Dewey;s Achievements at Manlia Bay

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Dewey;s Achievements at Manlia Bay - . . . . . myS-SuTo Commodore Dewej GaTe His Men...
. . . . . myS-SuTo Commodore Dewej GaTe His Men This: Ad-rice at Ids Bay, ; lad the Work at Xanfla Shows That the Hen Followed It. ) Admiral (xherardi Beriews the Eeports of the Great Battle, And Pronounces Dewey One of the Greatest Fighters f the World. He Has ProTed Himself "Worthy of Bis Teacher, Farragut, . And, Like That Hero of the Civil War, He Drove His Ships Oyer Mines Without a Thought - .... of Consequences.. .That the American Loss Was Light Only Adds Luster ' To the Victory Which is Destined to a Place in History With the Battles of the Greatest Admirals. (Special Dispatch to the Picayune, Copyright, .183, by James Gordon Bennett.) . New York, May 7. The greatest tribute to -tie courage and efficiency of the United States navy was paid when Manna fell and the Spanish fleet sank beneath the guns of Commodore Dewey' squadron . . - '" v That victory Is a practical demonstration and an additional proof. , If any: be needed, that the great advantages In naval action are the things pre-eminently possessed fey our navy. . ; ' First, the high efficiency of the drill of our men; the constant training they hare had In target practice, and the fact that they hare been taught that the gun aboard ships are not there to be looked at, but to be used, and that the deadly execution they are capable of doing is possible only by their own efforts. The victory at Manila was full and complete. ' It would have been Impossible to exceed or add to It in any way. What Is Dewey's achievement? He steams Into Manila bay at the .dead hour of , the night, through . the narrower of the two channels, and as soon a there is daylight enough to grope - his way about, he puts his ships In line of battle and brings on an engagement, the greatest In many respects In ancient or modern warfare. ; .; . The results are known the world orer every ship la the Spanish fleet dee-stroyed, the harbor Dewey' own, Ms own ships safe from the shore batteries, : owing to the strategic .position he occupied, and Manila his whenever lie cares to take It. ' ." . Quick and decisive was the blow. He did not wait to attack a weaker place, but struck home, unmindful of the unknown danger that lurked about him. Although he knew that the harbor of Manila was , so' deep and. broad that he bad UtUe to. fear' from '.mines or torpedoes at the entrance, he was, of course, aware t that at some part of the bay destruction awaited him. Yet he too the risk.:the same as' his famous predecessor and teacher, Farragu V.who, - at Mobile, when he saw one of his ships blown np by a , torpedo and another rapidly hearing destruction, said j . , - ' - - ' "Go ahead. Captain Drayton. Damn the torpedoes. 7 What', his; pupil's language was we don't know, 'but, he , certainly, lived np to the precept" laid down by the then greatest naval hero. v Another . point which his Tictory emphasizes la that aggressive superiority mean much In naval warfare. In u that quality Dewey was . immeasurably , superior to - his opponents. His attack was fairly a storm. . . Another ' feature that should not " be lost, sight of in recounting this' deed of bravery is the fact that he was handicapped woefully In maneuvering. Of course, one of the first things done at Manila by the Spanish authorities was to remove from the harbor all guides to commerce, such as lights and buoys. This tiring fcoa done.lt would tare required KEEP COOL-OBEY ORDERS. 6m . ., the highest grade of intelligence to make nse of the limited sailing directions left In the hands of his navigating 'officers. Yet had he been' maneuvering his squadron in New York harbor under friendly eyes he could not have been more skillful in avoiding treacherous shoals than he was at Manila. During the period of engagement his ships were ' constantly moving, yet never went amiss. . The reports thus far received shew the damage to bis ships was as trifling as the h urt ' to life aboard ' them, and this. I think, msy be attributed to the skill shown In handling the squadron. The accuracy and rapidity "of the fire attest the thorough drill and perfect discipline of the . men, and prove that they kept ever before them Dewey's words before they left Mlrs bay, "keep eool and obey orders. : f ."'":'! That he was not . Ignorant of the exact range of the enemy's land batteries. Is shown by the fact that when he desired be withdrew his ships, and while keeping out of range himself, still kept In play his own big guns. The lesson In this, as naval experts will take It, Is that In a wide harbor an opposing fleet, once past the fortifications. may retire at any time out of range of the shore guns and recuperate. It has been a mooted point among naval architects the advantage of woodwork Inside a ship, "as compared with other compositions. The question was only partially decided by the Yalu battle. I think the Manila light has conclusively settled , 1L The destruction wrought by flying splinters ; aboard the ships, was, from ail accounts, fearful. - All fleets must have a leader, and all credit must be' due to that leader for success In action as In failure all eensurc will. be bis. ;::f But ; we must not forget that be has assistants to whom credit must be given, the captain and officers of every one ol the ships. On them devolve the duties of organization, drill and discipline aboard ship, so that when the time comes for practical service they will be of the greatest value. - The men of Dewey's 'squadron were good samples of the efficiency of the United States navy, and In this case they obeyed . Instructions. ; BANCROFT GHEBABDI, : Bear Admiral (retired) United States ' Navy. -.; . IT HISTORY l The Battle of Maalla. Will Be a :''.-'' Briajfct Paiare. -: .' Special Dlspatcb to tb Tlcaynne, Copyrigbt, 1858, by Jame Gordon Bennett.) - New York, May 7. Admiral Thomas Brand, who has seen much service in the royal British navy before going on the retired list, was entbusiastlo In his eulogies of Admiral Dewey's feat when seen at the Windsor Hotel tills afternoon. "Dewey's great victory at Manila was admirably conceived and plockHy carried out, said the .British admiral. "It will go down to history as one' of the most brilliant victories In the naval history of the world. .- THE PHIUPPUrES, Aa "VThMt Shmll America Do WltTa (Speriat Dlnpatch to tn rirejnne and New York Hmld Copyright, by James - Gordon Bennett.) , Washington. May 7. To the Editor ef the Herald: It Is a little early yet. I think, to make any definite statements to regard to the Philippines. What we shall do with them will depend largely on future developments. Generally speaking. I am not . In favor of acanlrinv oninni.i possessions, as I think this government Is hardly In a ' position .to adopt such 's policy. There Is no doubt that the Islands mm m. m . . oiua or large commercial value to this COUatrv. but. It .Is nnMAi, In Wi mind whether this advantage would out- weign some otner points which could be msde asralnst a nroooaltloa tn tini hom definitely. Personally,. I. am undecided wnac course i wouia pursue IT the subject were brought before congress. D. B HENDERSON, ; Representative from Iowa. NOT BEADY TO GIVE- AN OPINION. (Sprelal Dispatch to tie PIctjud and New York Berald. Copyright, " 18VH, by James Gordon Bennett.) Washington. May" 7.-To the Editor of the Herald: We undoubtedly need a coaling station In' the Pacific: - Whether the Philippines is .the place for this station I am not prepared to .say. .We certainly should make the most use of the islands, now that we have them." If the future developments show that there are better places for a coaling station in the Pa cific. I would be-In favor-of . trading the Philippines for. them- It seems to me s little premature-to .discasa . this question at present, however, and, personally. I am not ready as yet to give a definite opinion. ' FREDERICK. H. GILIiETT. -Representative from- Massachusetts. ' WE D0S'.T . JfEED THEM- (Special Dispatcb- to tbe - Plrarons and New York Herald, -Copyrisbt- J8&8, by James Gordon Bennett)-- - Washington, May 7. To 'the Editor 'of the Herald: I am tee totally opposed to any scheme of foreign-sgrandizement or a policy of territorial expansion. I think It would be rnlnous to the republic, but If we need a coaling station, we ought 'to keep the Philippines. I do not think that anything we will do will have any, ef- (ect on me- eastern question whatever. except this, that the naval victory already achieved by Commodore Dewey anl those

Clipped from
  1. The Times-Picayune,
  2. 08 May 1898, Sun,
  3. Page 12

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