The Ottawa Journal 17 September 1966 › Page 48
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Cleric Comment: In a certain affluent Canadian suburb on Labor Day evening, many of the men of the community were engaged in the following way: The top management boys were at the ISth hole of the Golf and Country Club drinking Scotch. The middle management and junior professionals were at one of the local Protestant churches, eating roast beef and listening to a speaker trying to inspire them to build an addition to the church. The working men were at the Legion and the beverage room drinking beer. Over simplified? 'A little! But it points to a certain-problem which we of the middle-class Protestant churches should not overlook so much. We aren't doing so well with working-men. We may not be doing aa well with the economically privileged either. But we do try. If a man of wealth or position in one of our communities shows an Interest in the church we will likely be pretty friendly. And at the time of the every-member canvass or building fund drive he'll be given a chance to demonstrate his interest. And even if we don't try very hard for some ministers and lay people won't let themselves be caught running -after the rich for fear of editorial writers and columnists making cracks we si' know that the well - to - do can always find a church with the welcome mat out. And we do well with the middle class. In fact we are a middle - c ass country and there are so many middle-class people that we seem to be able to fill our churches and have a vigorous fellowship whether we reach the other social c'asses or not. But the gulf which is still narrow and shallow between the church and the working-man in this country is widening. In the above named suburb I know that the min ister can boast that his two senior elders who walk down the well - carpeted aisle are both carpenters. The three Protestants ministers in the town come from working-class or farm homes. Many of the best church men belong to unions. But proportionate I y things are oat of balance. And increasingly the laboring pec-' pie absent themselves from the Protestant churches or Church and Labor Kwxasssg' find their spiritual home in a Gospel Hall or revival tent. I am indebted to the Presbyterian Record for reminding me that our British grandfathers contributed to this growing estrangement Some of the great preachers in Pauline fashion reminded their working men to be content with their wages and obedient to their masters. The Record reports: "Influential Churchmen such as Thomas Chalmers in Scotland and William WUberforce in England spent their time proving Marx, correct by preaching to the wurheis such opium doses as the following from Wilberforce's Practical View af the System a? Christianity." "Christianity reminds the lesser orders that their lovely path has been allotted to them by the hand of God: that it Is their part carefully to discharge its duties and eon tentediy to bear its inconveniences that the present state of things is very short . . . and finally that all human distinctions will soon be done away." No wonder Marx dismissed such "pie in the sky re'igion" as an opiate of the people. By 1830 in Great Britain it was estimated that 75 per cent of the working people had turned from the Church. In Russia the Church that gave this sort of thing didn't get its comeuppance until 1918. In Spain, and some parts of Latin America it hasn't learned the lesson yet Dr. Howard Thurman, a great American colored preacher, says that when his slave grandmother was a child her master called them together regularly to listen to the (th Chapter of Ephesjans where Paul enjoined slaves to be obedient to their master. And we remember that through the long slave owning centuries the Christian ethic for the slave - owner was "be good to your slaves." and for slaves. "Be obedient to your masters whether they are good to you or not." Today in Canada the working man is in many of our communities the pillar of the church. In many places he has withdrawn. He should be a respected pillar. Where he isn't we should try to get him back. For the church to be truly a church must be universal and all inclusive. A class church is not and cannot be a true part of the body MULTI-PURPOSE CENTRE Arkell House, a multi-purpose centre for church and community activities will be dedicated Sunday afternoon in memory of the late Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Arkell The property has been presented to Britannia United Church by their daughter. s-sew CHICAGO (RNS) The Rev. Malcolm Boyd, a successful Hollywood film-maker before be entered the Episcopal priesthood, has called the highly - publicized John Huston production, "The Bible," a "bad movie" and suggested that the church share some of the blame for failing to help the producers understand the meaning behind the literal words of Scripture. Reviewing the film for the Christian Century, ecumenical weekly published here, in "advance of its public release, Mr. Boyd objected to the movie's length (174 minutes plus intermission), the fact that "its title does not honestly reflect what It really is." and the "DeMille spectacular" nature of the production. But bis main criticism was leveled at the "over-literalis-tic, pseudo - historical portrayals of poetry