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March 19, 1836

The Pittsburgh Gazette from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 2

The Pittsburgh Gazette i
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
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Saturday, March 19, 1836
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PITTSBURGH, MARCH 19, 1835. Th Statx Tax - We publish to - day the no - tice of.'rta Secretary of the Commonwealth la relation to the State Tax of 1838. - Thie info'r. matioa U ery ; properly : proclaimed over the whole state, a we are informed that some of the2Masonie' Commissioners in eome ' of the eoontiee could not understand that the taxea for 1835 were not to be collected. Such was the caeerwiUi one of the Commissioners in bur own county. - ; e" . VATSoooiarnow - - - Ae an engineer will be em - ployed this Wmmer in surveying the rout of a railroad from fiew vasuo . - .r - : . Tthie road will follow the Conoquenessing, some twt. W occurred to ua which may be ira. . - nortanti . - . - - ' ' ' - ' '. n Thie proposed railroad would pass to the north ;'ofuf ay ftom 22 40 26 niles. Some'of the . branches i.uo vuwjbcuw.uh . (he Sewickly and Fine Creese; and we think it ferf probable that railroad, without an inclin - , - edi plane could - be constructed, eo as to come - directly to Pittsburgh, without going either to "s Beaver or Freeport Upon an examination of the. map, it will be seen that one branch of the ' Clonoquenessing takes a course which. would t answer our purposes exactly. . vr.Our proposition then is that an engineer be employed to examine the routs between the Con 'oquenessingi on one side the Sewickly and Lowry's Run, on the Ohio and Girty's Run ; and " Fine Creek, on the Allegheny Either of A these would grive us a very direct road to the - - Lake.; ' " ";'V "." . h Eoaca B. Tawt It will be seen that this man,' a i?o?rwn. Catholic, has been appointed and confirmed by.the Senate, the successor of - JbAn ' - Marshall, Chief lusties of the United States. 'n No doubt Martin Van Uuren, toe corresponaem .aid eulogist of the Pope, has been active in "7 bringing about this result. The conduct of Taney inremoving the deposits, against all law, i - and after' Mr.' Duane had refused to do it, af - - forded evidence that he is not a fit person for the eminent station to which he has been raised. Oaio - It will be seen by the extract which we . publish to - day from the Cleveland Herald, that the bill prohibiting the circulation of the notes ; of the new U. States Bank, in Ohio, has passed and become a law. - ' ' ' - ' We understand, however, that the section or j, portion imposing a penalty was previously stricken out. : Our legislature will, of couise, " retaliate. "" The effect of this legislation will be to drive . Ohio Bank paper entirely out of Penn - sylvania,' and to supply its place with our own. V ' Falsehoods Jacob B. Miller, the brother - in - law of James Todd, has recently made a great ' speech - great, for it occupied a whole page of " the Union town Democrat, In running our eyes , over it, we were struck with the following para. graph. " - ' "Under these circumstances, the sudden con. " version of this gentleman, (the editor of the r Times,) from open hostility to decided friend. Jt ship for Mr. Webster, excited alarm. The cdi ' tor of the .Pittsburgh Gazette, who is said to be a B.TLATIVK of Afr. Webtter", had taken early ground in hit favor The Gazette was then a Jtyhig paper, and several warm passages and hostile paragraphs were exchanged between the editors on the subject of his pretensions to the .Presidency." .. Surely Jacob B. Miller must have been the fabricator of this allegation, that the senior edi - r tor of the Pittsburgh Gazette "is a relative of " Mr. Webster." We never " heard such an inti - ,. mation from any other quarter. Come, howev. . er, from whence it may, whether he was the original manufacturer or only the utterer and " publisher of this "it is said." it is an utter false - S sr hood. So far from being & relative, we are scarcely an acquaintance of Mr. Webster. When he was in Pittsburgh we spent about ten minutes in his company, and although we spent eight or ten days in and about Boston, last summer, we never saw him iut once, and did not speak . to him at alL - "Our conduct, la supporting him, has been as ; disinterested and honest as any human action - can be. We supported him because we honest - ' ly believed him to be the fittest man in the coun - v try for the lofty station to which we wished to i a jo him elevated, and because we also, from pri - t rate information, knew him to be an Antimason. Again, Mr. Miller - says, "the Gazette was j known this to be entirely untrue. The editor . of the Gazette never was a. Whig, the Gazette ' never was a Whig paper. The bitterest contro - . Tersies the editor has ever been engaged in were with the Whigs, and during the very first summer after that party was formed here, the unprecedented occurrence took place of systemat ic meetings being held to assail and denounce Y ns. The Gazette a Whig paper, indeed: ,w.hy the Gazette never did support a Whig or natien - - 'al rep'obllcan candidate for any office. From ' "October, 1823, the Gazette has uniformly sup. . ported the Antimasonio candidates, . and has i never since supported any other. ' Extract o letter to the editors, dated IlAitaisBcaGir, March 15, lo3bV The Allerhenv Bridge bill, at the Northern .Liberties or Pittsburgh, was, this morning, ap - . proved by the Governor. Our friends mav make their arrangements then immediately for the construction of this important improvement K'tnunj u me Uorough of AUeghc - gheny a small strip of land on the shore of that . river ana tne utiio, has passed committee of the whole.; .Before it becomes a law, (if it should t receive the approbation. of the Legislature,) a V provision will be introduced, guarding a'hy vest. ed rights in individuals. - . .Yesterday the House of Representatives' pass. ed a resolution to adjouro on the 2d of ApriL to - meet on me imra nionaay oi may, lor me pur - r tpose of considering" the bills proposed by the ...Commissioners or the civil code, tne apportion . znent bill, private bills, and other public bills , that may be recommended by the Governor. The Senate, - this rooming, concorred. Your Senators and ' Representatives voted against the extra session. (We have never had so ardaous and responsible a session.) v; - e - i , The bill to incorporate a company for the erection of a Railroad from Pittsburgh to Con - cc"ivi:i3 rssed in the House, this morning, in r - :r..l:tee of the whole, with one amendment I - TEXASNo.. V.'; - . - maral tJecU of recognition vpon ? peopU MtrvggligftiMlePmel Mr. CIat observed that "the House had been asked, and asked with a triumph worthy of a better cause. Why recognize this republic' Where is the use of it? .And is it possible that gentlemen can' see no use in recognizing this republic? - For what did this republic fififbt? Certainly to be admitted Into the great family of nations! I ask my honorable friend before me. f Gen. Bloomfield,) with what anxious soli citude during our revolution he and his compatriots turned their eyes to Europe, and implor ed to be recognized? I ask him, the patriot' of '76, bow his heart rebounded with joy when we were recognized by France? , The moral influence of a recognition upon a struggling people is incalculable. It animates them to deeds ol still more glorious and chivalrous daring. The patriot will derive assurance from it of not bar ling fought in vain. He will derive assurance that there are hearts still suscepttDie or sensibility to human wrongs, and capable of sympathy for human sufferings. This will cheer and comfort, and sustain him amid all the vicissitudes of his glorious struggle. In the constitution of our natures there is a point to which adversity.may pursue us, without any other effect than - that of exciting new energy to meet it. - Having reached that point, if no gleam of comfort break through the gloom, we sin do - neath tho pressure, yielding reluctantly to our fate, and, in hopeless despair, lose all stimulus te further exertion. Gentlemen are afraid that our recognition of this republic will offend the Holy Alliance, and will seem like taking sides with ihesa strollers for liberty. For my part, I wish onenlv and boldlv to threw our tribute of rrmn&thv for their sufferings, and ef indigna - ffnn lit their wrongs, into the vast stream of public opinion. I wish to convince the Holy Alliance and the world that oar entire political fabric, base, column, and 'entablature, that our rulers and people, with heart, soul, mind, and strength, are all on the side of lib2rty, no matter in what corner of the earth it may be combating' oppression." I will close this number of Curtius with the eloquent conclusion of Mr. Clay's speech on the Greek question, adapting it, as I go along, to the case of Texas. "What appearance on the pags of history, continued Mr. Clay, would a record like the following exhibit? In the year of our Lord, 1836, while the whole people of the United States teere tpontaneouely expressing their deep toned feeling, and by one simultantous emotion teere lising, and solemnly and anxiously suppli' eating high heaven to spare and succor Texas, and to invigorate her