Eventua Supremacy of USN

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Eventua Supremacy of USN - DESTIN OF OUR NAVY Believed that Its Supremacy...
DESTIN OF OUR NAVY Believed that Its Supremacy Is Mere Matter of Time. MAKING GREATEST PROGRESS Tremendous Maritime Power of England Germany and France Being Rapidly Gained Upon by the United States- Advance Being Made in Ships Guns and Men and Their Efficiency. Is the United States destined to become the greatest maritime power in the world No nation Is at present advanclrtg so rapidly with her navy with the exception of Great Britain as the United Stales and this Is a day of remarkable naval advancement in all parts of the civilized world. Japan for Instance Is said to be planning to spend $60.000,000 for cew battle-ships and the extension of her arsenals although the amount now being actually expended is 115,000000. Russia since the war has been so disastrous to her. has decided to extend her original construction plan and will soon build eight first-class- batt'.e-shlps. Germany despite the discontent expressed there in the late elections. Is hurrying forward her Shipbuilding- programme. Italy and France are not far behind the others In the race for naval supremacy Austria-Hungary Is -adding to the strength of her squad ron e\en Brazil Is spending J7.2SO.OOO for a new -navy Argentina J4.C05OuO Chile t3.250.000 while'Venezuela Colombia an Mexico are appropriating smaller sums and- even slow-going China is adding to her sea strength at a cost of $2.500.000. Thus according to the latest official figures. $330.0f 0.000 is expended annuallly by Sll the nations for their naval defense against one another. And this year it is estimated that the sum wtH reach $560.000.000. Of this vast amount nearly one- half will be expended by -the United Statec incl Great Britain. Thta same desire for "readiness" prevails n th other nations. The war be tween Russia and Japan has taught an object lesson to the great powers of the world. It demonstrated the "unreadi ness" of Russia. Xt has demonstrated that navies supposed to be unconquerable were in reality Inefficient. The Japanese have revolutionized the entire scope of twelve-inch guns. In building war vessels of this latest type equipped with twelye- inch guns it will be seen at a glance how easily the millions will melt away. Marksmanship Keynote of Success. With the new ships and the new guns roust come expert marksmanship. It now costs the United States navy $3,600.000 a year for target practice. Good marksmanship is the keynote of success to a navy. The Japanese have demonstrated this. Between two ships equally equipped and of the same tonnage they defeated their enemies on account of their superiority in gunnery. The only way to maintain expert marksmanship is by constant practice. It will be readily understood why target practice is so expensive when it is known thaj t costs $1,000 every time a twelve-inch gun is fired. The projectiles of the most powerful twelve-Inch guns have an angle or fall of about eleven and one-half degrees at six miles and therefore the danger space of a battle-ship forty-feet high is about sixty- six yards. In order then to make a hit with a perfect gun and perfect aiming the range must be known within one-half of ibis amount. With reliable pointers at the guns long-range firing becomes principally a training in range-finding. In making a comparison of the strength of different navies so many things must be taken Into consideration that it is a difficult matter to present the exact situation so that it wi'.l be plain to the lay man. The total tonnage of battle-ships cruisers and torpedo-boats now being built for the five greatest powers is as follows Battle- Other chip Cruisers. veuei. United States. 193,180 149.760 S44 Great Britain 184,444 153,760 37.0:5 Russia. 112,730 26,177 14,431 Germany 103.976 49.00 2.084 France. 87.800 78.431 1.130 Bases of Comparison. While the only true test of the comparative strength of navies is in actual conflict the naval construction of the world has been done on similar lines so that any group of ships of about the same tonnage. and built within a few years of one another will have similar characteristics and may be regarded as similar ships notwithstanding that they may be of different nationalities. While the number of styps possessed by individual nations does not necessarily indicate the naval strength the total of the tonnage of navies may be used to a certain degree In making a general comparison. The weakness of comparison by total ton nage is that no account is taken of the age of ships. In Clowes' Naval Pocket Book this fact is taken Into account and the vessels at tho various navies are divided into the following classes A Battle-ship ca. If launched in or since 1813 of 12,000 tons or upward. B Battle-ship second of 8.000 tons or upward launched In or since 1881. OFOURNAVV Mere'Matter GGnEA EST E gla d I gT atest thew rld with. tlono Britain-as o ctv 1zcd ew actuall so" soon d splte t c.e hun' ng' oth rs t e s $7,2liO.OOOtor -n n' while Yenezuela .an.1 'are Fe a t costot T us. .O O ll one by..the 1 1 In be- Rus la. t demoI stralell reallt of' he n vY shlpls em nstrated and,01 when.1t th m llt ya ds. erfect Wfthrellable uIt ship. 2,344 comp ra- o o roa th Pock t tak n ward.launched remendou th l on Venezuela andeven byli thisyear ol the ea ex- that ton ago dif- . , , - , , , . ? ¬ , , . , , . , - , , . , . , , - - ' . - . , . - . " : - - ; \ . . - ; , . , ; , . . , ' , , ! , , - - $ . . . , . . $ . > . . . - . . - , - . " " ! . ¬ . " ¬ " . . . - . - . . . . . . ¬ . . ¬ , ¬ . ¬ ¬ . . - . - - , - - - . , , - . - ¬ - . ¬ ' . ¬ . - , , - : * > . . ! . „ . . . , . * , , , . : , , , . . . . . . . „ . . . . ¬ ¬ , , ¬ , ¬ . ; . ¬ . ' , : - - , , . - - . . ¬ , . - ' , , ' - ' : ! ; , ; . ' ! . . , } . - . ! - ' ; ! : ' . $ , . . ' ) ' . ' : " ! ' . 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Clipped from
  1. The Washington Post,
  2. 25 Dec 1904, Sun,
  3. Page 3

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