and myth. The makers of this movie may argue that tbey have followed the script Yet there is a spirit as well as a letter connected with this script "Where was the church hiding when it might have helped such creative gentlemen as these moviemakers to inter pret the meaning of the mighty acts depicted in their film?" According to Mr. Boyd, the film is "a stringing together of a few Old Testament episodes, not the story of the Bible." It includes, he stated. Eve, Cain and Abel, Noah's Ark, the Tower of Babel, Sodom and Gomorrah and Abraham. The onetime film - making partner of Mary Pickford and Buddy Rogers objected to the concept of God in the John Huston production. He said that in the Garden of Eden sequence He is an angry God "a nature God who banishes the washed - out young couple from Eden as thunder explodes and rain pours down . . . God becomes even angrier when be consigns the murdering Cain to a living hell." In the film's story of Noah, "God is a deity capridoas. vengeful, unrelenting sad pantheistic enough to tara a ' sensitive man into a militant atheist," Mr. Boyd said. . Ha added that God becomes angry again la the Sodom and Gomorrah sequence "Hollywood's inevitable sex orgy" with His thoughts on "revenge and mass murder, this time by fire . . "About the point in the agonizingly long proceedings when Lot's wife changes into a pillar of salt after watching the cities' destruction, one can only speculate as to bow. If this God fat not dead, something constructive could be done about the matter." In New York, meanwhile, a dispute centring in the technical process used in the theatre showing of the film resulted la a court injunction. The U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that in the principal cities across the country in which the film was scheduled to open on Sepjt 28, projection equipment incorporating the new Dimension - 10$ process must be used. This process uses a single machine to project the film onto aa enormous, deeply curved wraparound screen. Although the film was shot with cameras leased from D-150, Inc. a subsidiary of United Artists Theatre Circuit, Inc. distributors had planned to use an enlarged 70 mm. prim and more conventional projectors for theatre showings. The court agreed with the contention of D-150's attorney that the reputation of the filming process would be damaged by such showing. Saturday, September 17, 1966 spokesmen seemed to suggest a vague misgiving about the ecumenical movement and a reassurance that there was more meaning in loyalty to a family group than to a worldwide, centralized church. But the voices in the discussion groups and the debates on the council floor in time made it dear that the assembled delegates anything but a docile Deny, and were by no disposed to have their thinking decided by minds of two centuries ago. Vigorous objection was raised to any lockstep denora-nationat consensus. Rev. Dudley Hyde from Australia said that the present church needed terminology more modern than the creeds, if. he added, we have to have the creeds at all. "which I doubt very much." Another speaker (from Zambia) poured scorn on the church's habit of attributing all national and international p. ills to religious unbelief. He added that to suggest that in politics the Christ iaa can march through the murk, speaking what is true and doing what is good, while others wallow in confusion, is gratuitnous nonsense. D. T. NOes, from India, in a major address, declared that Christians should be concerned not with the church but with the world, that Christ was not building a church but a King- By and large, though with notable exceptions, the most pietistic voices came from continental Europe, and the most radical not from the Western world but from the colored peoples in many lands THE BIBLE SPEAKS " Facing Dp to a New School Year." (part two) is the title of the Christian Science program "The Bible Speaks to Yon." over radio station CK0Y, Sunday at 10.11 a.m. II 'V'- The Ottawa Journal Experts in Theology and Psychiatry Soy m. Religious Groups Should Explore Uses of Drug NEW YORK (RNS) Religious groups should be actively involved in exploring the serious ases of the "mlnd-open-Ing" substance. LSD. accord-, tag to two experts in theology and psychiatry. Writing in the current issue ol the quarterly Journal of Religion and Health, published by the Academy of Religion and Mental Health here, the authors discussed their extensive study of the psychedelic, drug. They maintained that response to it should be "not suppression, but informed education and an expanded program of research" into both the benefits and dangers in its use. A main thesis of the article was that mysticism now can be studied scientifically under laboratory conditions through the controlled use of LSD. In this connection they suggested establishment of a training and research centre with a staff to include "psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and professional religious personnel." The article. "Implications of LSD and Experimental Mysticism." was written by Walter N. Pahnke. MD. Ph.D.. and William A. Richards. STM. The authors expressed concern that because of sensational publicity and alarmed reactions, LSD may receive the same treatment as hypnosis the serious use of which was suppressed for a