arms in her glorious cause.; while temples and senate houses were alike resounding with one burst of generous and holy sympathy, a proposition was made in Congress, the sole, the last, the greatest depository of human hope and human freedom, to recognize the independence of Texas; and although that people had been long and unconstitutionally and grievously oppressed, although they had heroically exvelled their enemies from their soil, and al though they were endeared to us by the ties of kindred and former Jellow citxxtnsMp, yet tnis proposition was rejected! Go home if you can, go home if you dare, to your constituents, and tell them that you voted it down. Meet if you can their appalling countenances, and tell them that you shrank from your duty; that some unknown dread, some undefinable danger, drove you from your purpose, and that you suppre sed all the noble feelings, prompted by religion, by liberty, and by humanity . 3 CURTIUS. LEGISLATURE OF PENNSYLVANIA. HOUSE OF KEPRIStNTATTVES BILL. Friday, March II. The Convention Bill again came up - the question was upon transcribing the bijl for a third reading. Mr. Cox moved that the bill be referred to a select committee, to consist of seven members; to which Mr. Walker moved an amendment, that the House go into committee of the whole on the bill. Mr. Cox was in favor of a select committee. If the House went into committee of the whole, the bill would have to undergo a long discussion, to the great consumption of the time of the House, and the great probability that none of the amendments would be agreed to, wben a select committee could propose amendments and would not consume the time of the House. He considered it altogether the preferable course. Mr. Walker was indifferent whether his motion carried or not He was in favor of a change in the time for electing delegates. The question war, which was the best way to get at the amendments. He thought it could be best done in committee of the whole. Besides, if the select committee was appointed, and it proposed amendments, the House would be delayed by discussions, for some of the gentlemen would probably not be satisfied with them, and would move to go into committee of the whole to succeed ia securing their views. But he felt pretty much indifferent on the subject Mr. Woodward opposed both propositions. Mr. Scott had said before that the time had not yet arrived to refer the bill; but he believ ed it had now arrived, and he should vote to re fer the bill to a select committee. Mr. Walker's amendment was lost without a division. . Mr. Bidlack opposed a reference. He consid ered it would be a useless consumption of tiror and that by it, no advance would be made with tbe bill. On the sug - p - estion of Mr. McGiffin, Mr. Cox modified his motion, "that the committee re port on Monday next" Mr. Walker should vote for the motion as it now existed. He was satisfied his constituents were not pleased with the bill as it now stood and he would take any proper steps to amend it Mr. Woodward asked, "'what would be the stage of the bill when the committee reported? The Speaker said it would take its present place. and stand where it now stands. Mr W. said then he should vote against the motion. He preferred a committee of the whole., He did not wish to trust it all to a small committee, where a majority of the members would not have the control of it . , Mr. McClure spoke at length against tbe mo tion. He considered it should be acted upon speedily, as the people demanded. They would consider, that the design of the House was to name their wishes. It bad also been elaborate lr discussed in all its provisions, and he saw no necessity for amendments. - - ' s , , The vote was then taken, and decided as fol lows: - ' : .. ' Yeas. Messrs. Atkinson, Brooke, Backman, Carson, Clarke, Comly, Cow en, . Cox, Davies, Emmert Ewinr, Gebhart, Gilbert, Graham, Harrison, Harshe, Hubbel, Hatchison of Che ter, Kauffman,' Kennedy, Kirk, D. Krause, J. Krause, McCarty, M'Connell, M'Donald, M'Gif - fin. M'Sherry," Mayer, Mendenhall, - Metzgar, Miller, Montelius, Myer, Neal, Nesbitt, Oliver, Parker, Patterson, Keed, Kiegel, fccnall, Scott, G. W. Smith, Stevens, Stihson, Stahr, Taylor, Thomson, Tngn, Wagner, Walker Allegheny, iiv , me?? J Jt - t waiaer trie, Watson, waus, auaaieswarw, Speaker. 