also is declining steadily . THK PASSING PARADE - Tattooing, the art of- permanently marking the flesh with colored designs, has all but disappeared in Texas. Â· Tattoo artists stiH ply their trade in Amarillo. Fort Worth! Houston, Kiileen and a few other places. Most cities, however, have outlawed tattooing as a violation of health laws. To produce the often intricate designs on human skin, the artist uses an electric needle to punch holes/Then a vegetable is inserted beneath the epidermis to produce the desired graffiti.