century. Citing a recent estimate that one million doses of the drug will be ingested in the U.S. this year, they criticized the articles in the popular press "that have presented somewhat slanted accounts of the bizarre and lurid effects of these drugs rather than their potential usefulness." "It is unfortunate." they wrote, "that, at present, public opinion concerning these drugs is being molded primarily on the basis of the response of the beatnik dimension of society, a dimension that contains many persons already in poor states of mental health." In addition to opening new opportunities for the study of mysticism. Dr. Pahnke and Mr. Richards cited instance where LSD has been used with encouraging results in the treatment of alcoholism and drug addiction. Also, they noted, a patient with terminal cancer was able through use of the psychedelic substance "to view his life and death in a new perspective." The authors stated that "at long last, research into mysticism need no longer be limited to the scholarly scrutiny of various devotional or metaphysical documents left behind by such historic personages as Shan-kara, Plotinus. Meister Eck-hart, William Blake and Teresa of Avila." In discussing the mystics in history. Dr. Pahnke and Mr. Richards argued that the monk or hermit, though he did not use a psychedelic, substance, did use sensory deprivation, sleep deprivation, meditative disciplines and fasting, to reach the unconscious levels of the mind. They also mention the Hindu yogin practising breath control and the Christian monk spending long hours at prayer as other evidence that biochemical changes in the body induced their mystical experience. Under sach a system, the authors say that the yogin or monk had very little time for social action. "It would seem better for a person to have a drug-facilitat ed experience of mystical coo-sciOMinaaa. enjoy the enriched fife that may follow, and serve other pei sous daring the greater part of his life than lo live a Ufa that nay be munwheattr and withdrawn mmtU old age. ch aa aiueitome may by means of ascetic prac tices.' To support their coachadons. the aathora described! aa experiment conducted by Dr. Pahnke oo Good Friday in HO. Using 20 carefoDy scjeaned and tested volunteers, half ware given aa LSD - type drag and the others a vitamin that caused feelings of warmth and tingling of the skin. The M volunteers were all graduate students with middle-class Protestant backgrounds nary, none of whom had ever taken any LSD prior to the experiment. They were administered the drug of the placebo M minutes before the start of the -service. Ob the basis of three questionnaires, the first two gives within a weak of the service and one given to the volunteers six months after the Good Fri-, day data, Dr. Payaka said that ' those at miliars who received the LSD - type drag i experienced phinnmana f mystical. "Religion has long been accused by sociologists of being ' prime Illustration of the phenomenon of the 'cultural lag.' Brano was burned at lb stake for his adherence to the Coper-nicu view of the forced to re-nicaa view of the universe. For the same heretical belief, Gali- to recant, area though the Truth of the panoramas be has seen through his telescope ware indelibly fixed npon his mind. Similarly. Darwin was condemned for bis heretical theory of evolution. "Yet, In retrospect. Christian theology, including biblical interpretation, has been greatly enriched by the convictions of these, men. New glimpses Into the nature of, reality always seem first to evoke defensive reactions of fear and. only later. ; reactions of wonder and praise. "With these drugs, .science stands aa aa wwjatM threshold. Soma religious leaders would tmdotibtadly consider it improper for man to Mad upon the holy ground of the unconscious, protesting against the expknttsa of Inner space' as pbeybavt campaigned against the exploration of outer space. But magi apparent destiny to seek aa ever greater comprehension of. the nature of reality cannot be thwarted Or suprass-ed. The importance of research proceeding to harmony with the highest known ethical principles, however, is clear. Those who undertake such research cany a heavy responsibility.' African Methodists Are Christians First By ERNEST M. HOWSE Special Journal Correspondent "Methodists of the world unite: You have nothing to lose but your brains." So one speaker of the World Methodist Conference expressed his objection to the general character of the conference schedule. He was referring in part to the static theological terminology and the stilted pro nouncements with which the church mummified its message. The conference was well through when he spoke; but be charged that it had been only a conveyer belt for endless platitudes. UPSURGE OF VOICES An upsurge of other voices speaking in terms no less vivid and forthright were sufficient to clear the conference of any judgment made in the opening days that the worldwide gathering was merely organized denominationalism on a binge. To the observer at first it did seem that the central dynamic was the greater g'ory of Methodism. A pro-, posed tenet of belief almost explicitly stated that God had last spoken to the world in the days of the Wesley. The language of official Producer Turned Pastor Says 'Bible' Bad Movie I ORDINATION