57. . ' - JVay. Messrs, Bidlack, Brinjrhurst, Bullock, Burson, Conrad, Curran, Derr, Dewart, Doug lass, x - erguson. Gamble, Garretson, Hall, Has - on. Hill, Hottenstein, Huston, of Northampton, Jackson, Jones, MTSelland, M'Clnre, Rinebart, Sheetz, J. B. Smith, T. S. Smith, Stouffer, Stout, Teggart, Ulricb, Woodward, Workv 22. So tbe question was determined in tbe affirmative, ' - - i - y r - ., : - The Speaker then appointed the following cetn - mittee: a,; . ." - '? - - ' ; Messrs. Cox, MtHelland. Walker, of ErieT. & Sm.'t'i, Atkinign, Nesbitt, and UJricb. V iToKJaf, March 14, 1836V Committee ef the whole, Mr. Kelly in the chair. , f - On the act o altar the charter of the Pennsylvania and Ohio canal company. Reported withoat amendment " ' - r"v - - . - - Mr. Leet in the ehair. .: - . . , , - . On tbe act to incorporate a company for making a bridge over the Alleghany river, at the foot of Hand street, Pittsburgh, in the - county of. Alleghany. Reported with amendments. Mr. Irwin in the chair. : On the act authorizing the survey of a rail, road from Samuel Hill's, near Laugnlinstown, to Pittsburgh. Reported without amendment . . Adjourned. Bocsic or axnzsraTATivzs. . Monday, March 14, 1836. Mr. Reed offered a resolution to appoint a select committee to inquire into tbe expediency of increasing tbe number of clerks in the office of Secretary, of the commonwealth. He said he did this on account of the great increase of business in that office since the - passage of the School Law; and because the business is much in the rear, and unfinished, and was so when the present Secretary - took possession. Laid on the table. ' Mr. Walker of Allegheny, from the commit tee on corporations, reported a bill to Incorpor ate the Mansion House Hotel in the city of Pittsburgh. . . TWENTY - FOURTH CONGRESS. I If 8 XT ATX, Monday, March 14. Mr. Ewing, pursuant to notice, moved the Senate to take up the bill to provide for a distribution of the proeeeds of tbe public lands, i - . Mr. Buchanan moved that the Senate proceed to the consideration of Executive business, for the purpose of acting on some of the communications which had been for snch a long time waiting for the action of the Senate. After some short discussion between Mr. Ew - ing, Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Benton, the question on Mri Ewing's motion was taken by yeas and nays, and decided in the negative, as follows: Yeas Messrs. Calhoun, Clay, Clayton, Crit tenden, Davis, Ewing, (Ohio,) Hendricks,Knight, Leigh, McKtan, Man gum, Naudain, Porter, Prentiss, Preston, Robbins, Southard, Swift, Toralinson, Webster. 20. v Nays Messrs. Benton, Black, Brown, Jtucha - nas,l - uthbert, Ewing, (Illinois,) Grundy, Hill, Hubbard, King, (Ala.) King, (Ga.) Linn, Moore, Morris, Nicholas, Niles, Rives, Ruggles, Shcp - ley, Tallmadge, Tipton, Walker, Wall, White, Wright 26. Tuesday, March 15. Mr. Ewinff, of Ohio. moved tne cenate to take up the bill to author. Ise tbe distribution of the proceeds of the public lands. Ate. r Mr. Buchanan expressed a hope that the Senate would proceed to the consideration of exe cutive business. , Mr Ewing called for the yeas and nays on the question; which wsre ordered; and, after a fewwords from Mr. Benton, Mr. Ewing, and Mr. Black, the question was taken, and decid ed as follows: Yeas Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Clay. Clay ton, Crittenden, Davis, Ewing of Ohio, Golds - borough, Hendrickc, Kent, Knight, Leigh, Mc - Kean, Mangum, Naudain, Porter, Prentiss, Preston, Robbins, Southard, Swi.t, Toinlinson, Webster, Wbtfe 24. - Nays Messrs. Benton, Brown, Buchanan Cuthbert, Ewing, of Illinois, Grundy, Hill, Hubbard, King, of Alabama, King, of Georgia, unn, morris, iwcnoias, nues, Kives, Kobinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Tallmadge, Tipton, Walker, wail, wright. VJ. So tbe Senate determined to lake up the bill. Air. .wmg, ot unio, then addressed the Se nate at length on the character and merits of the bill, going at large into a variety of inter esting statements and views of the Finances of tbe country confirmatory of those which he made a tew days ago on the same subiect About half past 2, Mr. Ewing, being exhaust ea, gave way, and Mr. Southard moved that the Senate adionrn Mr. Buchanan moved to postpone the further consideration of the bill until to - morrow, but Mr. Ewing refused to yield the floor for such motion. He said he was willing to yield to an informal motion, which would leave the question in the situation in which he left it, to be resumed as a matter of course. This might be done oy unanimous consent - Mr. Buchanan expressed his willingness. Mr. Benton. I wish to be excluded from any sucn consent. Mr. Ewing then resumed his remarks. At 3 o'clock Mr. Naudain moved that the Se nate now adjourn. The yeas and nays were asked by Mr. Ben ton, snd were ordered. The question was then taken, and decided in the negative, as follows: Yeoe Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Clay. Cntten den, Davis, Ewing, of