Clipped From The Galveston Daily News

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8-B THE GALVESTQN DAILY NEWS SATURPAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 14,1992 Military installations Ther« are some 890 military installations in the United States, ranging from the 3 million-acre Nellis Air Force Base weapons range in Nevada to sites of less than one acre, like the small Navy weather station on Santa Barbara Island off tne California coast. Number of installations, by state: pj} States with largest number of Who has the land In millions of acres and (number of installations) Hawaii 47 Force Army Navy Marine Corps , 12*1(387) \\.l\(2QB) N.H. 4 Mass. 22 R.I. 8 E3 Conn. 5 0 N.J. 15 El Del. El Md. HOo.c. 3 27 10 Source: Compiled Irom the Dspt. of Defense Shrinking bases to shake economies Associated Press EDITOR'S NOTE — The surgeon's scalpel can cause pain — just ask the communities which host more than 70 military bases that are being closed. The move will save the nation billions and free up thousands of acres, but it will also hurt local economies and cost thousands of jobs. This story looks at changes brought when military lands are returned to civilian use. FORT ORD, Calif. — Imagine the classified ad: FOR SALE: 28,000 ACRES OF PRIME CALIFORNIA REAL ESTATE, INCLUDING FOUR MILES OF SCENIC BIG SUR COASTLINE. COMES WITH 5,650 HOUSING UNITS, A SMALL AIR FIELD, LARGE GARAGE FACILITIES, TRAINING FIELDS, JAIL, DAY-CARE CENTER AND ARTILLERY RANGES. AVAILABLE 1994. ; The property is Fort Ord; the ad, : purely imaginary, is not so farfetched. ; Since 1988, the president and ;Congress have approved Pentagon plans to close or scale down 73 air fields, Navy bases, Army posts and other installations, including Fort Ord. The move will eliminate an estimated 40,000 civilian jobs in 30 states. The closings, representing about 8 percent of domestic U.S. military installations, may be just the beginning. With the demise of the Soviet military threat, budgetary pressures are growing to cut military expenditures beyond the planned 25 percent over the next five years. That could translate into even bigger numbers in the next two rounds of base closings scheduled for 1993 and 1995. "With the current climate you < have to believe there will be more J closures," said James Gallagher, a I congressional liaison with the I Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission, the independent panel that advises the president and Congress on what bases to shut. Closing a military installation is a tricky balance of national agenda vs. local economies and politics. Another complication: the 11,000 pollution sites on military bases. Transfer of the land is barred until they are cleared. "We have been told to get the cleanup done fast to mitigate the financial impact of the closing on the communities, but it takes time and resources," said James Willison, chief of Fort Ord's environmental office. The United States had some 1,100 military installations in the postwar-cold war 1950s. The Pentagon trimmed back to about 900 by the 1970s. But politically volatile closings were virtually halted by Congress' regulations. A 1988 agreement between Congress and the administration changed the rules again. A blue-ribbon panel now reviews bases the Pentagon wants closed. The final list must be passed or rejected by Congress and the president. No changes are allowed. "The commission became the court of lastresort for the communities affected by the closure. Congress wants the commission to filter the politics," Gallagher said. The 1988 commission named 35 facilities to be closed or scaled back. The 1991 commission added anoth- Life with the naval air force Associated Press FALLON, Nev. — There were times when Alice and Jim Schneider could see the pilots' faces as their nimble gray jets come screeching over the tree tops on the way to bomb Bravo 16. "Sometimes it was one group after another," said Mrs. Schneider, a pleasant 60-year- old woman who moved to Nevada for the quiet. Instead, she and her husband got the constant boom of Navy attack jets headed for the bombing range a few miles away. "It nearly made a wreck of both of us," said Mrs. Schneider. She blames a heart attack on the noise and stress. The Navy moved flight paths away from the cluster of homes where the Schneiders live. But they are fearful war zone conditions may return with the latest bid to expand the Fallen Naval Air Station's bombing ranges. "We don't know what to expect if they withdraw more land," Mrs. Schneider said. Fallen began as a minor air field in World War II. Through the years it has become a premier $1 billion installation where every carrier pilot must train. The base's ranges grew by stages. Bombing ranges Bravo 17 and Bravo 19, totalling 38,700 acres, were added south of the air field in 1945. Bravo 16, 17,280 acres northwest of Fallen, came along in 1953. Another 41,000 acres east of town, Bravo 20, has been used since the 1940s even though it wasn't officially added to Navy inventory until 1986. That year also marked the addition of the Dixie Valley supersonic range, a 11,000 square-mile chunk of sky over central Nevada that now resounds with the sonic booms of F-14 Tomcats and F-18 Hornets. Some 80 valley families were bought out by the Navy, their homes razed. The Navy adapted the desert it controls for the latest in modern military technology. Electronic sensors set in the ancient sea bed and surrounding mountains give controllers a bird's eye view of aerial war games. er 38. An additional 53 housing sites are to be closed in 12 states. California took the hardest hit, with 16 facilities; four Texas Installations were affected. No other state lost more than three. Twenty-three of the bases are Air Force or Navy air fields. Six Army posts and seven Navy stations or shipyards will also close or scale down. Armories, storage facilities, research and testing labs make up the rest of the list. The closings are projected to save an estimated $2.2 billion annually. Military reports on need for space AP Associated Press EDITOR'S NOTE — The paradox is striking: While the military will shrink over the next five years, thereare still plans to add thousands of square miles of land to its holdings. YAKIMA FIRING CENTER, Wash. — As the helicopter crested a ridge line along the high desert plateau, Col. John Nelson leaned out the open