1890-01-20-InterOcean[Chicago]-p4-Afro-AmericansAndTheSouth

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1890-01-20-InterOcean[Chicago]-p4-Afro-AmericansAndTheSouth - TffiE IDAHjY . iOTEBi OCEAN, MONPAT; Is "are...
TffiE IDAHjY . iOTEBi OCEAN, MONPAT; Is "are the at Increased. re Dr. Prender-gast who the of to ad' very of find The test in tbe law and the we fide not to and that the be at to the it as an for do ot of red-tape explana-' explana-' to mother was quite sick, and the mother far from well. The family was without fuel or food. Mr. King made provision for their immediate wants and , then notified the authorities at the County Board headquarters. headquarters. : That should have been enough.' The county, and not tbe city, assumes the responsibility ot meeting such wants, and has an agent, with, sub-agents, sub-agents, sub-agents, for that especial purpose. The family was so near the office of the County ; Agent that a few boors should have ' - sufficed to bring relief, but as .a matter of fact Mrs. Fisher, whose death did not occur until Friday, was left to die, without anything being done, and that, too, although Mr. King made three different efforts to secure relief. Each time It. was promised, and some excuse found tor putting it off. . Boodllng on the county is bad enough, but homicide by the county is Infinitely worse; and that is about what It amounted to in this case. County Agent Foley excuses excuses himself on tbe ground that be was bound hand and foot by red-tape red-tape red-tape rules; but whether the blame rests upon him or the Board of Commissioners It sertalnly rests on one or the other, and In either case the blood of Mrs. Ann Fisher is on Cook County. The Coroner should have held an Inquest on her body, and the jury should have brought In this verdict: Died of Cook County Inhumanity, . . A few weeks ago the people of Chicago were expending about $10,000 a sight In one particular form of amusement, and that feast of melody was followed by a ball in the name of charity. The word charity was blazoned above the dancers in letters of. fire. AU this was right and proper, but surely a community which invokes the name ot charity In tbe climax of its expensive gayety should not be Indifferent to a system of publlo charity under which a re peatedly notified case ot extreme des titution couid be allowed to go oi un heeded until death brought relief to the senior member of the . household. If our people allow this sort of Infamy to go on un reformed, then the next great ball should be given In the name of hypocrisy. There is another phase to this case. It is represented that this . family came to be in such destitution because great corporation, the Wisconsin Cen tral Ballroad Company, broke faith with Mrs. Jewett, whose husband received dis abling and finally fatal Injuries in its service. If the facta prove upon verification verification to be as stated yesterday, then that culprit corporation should be compelled to carry out its obligation to Mrs. Jewett In good faith. But whatever the facts may be in that matter, there can be no excuse for Cook County, and the Board of Com mlssioners should lose no time in reforming reforming the present monstrous system of county relief. ' THE AFBO-AMEBIOAHAal) AFBO-AMEBIOAHAal) AFBO-AMEBIOAHAal) THE SOUTH. The first Southern newspapers to take notice of the Afro-American Afro-American Afro-American convention lately held in Chicago are the Charleston AVtos a4 Courier and the Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle. "It was vile and misleading. says the latter Journal. No specification of its vileness, however. Is made, but as to lis "misleading" nature, we are Informed that Mr. C. H. J. Taylor, (the Chronicle does not honor bun by the title of Mr., but speaks of him, as Southerners ever do of the negro, as one of the proletariat to whom the name ot Mister is not applicable), "has put a powerful ban of condemnation upon such a convention. It was not representative, representative, it was irresponsible, unau thorized, and unwise. The real leaders of the colored people In the South were not present. The real Interests of the colored people in the South were not consul ted. It Is not for twenty such men as Mr. Taylor, of Georgia, to put such a convention convention under "a powerful ban of condemna tion.' The proceedings of that convention are in print and have been read by tens of thousands and approved. They are mod erate In tone, practical In method, set in "a form of sound words. We take It that Mr. Pledger, of Georgia, Is every whit as much ot a leader as Mr. Taylor, ot Georgia. Moreover, why . did not Mr. Taylor avail himself of the opportunity of presenting his side ot the case to the con vention? He would have been heard re speotf ully. The Charleston 2fete . mnd . Courier does accord to Mr. . Taylor the