Ohio, Hendricks, Knight, Ligh, Alangum, Moore, .Naudain, Forter. Prcn tiss, Robbins, Swift, Tomlinson, Webster, White, Nays Messrs. Benton, Brown. Buchanan. Cuthbert, Ewin, of Illinois, Grundy, Hill, Hubbard, King, of Alabama, King, of Georgia, Linn, McKean, Morris, Nicholas, Rives, Robin son, Kuggles, Shepley, Tallmadge, Walker, Wall, Wright 22. , A few minutes afterwards the motion was re newed to adourn, and again decided in the ne gative yeas 20, nays 26. On motion of Mr. Preston, the further con sideration of the subject was postponed until to morrow; and - On motion of Mr. Buchanan, the Senate pro ceeded to the consideration of executive bust ness; alter which, The Senate adjourned. Jt appears from a number of affidavits pub lished in the Natchez papers, that Robert J. Walker, Esq., the new Senator from Mississippi, is a citizen" of Louisiana, and therefore constitutionally ineligible as a Senator for the former state. - . . V - . We understand that the following Nominations, which have been for some time before the Senate of the United States, were yesterday confirmed by that body viz. . Roger B. Taney, to be Chief Justice of the United States. - ' . Philip P. Barbour, to be an Associate Judge of the United States. ' Amos Kendall, to be Postmaster General of the United States. NaU Intel. ' - . . We do not koow the extent of the means of information of the , writer of the letter . from which the following is extracted, and. therefore can only say of it that the letter is authentical ly what it purports to be, and roust be judged of by tbe lights which tile reader's own mind and memory afibrdi , 5 . , ' " - Extract of a letter from m private gentleman at Paris, dated January 23. 1836. ' " France has . declared, bv her Chamber of uepuuea, that tbe Nationality of Found must be preserved; that the equilibrium of Europe must be restored: that ther are pleased at the close intimacy with England, and that they hope the mediation of Entrland will be able to settle, the affair with us, to the honor of two great nations: all which means to eay to the King, form an offensive and defensive alliance with Great Britain, demand from the Emperor of Russia the observance of the treaty ef Vi enna; if he refuses it, execute it by force of arms; pay the United States the money, and - we - are satisfied.. That thie will be the case, that there will be a war with Russia before tbe year expires, is just as sure a that the world will last tbatlorjg., x'f - ?.:yt . 7 , TEMPORARY ADJOUSJfJlENT OF THE ".' LEGISLATURE. ' : The resolution for the , adjournment of the Legislature, that bad passed the Senate, was taken up and passed by the House yesterday, so amended as to adjourn from the 2d of April to the 17th of May. It is thought that tbe amendment will be concurred in by the" Senate." The reasons urged in favor of an adjournment are, that it wiU be impossible to get thro the business before tbe Legislature, and pass the apportionment bill, before a late day in April, should they progress as rapidly as could be expected. ' - Besides this, the Legislature is not prepared yet to act on the apportionment bill, for the want of some important information, and the Farmers in both Houses, who have been confined here from their homes, one of tbe severest winters for many years, feel a great anxiety to see their families and farms. . It is believed that a temporary adjournment will rather have a tendency to diminish than to increase tbe expenses of the Legislature. We reeetleqt that in 1832, when an extra session was held to district the state, the Legislature did more business in three weeks than it had done at the regular session in six. Should the adjournment take place, that has been agreed upon by the House, we presume that it will be advantageous to numerous private bills that cannot be acted upon otherwise. Tbe present session of the Legislature has thus far been "one of unusual interest, and extremely laborious. Questions of great import ance have been agitated and acted upon; and two important subjects are yet untouched. These are the apportionment bill and the revised code. The extra session will be devoted to these subjects. Har. Tel. STATE TAX. By an advertisement in to - day's paper, it will be seen that tbe holders of duplicates, or collectors, are instructed not to collect the State Tax laid on the assessment of 1836. Should any of them attempt to do so, the people are informed officially, that they have no power or authority, whatever, as the tax is REPEALED. We understand that tbe Commissioners in some counties, notwithstanding the passage of the law repealing the Tax, have ordered the Collectors to demand it Without commenting upon such conduct