Eugene Maxwell

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Eugene Maxwell - MAXWELL'S GRAND REGISTER. He Will Haye to...
MAXWELL'S GRAND REGISTER. He Will Haye to Catalogue Thousands of Chinese. Some of the Difficulties He Will Have to Overcome. The Chinese Object to the Procedure- Some Provision* of the Bill— Thore 1* Lack of Applicant*. The work of regietering the Chinese in his district of Southern California, under the deary act, will be commenced at once by Deputy Revenue Collector Eugene Maxwell, under instructions just received from Collector John C. Quinn. Mr. Maxwell's district embraces tbe counties of Los Angeles, Orange, Ventura, Banta Barbara and San Luis Obispo, and the work will be prosecuted under difficulties. Up to the present time no provisions for additional belp have been made by the department to assist, Mr. Maxwell in his herculean task. He faces the proposition of registering about 12,000 Chinese all by himself, and in tbe fac9 of the bold order of tbe Six Companies at San Francisco to the Chinese in the country to openly defy the enforcement of the law and refuse to register in compliance with its provisions. Still Mr. Maxwell has made preparations to begin the registration, and is now ready with all the necessary documents to accomodate such of the Celestials as see fit to avoid a contest with Uncle Sana. A circular translated into the Chinese language, setting forth the provisions of the registration act, and the penalties for refusing to comply with it, was freely distributed in Chinatown, in this city, last week. A large number of the circulars have been placed in various stores and in the bands of influential Chinamen, and they are now the subject of excited discussion in Chinese quarters. Intelli-sent Chinamen have informed the eputy collector that there is a very general disposition on the part of the Chinaman in Los Angeles to obey the ultimatum of the Six Companies. One of the well-known court interpreters, who has taken the position that his brethren ought to register, has been very roughly talked about in Chinatown, and his advice has been jeered at by those who blindly obey the behest of the powerful San Francisco organization. It ia not thought at the revenue collector's office that there will be much regiatration at preeent. The act allows a year from ita paeßage for compliance with ita requirements, and tbe Chinamen appear to be of the opinion that they will defer the evil day aa long aa possible. Thoae who have not registered by May 5,1893, are subject, upon conviction of being unlawfully in tbe United Statea, to be imprisoned at hard labor for one year, and then sent back to China; but on the advice of the Six Companiea, and their confident assertion tbat they will be able to defeat the law, the Chinese do not seem to be in much apprehension that the penalties will be imposed. « The largest number of Chinamen in Southern California are in Los Angeles county, where there are about 6000, the remaining 6000 in this district being scattered through the other counties before mentioned. Deputy Maxwell will visit each county in turn, and will cause hia coming to be announced to the Chinese, co that they may have all the opportunity necessary for registering. . There is considerable lack of knowledge aB to the classes of Chinese to which the Geary act is applicable. The persons referred to in it are limited to Chinese laborers. No Chinese are limited from coming into the United States, or remaining here, except such as may properly and within the meaning of the statutes be known as laborers, But persons other than laborers must present, as a condition precedent to their landing in thia country, a certificate from the Cbineae government, or government of which tbe peraon is then a subject, Bhowing that he is entitled to land and remain in the United Statea. By the provisions of the atatutea all classes of skilled and unskilled laborers, Seraons employed in mining, aa well aa uckatera, peddlera and persons engaged in taking and drying, or otherwise preserving shells or flail for home consumption or exportation, and laundrymen are classed as laborers. A person, to be exempted from tbe operations of the law aa a merchant, must be an owner or part owner in a bona fide mercantile establishment. In the inatructiona just received by Deputy Maxwell, Collector Quinn remarks : "It ia required that this work shall be entirely completed within one year from the date of thia act. You are therefore inatructed to at once actively engage in procuring the applications of Chinese in your division for certificates, and continue the aame until all the Cbineae therein have had opportunity to make application. The regulations should be strictly adhered to in every particular, and each paper carefully examined, and ita correctness and completeness ascertained before forwarding, aa, if returned for correction, it will be difficult, if not impossible, for you to supply omiaaiona or make correctiona. This registration will require a great deal of labor, and at least two visits will probably have to be made to all localities where there are a considerable number of Cbineae. Aa there will be difficulty in procuring photographs in some places, and, aa a number of localities will be difficult or impossible of acceee during the winter, you are rcqueeted to begin at the earliest possible date, and prosecute tbe work vigorously.". The law provides for the attestation by credible witnesses of the applications for registration, and rules in regard to that and other matters of interest have been Bent out by Commissioner John N. Mason. He says: "It ia not necessary that tbe affidavits should be made by white persons, but they may be made by Chinese laborers, or Chinese other than laborers. It is desirable, however, that the affidavits of white persons of good character ehould be obtained by the collector whenever it is practicable. "The foregoing remarks apply to cases where Chinese make application to tbe collector for the certificates provided for in the first pari, of section 6, of this act— thoae entitled to remain. But in caees where Chinamen shall neglect, fail or refuse to comply with the provisions of the act requiring the obtaining of such certificates within the time prescribed by law, or who, after one year from the passage ot the act, shall be found without auch certificate of residence, and who have been arrested and brought before a LOS ANGELES Unitad States judge, then in such case at least one of the witnesses to the hearing shall be a credible white person. A female white person, of lawful age, for all the purposes of tbe act, is a competent witness. "The collector of internal revenne may require that tbe applicant for a certificate shall present bis application in proper and intelligible form, and whatever cost he may incur in accomplishing this should be at his own expense; but the collector has no right to fix the fee of