Francis McEvoy, son of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond McEvoy, will be ordained to the priesthood which will be conferred by the Most Rev. M. Joseph Lemieux on Saturday, Sept. 24, at 8 pjn. in St John's Church, Osgoode. Youth for Christ Begins 21st Year Youth for Christ begins its 21st season of Saturday night rallies, planned and presented for teenagers, this evening at 8 p.m. Since 1945, when it was founded by Torrey Johnson and Billy Graham, Youth for Christ International, and its local chartered rallies have become a successful teen program. For this first fall rally, a new teen film entitled, "Summer Decision,'' will be shown. The music program spotlights Lars Kleynhans, outstanding accordionist, and Heather Waldorf, soloist A special teen .summer report will also bet presented along with other exciting surprises. All are welcome. where Christianity, now perhaps in the third, or second, or evm the first generation, had been spread through Methodist missionaries. Christians in such lands think of themselves as resembling the tiny Christian companies of 1M years ago. Tbey often have small sympathy with the elaborate theologies and liturgies that grew up in long centuries of European history. They ask explicitly that we not bother them with our denominational differences and theological systems. They consider it of small moment to be Methodist or Quaker; or Anglican. They are content to be Christian. And the vitality of their Christian life attests the validity of their emphasis. They may not be much concerned about the survival of Methodism as such: bat they make clear that Methodism has still much to contribute to the church universal. UNION APPROVED Dr. Ernest Long (left), general secretary of the United Church of Canada, shakes hands with Bishop R. H. Mueller of Indianapolis, presiding bishop of the Evangelical United Brethren Church, after the United Church General Council nnani- " mously approved onion with the Canada Conference of the EUB church in Waterloo, Ont. Monday. At centre is Rt Rev. Wilfr ed C. Lockhart, United Church moderator. (C-Jcwiwt wlraphoto) Dedication of Multi-Purpose Centre The dedication of "Arkell House" by the congregation of Britannia United Church will be held Sept. 18, at 3 p.m. Officiating at the service will be the minister, Rev. John R. Wayling and the Chairman of Ottawa Presbytery, Rev. Maurice E. Nemy. Arkell House, the former home of the late Mr. and Mrs. H. S. Arkell on Pinecrest Road, has been presented to the Britannia congregation by Miss Margaret Arkell, in memory of her parents. It has recently been renovated to meet fire regulations and will become a multi-purpose centre for the church and community. A work-shop has been installed in the basement for the use of boys' groups and part of the building will be used as a community service centre, including a used clothing depot. ( This summer the spacious grounds were the headquarters for a children's day camp operated by the Kairos Central Council. "The redecorating of the building, following the renovations was a real community effort," says Mr. Wayling. "For three months, the laymen of our congregation have been painting, sanding and varnishing each evening and on Saturdays." The teen-aged Hi-C group finished painting the basement last week. The late Mr. Herbert S. Arkell, M.A., B.S.A. was bom at Teeswater. Ont. In 1(80. He was a graduate of McMaster University and the Ontario Agricultural College in Guelph. Before coming to Ottawa be held teaching posts at Ohio State University. Macdonald College and the Ontario Agricultural College. In ISM be married the former Kate Mac-La urin of Vankleek HiU. a graduate in science from McMaster University. The ArkeDs bought the old Hughes homestead in 1911 and bulk the present building the following year. The propeity was originally part of a 200-acre United Empire Loyalist grant acquired in 1810 by Ira Honeywell. Bernard Hughes built the first fog house on the propeity about 1840. where the present Britannia United Church building stands. "My parents lived in the old Hughes home the first year tbey moved here," says Miss Arkell. During his years in Ottawa Mr. Arkell travelled extensively in Canada. Great Britain. Europe and South America as Canada's Dominion Livestock Commissioner. In HOT he was appointed by the Federal Minister Of Agriculture to make a detailed study of marketing and Agricultural policies la Europe and South America. The dairy farm, he operated with his son. Robert, at Britannia Heights, was a land mark to Ottawa west for nearly halt a century. The farm was sub-divided in 1057. Mrs. Arkell died In 1M4 and Mr. Arkell, tba folioxing year. Britannia United Church grew out of Methodist services ; held in the home of Ira Honey- f. wen. tne nrst settler in Ne- . pean Township. When the . . i. I ll J: .. . ' ed in 1874, Elkanah Honeywell. Ira's grandson was named a trustee. The congregation moved to ka present site on Pine-crest Road, adjacent to the Arkell home in 1M1. "Because of the historical significance of our congregation and of this property, k has been suggested, that we name the various rooms after pioneer families of the area," says Mr. Wayling. "Collecting pictures 1.1 ..npj.. f t 111-- for display may become part of a Centennial Project to furnish the house."