as it deserves official con - duet which would make them liable to prosecution and indictment probably we would merely remark, that if any of the Masonic Tax party are so fearful of being bribed, as to be determined to make the Collector take tbe amount of their State Tax, we presume that it wouleVbe well received by the friends of education, placed in the common school fund, as the State no Ioncer needs it under the KtfUKM Au MINISTRATION iar. Tel. We understand, says the Alexandria Gazette that the subiect of the purchase of Texas from the Mexican Government is under considers tion with the Executive. It is confidently be lieved by many, that the President and tbe Cabinet are in favor of the measure, and will recommend it to Congress Paulson. D 210 Pittsburgh Wagons passed over the Columbia Pa. Bridge during the week ending Mondav the 7th averaein? 30 per day. Foul son. ' Ohio Legislature. The Legislature of Ohio adjourned, agreeably to a previous resolution on Monday last. Some of the members from this section have already arrived. We are pleased to learn that all the Rail Road bills in this part of the State have passed both branches of the Legislature. In eddition to the bills in corporating tbe Ohio Rail Road Comvanv. the 'Akron and Perry sburg, and the Cleveland and Warren Rail Road Companies, whose passage we announced: some days since, we are grati fied to learn, that the Cleveland and Cincinnati; and the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Rail Road bills, received the sanction of both branches before the adjournment The amend ment, making Mansfield a point, was re - consid ered, and . finally stricken out 1 be "goldibus bill," as it is familiarly termed, introduced by Mr. Crouse, prohibiting the establishment of branches or agencies in this state, was finally. after various amendments, passed, to the disgrace of the State, and to the infamy of an im becile Legislature. We cannot say, however. that we are surprised at the passage of this bill; for, after the recklessness whicb has been ex nibited this winter, we cannot say that we are surprised at any tiling, unless it was the failure of the bill ousting the State Printer from bis office. Cleveland Herald. It is somewhat remarkable that while we no tice in a late London paper the death of a sister of Major Andre, aged 81, there subsequently occurred in Uxbridge, (Mass.) reb. 14th, the death of Sarah, relict of Benedict Arnold, aged SJ. - ISaU.Amer. The New Orleans Bee mentions that the U S. district attorney, Mr. Carle ton, has instituted a suit against General Jose Antonio Mehia, for fit ting out and forwarding an expedition from that port to Tamptco, against tbe Mexican govern ment; and that the latter has been for the pre sent liberated on giving aoUUU bail lor bis ap pearance in the federal dutrict Court there, on the 3d Monday in May next Bait. Amer. The city and the Railroad passage of the three millions subscription law. We heartily congratulate our fellow - citizens on the passage, by both branches of tbe City Council, yesterday afternoon, of the Resolution directing the May or to subscribe for three millions of the stock of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. Bait. Amer. Ice in Calcutta. It - appears that the enter prising yankees having given these East Indians a taste of the luxury of ice, (we wish they would disburthen us of some of it now,) they are not in a humor to forego this delightful gratification to the palate, on a hot summer's day. By an ar rival at Philadelphia, from Calcutta, we learn the citizens there have have had a town meeting - o provide means of purchasing of Mr. Tudor, whatever quantity he should send out and to construct such ice houses, or ice - go - downs as they call them, as may be suitable to receive and preserve this precious commodity. Baltimore American. A whole family found frozen to death! - The Haverstraw Tunes, of yesterday, rives tbe ap palling details of a most melancholy event in the vicinity ot mat town, ua Saturday last, as a person had made bis way into the mountains, which hare been inaccessible until the late mo derate weather, he found, after passing the Orange county line, a man in a sitting postnre near a cabin. ' On approaching him, it was discovered that be was frozen to death, with a wooden shovel in bis bands, with whicb he had evidently been laboring toopen a passage from bis enow - bound cabin. The traveler then entered tbe cabin, and found on the floor the fro zen bodies of a middle aged woman and two children. ' Tbe neighbors were then raised the nearest living at tbe distance of a mile and a half and upon examining the house, it was found that every particle of food and fuel had been exhausted, and the whole family, without doubt, had fallen victims to the combined horrors of cold and bunrer. The father was pro bably endeavoring to make his way to a pue of wou s uius .oisiancs. ua pcrisaea in voe t . l - . . t j. . 