an interpreter or require its payment by the applicant. It ie the purpose and intent of the law that the applicant shall obtain his certificate without any charge upon the part of the government. "It is not necessary that the application made by the Chinaman shall embrace all the matters that are required to be found and stated in the certificate when issued. The collector should, upon the hearing of the caee, obtain all necessary information as to those things which are to be embraced in it." One of tbe most singular developments of the classification of Chinese under the Geary Act is with reference to Chinese women. It is a matter of common notoriety that the great majority of Chinese women in the United States are slaves and are used by their owners for the purposes of prostitution. And the interpretation of the act with reference to this large class is significant. Mr. Mason in his rules to collectors has tbe following to say about the matter: "It would be impracticable, if not impossible, to make a distinction between Chinese women as to tbeir character. The legal wife and minor children of a Chinaman, other than a laborer, living with the husband and father, and supported by him as a family, are held to belong to the same class as the head of the family, and may be considered as Chinese other than laborers. Bat the collector, in such cases, should require conclusive testimony as to the relationship. All other Chinese females are classed under the bead of laborers." The peculiar expertness of the Chinese in perjuring himself without much fear of successful prosecution will shine forth with exceeding brilliancy, when it comes to tbe registration of the Chinese women in the State. Deputy Collector Maxwell's job of registration will not prove to be a sinecure. COTTON GOODS. The Tariff and the Cotton Manufacturer*. Editors Herald: The Express, in replying to my article on cotton goods, says: "The price of cotton has declined because of over-production. The cotton manufacturers are certainly not responsible for that. Nor can the tariff be held in any way responsible. It ia not true that the cotton manufacturers, aa a class, are making large profits." Let us see whether the express' assertions are true or not. It ia true that the cotton crop of laat year was quite a large one, and that there ia a large stock on hand of a million bales. But to offset the large viaible supply on hand, the government report of laat month atatea that the present growing crop outlook with one exception ia the woret in years. So making allowance for the stock on hand and adding it to the present growing crop, the total yield will still fall short at leart 1,000,000 bales from either laat year'a crop or the one before, and speculators the world over are taking advantage of present prices to help sustain a depressed market. If it had not been for tbe McKinley bill aa the first grand cause, together with the low price of silver (won't charge anything for thia last admission, as the truth ia what we all should wish and have) for the second, the mills tbat are now lying idle all over Europe would long ago have made short work of last year's crop, and at goqd prices for producers and without loss by enhanced pricea to consumers. See admission of Chicago Tribune of August wherein it says tbat "you cannot expect manufacturers to buy if tbey cannot sell, nor employes to consume if they have no employment, or money to buy with." Aa to the assertion that the manufacturers were not responsible, by helping to pa3e the McKinley bill, indirectly I think they greatly were. As to its other assertion, that tbe cotton manufacturers were not making large profits, I will simply give yon Bradatreet'a statement of August 20, 1892: "Published returns from the mills show that they are enjoying the most proaperoua season ever "known in cotton manufacturing in Fall River. Thirty-one corporations have paid dividends, making an increase of over 50 per cent for present quarter over last year. In addition the mills bave added as much more to their surplus or reserve funds, and have generally freed themselves from indebtedness. Mr. Editor, years ago, after several bad breaks on the part of your weather prophet, a threat to have him taken out in the hills and shot, if he did not improve, had a good effect. A hint from the publishers of the Express to its statistical or economic wntera might improve its columns. J. F. P. A SERIOUS ACCIDENT. W. H. Carter, the Attorney, Badly Hart Yesterday. W. H. Carter, the lawyer, was seriously injured yesterday afternoon. He waa driving a spirited animal, attached to a buggy, when the horse was frightened at the corner of Sixth and Hill streets, and became uncontrollable. Tbe animal atarted down Hill street at a rapid gait, and at the corner of Eighth atreet the vehicle came in contact with a tree, which resulted in the wrecking of the buggy and serious injury to Mr. Carter. The gentleman wae accompanied by a lady who fortunately eßcaped unhurt. Mr. Carter was picked up in an unconscious condition, and taken to Off & Vaughn's drug etore, where his injuries were dressed by Dr. Burnett. Hia face waa badly lacerated, and bia nose waa broken. He waa otherwise badly hurt, and he will be confined to his room for some time. If the hair is falling ont and turning gray, the gland* of the skin need stimulating and color-food, and the best remedy and stimulant is Hall's Hair Renewer. One canning company of Salem, Or., has canned 50,000 cans of strawberries this season. Half a dozen other canneries at different points have been preserving nearly the same amount each. Miles'* Nerve and Liver Fill*. Act ob a new principle— regulating the liver, stomach and bowels through the nerves. A new discovery. Br. Miles'* Fill* speedily oiire biliousness, had taste, torpid liver, piles, constipation. Unequalled for men, women, children. Smallest, mildest, surest 1 50 doses, 25 oenta. Samples free, at 0. H. Hance. Tjandsberg-, the Tailor, No. 127 Bast First street. Latest pattern* in suiting*. Belt work. Moderate price*. Satisfaction guaranteed. Also cleaning and dyeing. Onr Prominent Physician* Becommend John Wieland'* and Fredericksburg Beer, Both uneqnaled for quality, strength and parity election become majority o. The little have the them. and has tbe in come When remonstrate elect reply 2000 for been The into The endeavoring the not ticket. taxpayers They The Pico be Adcock for his gloves. crowd. Many were Pemberton, took large itself The defeat Santa tired on A at secretary. expenses being onesided The of half Democratic Sixth J. as elsewhere. D. the candidate street for pay without to nomination reputation man. lone for the tax the integrity. E. Benson gives cared All

Clipped from
  1. Los Angeles Herald,
  2. 19 Sep 1892, Mon,
  3. Page 3

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  • Eugene Maxwell

    snl – 05 Sep 2013

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