ordinary ordinary title of polite society but, like the Augusta Chronicle, it Insists that because Mr. Taylor was not present and president and director general there fore the convention was "not representa tive.'' But who made Mr. Taylor sole representative ot the negroes in the South? Wherein are his qualifications superior to those of Mr. Pledger? . But we observe that ' neither the Neyc and Courier nor the Chronicle reply to what was said during the convention. - Mr. Fortune, Mr.' Pledger, of Georgia; Mr. Hayne, who, by the way, is from South Carolina; Mr. Feiham,' who is' from Mis souri; and Mr. Price, who is from North Carolina, surely can speak for the Southern negro as well as Mr. Taylor can, and none of them spoke with bitterness, though all with firmness. What was said was this: between fire and six millions ot people Inhabiting this Republic are not allowed to do the best that they can for. themselves, and this enforced degradation of so large a number Is a curtailment of the National wealth , and a menace to the National safety. It is for the Southern newspapers to dispute this proposition if It can be disputed. And as remedies for this ap palling evil It was proposed that the op pressed race should unite la a league for self-betterment. self-betterment. self-betterment. White workmen and farmers have united' in leagues;, why not colored workmen and farmers? And also it was proposed that a more liberal . pro vision for schools, to which, of course, the negroes shall be admitted, should be made in ail Southern States. - Is this proposK tlon evil In Itself? The need of education' was the uppermost topio of the convent Uon. , Is It B dangerous topic? These are the facts and queries which the Southern press must deal with. - , ,-tc ,-tc ,-tc It will not do to evade them by saying that the convention was . not representa tive, because Mr. Taylor was not In It, for Pledger represented Georgia, the eloquent Mr. Hayne spoke for South Carolina, the i scholarly Mr. Price for North Carolina, and Mr. Pelham for Missouri. So that four ot the once slave-holding slave-holding slave-holding States were represented. represented. Besides whloh. if it be said, as truly it can not be said, that the negroes ot the North had It all their own way, then this question is to be answered: If education has made the Northern negro a useful citizen, why will not education make the Southern negro a useful citizen? The convention convention has brought the negro question onto the high plane ot argument. "The superiority ot the white race" is' not In the debate. Whether the white race be superior or no, the proceedings ot the convention have proven that the negro race is capable ot the highest duties of citizenship; those of systematic organization, organization, logical debate. . methodical . and dispassionate deliberation, to wit. The Afro-American Afro-American Afro-American Convention was. as we believe, the first ot many peaceful and ever widening steps toward the perfect enforcement enforcement of the laws and Constitution of the United States. ' DEXOCBACT EXTLADTED. The following extract explains pretty freely and plainly the position of the fire-eating fire-eating fire-eating Democracy of the South: Becently. In a brief paragraph, tha Slate t pretty plainly reiterated its views of the fourteenth sod fifteenth amendment, and. prompted by a certain lament ot Tbb Ibtkb Ocxam. declared that it la true the amendments In the Sonth are "In the mnd." and that "Lha mad Is the place for them." Tills is taken from a lengthy and vulgarly vulgarly abusive article from the New Orleans State. It is wholly unfair, ill-mannered, ill-mannered, ill-mannered, ungentlemanly and without a spark of patriotism. About the some date that this editorial was published the Montgomery Advertiser, commenting upon "the negro celebration of the emancipation proclamation," proclamation," told tbe black people of the South they were not Indebted to Lincoln for their freedom, but the slaveowners slaveowners themselves. Iu the territory mentioned mentioned by the Advertiser as especially excluded from President Lincoln's proclamation proclamation was a portion of the State of Louisiana, which the States desires so valiantly to represent. The Advertiser says: They the alares were emancipated by the Bfates themaalres la 1863. and before tbe adopUon of the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The net-roes net-roes net-roes wero enfranchised enfranchised by these States before the adopUon of the fifteenth amendment to the Constitution. It would be well if the editor of the States would look Into this "tyranny of the North" that has foisted these amendments to the Constitution upon the unwilling people ot the South and "freed the niggers" niggers" and "enfranchised them." The Stales leaves no one in doubt as to ft