1 X ; midst of the attempt . - 1 ' The Times describee the ruSenngs of .tbe poor people in the mountains, now first revealed by the riving way of the enow, as being of the meet intense description Ni Y.Amer, v Pennsylvania mf dXcUlio - - - Vnxa tha Globe, that "fourth department, of the Government," first had the audacity, to interfere with tbe local legislation of Pennsylvania, we felt assured that its interference would open the eyes of the in dependent people of that State, to the "screw and lever" principle of party management, by which they were to be made subservient to the interests and views of the great Albany dictator. We have not been deceived. 1 Every mail brings us fresh evidence of the indignant feelings which have been aroused by the arrogant tone, which this mouth piece of a party has dared to assume towards a sovereign and independent State. Marty circumstances had combined to tender the Van Buren collar galling in the extreme to the people of Pennsylvania, and it only wanted one of those daring acts of effrontery, for which the Globe and its masters are celebrated, to loosen the rivets, and make, the collar fall at once and forever from the Key Stone State. That act has been perpetrated the Rubicon has been passed, and Pennsylvania has been spurred and lashed by ber hair - brained riders, until she has taken the bit in her mouth, and has broken tree from the party traces, never again to be subject to the yoke. Washington Sun.' Important Invention. Mr. William Keane.of Haverstraw, has. In conjunction with Mr. Tbad - deus Selleck, obtained letters patent for a machine for cutting screws, which probably excels any thing of the kind, now in use in Europe or America. The principle ef the machine consists in circular dies, which have a motion to wards each other, while, at the same time, they make upwards of 500 revolutions a minute. These dies receive the screw at the top of a cast iron pot in which they are secured, and when it obtains its proper thread, it' is thrown off by means of an inner spindle, and another instant ly takes its place, the dies preserving their usu - - al velocity, without changing their rotary motion. - The saving of screws is another important consideration in favor of these machines, as it is difficult to spoil one upon them. Their construction is simple, and we understand that one, containing four sets of dies, and upon which a boy can turn off thirty gross per day, can be built at a cost not exceeding $150. They are now in operation at Selleck Sc Keane's Screw Factory, at Samsondale, in this town. N. River Times. Mr. Fox, His Britannic Majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary to the United States, arrived at the seat of Government on Sunday evening last, in the Railioad Line from Baltimore. Nat. InteL, March 1 6. New York Canals The - Commissioners uf the New York Canal Fund made their annual report to the Legislature of that State on Tuesday last, from which it appears that the following aggregate tolls have been received on the several Canals, during the past navigable sea. son: Tolls on the Erie Canal, $1,375,821 26 " Champlain Canal, 116,13110 Oswego Canal, 29,180 62 " Cayuga & Seneca Canal, 20,430 14 Chemung Canal, 4,714 98 Crooked Lake Canal, 1,830 55 The grand total of tolls on these Canals is $1,548,108 65 which is about 200,000 dollars more than the tolls of the previous season. Bait. Pat. From the Jamaica (L. I.) Farmer. Aborigines. At the time of its first' settlement by the whites, this Island was occupied by thirteen tribes of Indians, viz: the Canarse, the Rockaway, the Merikoke, the Marsapeague, the Secatogue, and the Patchogue, on the south side the Matinecoc, the Nissaquague, the Se - tauket, and the Corchaug, on the north side the Shinecoc, the Manhansct, and the Montauk, from the Canoe Place to Montauk Point Of these, the Montauks were tbe most numerous and warlike, and exercise a kind of sovereignty over the others, all of whom they had over ran and reduced to tributaries. These tribes, we believe, are now all extinct with the exception of the Montauks, 15 or 20 of whom reside on a promontary at the east part of the Island, called Montauk Foint I bey sub sist by fishing and cultivating a little land are extremely indolent, and of a melancholy and de sponding turn of mind, no doubt induced by the contemplation of their former strength and their present weakness, and the