door and points to a subtle change in landscape. The green hue, a thin cover of bluebunch wheat grass, color codes the 261,0(X)-acre Yakima Firing Center, a major Arrny training area in central Washington. The land beyond, grazed to volcanic gray, is part of a 62,000-acre addition recently approved for the Army. In a way, the line marks the boundary between the Army of the past and that of the future. Despite plans to shrink the military at least 25 percent and close some 70 installations, the armed services want more land. But opposition groups and congressional pressure have already forced a moratorium on new land acquisitions, and hard questions are being asked about adding land to an already.huge military inventory. The military's justifies its hunger for more land with one simple argument: the increased speed and mobility of the high-tech combat that won the Gulf War requires realistic training on huge amounts of real estate. Indeed, troops fresh from fighting Iraq's Republican Guard said combat was easier than the grueling exercises at the 636,000-acre National Training Center outside Fort Irwin, Calif. "People believe the Army trains by marching in quadrangles and somehow magically acquires skill on the spot when it goes to fight," said Gen. Paul Schwartz, the forrrter deputy corps commander at nearby Fort Lewis who led the charge for the Yakima land. "That's not how it works," he said. "War is a science where you pass or fail depending on the standards of training." The average World War I battlefield was about 1,630 acres, or 2.5 square miles; by World War II, air power, motorized infantry and accurate long-range artillery nearly tripled the size of a battleground. Today's smart munitions, supersonic aircraft and tanks that fire twice the distance have stretched bat- tlelines to 80,000 acres — about 125 square miles. That will increase with new technologies that see and shoot farther. "The advantage you want over your enemy is to find him and engage him over greater distances than he can do the same to you," Schwartz said. "We beat the Iraqis because we knew where he was and could engage him at greater and more effective ranges than his T-72 Soviet tanks could find, fix and engage us." Troops who fought in Desert Storm trained in vast reaches of the West. How To Turn Six Numbers Into Six Figures. Nowhere in the history of the world has there ever been any real significance to the number six. There were never SIX Musketeers. There was never any movie entitled the Magnificent SIX. Nobody ever says, "Hey, homeboy, slap me SIX." There are no mentions of the big SIX automakers, and so on and so forth. So, for the first time in the history of the world, lowly SIX is about to be elevated to a much higher level. Elevated, in fact, to millions, in a new type of game. Read on, it gets easier. LOTTO Texas is a "*•* new game from the Texas Lottery. It's fun, it's exciting and it's easy to play. You pick six numbers from one to fifty, and should you happen to pick the same six numbers that come up during the drawings, then you could win millions of dollars. Now, the long \ version on how to play LOTTO Texas: Step number one. Go to your LOTTO Texas retailer. You can only play where you see the red and yellow sign that says LOTTO Texas. It shouldn 't be a big problem. There are thou!' sands of LOTTO Texas retailers all over the state. Look at the lower right-hand part of this page. That is our new logo. (We're quite proud.) Wherever you see that sign, you know you can play LOTTO Texas. Still with us? Great. Step number two. While you are at the retailer, pick up a playslip. There's a picture of it on this page. You may find the playslip in a 1992 Texas Lottery stand called a play station. If not, just ask for one. Step number three. (My, we are moving right along now, aren't we?) Choose SIX of the numbers on the playslip from one to fifty. You can also play up to five times on each playslip. You must completely fill in the numbers you choose on the playslip with a BLACK OR BLUE BALLPOINT PEN OR A PENCIL ONLY. The pencil below is free, and it will work quite nicely. Also, do not erase any of the mistakes you make. Just fill in the VOID box on that play and you will not be charged for it. Step number four. (Past the halfway mark.) Take a dollar (that's how much it costs to play LOTTO Texas) and give it and the playslip to the retailer. In just a few seconds, you will be handed a ticket that verifies which numbers you picked. Please remember: sign the back of your ticket so no one else can cash it in. Step number five. You can tune in to the televised drawings on Wednesday and Saturday nights at9:58p.m. CST to see how well you did. If you picked all six of the numbers that are randomly chosen on the ball machine, then you could be a millionaire. If you miss the drawing, those numbers will be posted the next day at all LOTTO Texas retailers and in your local newspaper. The jackpots are paid out to the winners in 20 annual installments. You can also win second and third prizes by matching five out of six numbers or four out of six numbers. Match three out of six and you'll win $3 automatically. If you win up to $599, you can collect your prize at any LOTTO Texas retailer. All winnings of $600 or more can be claimed at any of the Texas Lottery claim centers in any of the cities listed on the back of a How To Play brochure for LOTTO Texas. (That list is a little long for this ad.) You will also find the odds printed in that brochure. You can claim prizes through the mail, as well, by using a claim form that you pick up from any Texas Lottery retailer. Please make copies of the front and £he back of your ticket before you send it in. The Texas Lottery is not responsible for tickets lost in the mail. All prizes must be claimed within 180 days of the drawing. Finally, LOTTO Texas can be played up to 10 drawings (five weeks) in advance. If you want to play the same numbers for several drawings in a row, fill in the multi-draw box on your playslip with however many drawings you would like to play. You must be 18 years or older to play. And when you are watching the televised drawings, your heart may pound a little. Your palms may sweat Please do remember to have fun. TEXflS" LOTTERY

Clipped from
  1. The Galveston Daily News,
  2. 14 Nov 1992, Sat,
  3. Page 22

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