sentiments. sentiments. It is as defiant as before or during during the war. It is a fire-eater fire-eater fire-eater and a secesh In its full acceptation of the terms. The States says: ' We repeat, deliberately and coolly, and we peak for the Democracy of the Sonth. that amendments amendments or bo amendments, election laws or bo election laws, the whites of the Sooth are bow controlling, and win henceforth continue to control, control, it political destinies. . The only way for Tbb IKTXB Oczax sad It parry to prevent this Is to exterminate or expel from these States,' by flra and sword, the whites, and tura the country oyer to the negroes, e e e e see These amendments are s dlftgraoe to the Ameri-can Ameri-can Ameri-can people, they are a cars to the naerro, sad they bare paralysed, aa we have frequently said be fore, ail independence of political discussion and action ia the Booth. They are the outgrowth of the bitterness of the civil war; they are the crystal! zs ti on la the Constitution of the fierce fanatiaUm of the old abolitionists, of the venom. ferocity, cowardice, and folly of the statesmen ot reconstrocUon, and of the humiliation of the Sooth. They are of that fool Utter of monstros ities which burst from the fcettd womb of re construction twins of carpetbags-ery. carpetbags-ery. carpetbags-ery. Judicial outrages boob personal liberty, baas political murder, vengeance, and hate. The States winds up its windy utterances with the following pleasing summary: When The Ixteb Oceab and the gang of traitors in and oat of Congress with whom it trains, and who, la their villainous purpose to solidify sad perpetuate the power of the Bepab-Ucsb Bepab-Ucsb Bepab-Ucsb party, are threatening to control the elections elections in the South by force and arms la violation of the Constitution, come to frame their iniquitous iniquitous statutes, they had better provide, in addition addition to their supervisors, marshals, and regis trars, aa ambulance corps for each precinct to cart off their carrion when the polls are closed: for. with scanter courtesy than the stoat old eari accorded his false king, . we ah all leave the dead bodies of their hirelings and rufoaa deputies to rot where they may bite the dustia their attempts to enforce the treasonable schemes of Bepublicaa revolutionists traitors, VOH-FABTEiAI VOH-FABTEiAI VOH-FABTEiAI TXaTERATOE. A meeting which is likely to prove highly Important will be held In Cleveland on the 22d and 23d Inst. It will be the first National convention of the Non-partisan Non-partisan Non-partisan Woman's Christian Temperance Union, an offshoot of the Woman's Christian Tem perance Union rendered inevitable by the success of the St. Johnltes In making that once grand organization a tall to the Pro hibition party kit. Mrs. J. Ellen Foster, the leader In this new movement, has been fairly driven Into taking this course by the contemptuous and unfair treatment she and her sympa thizers received not only In the Chicago convention last fall but continually for the last four or five years ever since, in fact. she and they refused to bow the knee to Baal Su John In 1884 In his ambition to be the founder and leader of a great polit ical party. There Is Imminent danger that the cause of temperance will be seriously retarded retarded by demagoglsm, and this Cleveland Cleveland convention. If Its proceedings are marked by common sense, will be of very grett benefit to the cause by arresting the reactionary tendency. There are some half a dozen States of this Union which are. overwhelmingly Republican, and which have adopted pro hibition as their be tiled policy. Among these Is Iowa, That State has been brought to the precipice of Democracy by the temperance , agitation, but It was by those who spell prohibition with a big P instead instead of the ordinary lower-case lower-case lower-case letter used by common people. So long as the friends of the prohibitory pollc were content to trust implicitly the . Bapubllcan party their cause was atfe! b jsirrat'Hll ' and every con- con- iu ' J -' -' i.-.'fjtT i.-.'fjtT i.-.'fjtT .".ar -vie. -vie. . . wageaor uufc,Dinc.mauy oi .taose woo wer -loudest-1 -loudest-1 -loudest-1 -loudest-1 3t:ahamDlonshiD have tiuHei, bjtfe&r hlrd Prty a powerful powerful reaction"- reaction"- has ' set in. Fortunately Mrs. Foster Is an Ipwin, and she has' been able to do much to stem the reactionary tide. She deserves the thanks alike of the prohibitionists and the- the- Bepubllcans. Her latest movement Is clearly in the Interest ot temperance legislation and of the Bepub- Bepub-

Clipped from The Inter Ocean20 Jan 1890, MonPage 4

The Inter Ocean (Chicago, Illinois)20 Jan 1890, MonPage 4
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  • 1890-01-20-InterOcean[Chicago]-p4-Afro-AmericansAndTheSouth

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