evidently near ap proach of their final extinction; reflections well calculated to awaken sad thoughts and pensive musings in their desolate situation. In the his. tory of the ascendancy and declension of these tribes, the pen of the sentimentalist might - find ample materials for an interesting romance. The Senate of the United States. We hope tbe letters of Messrs. Tyler and Leigh of Yir ginia, which we publish to - day, will be general ly read. It is not to be disguised that Virginia is tbe mother of the fatal error, as we deem it, in con stitutional practice, which holds - that a Senator of the United States can be peremptorily mstruc ted by his constituents, that is to say, that be must either obey or resign. To our under standing, there is no position plainer, than that this practice overthrows the basis upon which the Senate of the United States was deliberate - lr onrmized that of greater stability than ei ther the House of Representatives or the Executive. The end and aim of this organization were, that in times of difficulty and excitement the Senate might maintain the Constitution alike against temporary extravagance of error on the part of the people's immediate representatives in the House, and the usurpations or undue pre ponderance of Executive pewer. This extreme pretension is indeed combated with great abili ty in Mr. Leigh a letter, and shown to be in opposition to the preamble and resolutions of 1812, drawn up by himself; but the moment thator ny purpose, a Senator can be instructed, and obedience be expected as of right, the theory of tbe Constitution, as to the office of Senator, seems to us set aside. We have not room, how - ever, to pursue these remarks; but we cannot close without saying, that if Virginia be not wholly degraded and corrupted by Albany polil tics, she will honor the manliness, the high spi. rit and patriotic devotion of Mr. Xieigb, as ex. emplified by his course on this subject even though she disapprove his doctrines N. York American. The Bible A small pamphlet has been pub lished at Providenceentitled. "Testimony of Washington and of the Congress of 1776, in fa vor of the special Providence of God, and the Bible." The follow mg is an extract - ?In those days of peril, and when all inter course with the parent nation was cut off; and the advantages for printing in this country small. Bibles were in great demand. - in 1777, Congress answered a memorial, cy appointing a Committee to advise as to tne printing of an edition of 30,000 Bibles. The committee, finding it so difficult to obtain oaoer and trees, recommended Congrese The use of the Bible beinr so universal, and its importance so groat, to direct the Committee of Commerce to import at the expense oi iongress, 20,000 English Bibles from Holland, Scotland, or elsewhere, into the different ports - of the States of the Union;" and Congress ordered the importation! "7 - In 1781. "wben, from toe circumstances of the war, an English Bible could not bs import ed, and no opinion could be formed bow long the obstruction might continue, the subject of printing tbe Bible was again presented to Con gress, and by them referred to a committee of three. ' This committee reported in 1782, recommending to Congress an edition printed by Robert Aiken, of Philadelphia. Whereupon it was Resolved, That the United States in Coo - greea assembled, highly approve tfc ptas ami laudable undertaking, as subservient totha in terests of religion, and being satisfied of the cars) and accuracy in tbe execution of the work, recommend this edition of the Bible te the fr"K - ants of the United States. How interesting is such a history f eve of the earliest' impressions of the' Holy Bible - W English, in these United States. What moral sublimity in the fact, as it stands im perish ably filed in the archives of our national council, in the records of the Congress of 1782. What an" mr - t ; mnaidered in reference to tK U.i;.. of God in our behalf at the time of ear nation s perils! A fact which should be remembered, snd told to every child and every young man in the nation, at a day when many of the rulers, and the ruled too, would fain despise the book their fathers, nay, the chief mea of the nation, honored. Bali. Amur. From Paulson's American Daily Advertiser. THE ALLIANCE OF NATIONS IN PEACE. raou xaaMOEa. Insatiate War his bloody wings unfurled, . . And fled tbe fields his demon bands had torn. And heaven born Peace descended . oa the world. Flinging around her flowers and ears of corn, Oh! said the Goddess, "hear, ye nations bear; America and Europe, all contending lands. Form an alliance holy and sincere. And join, join bands! "Oh, man! poor lump of sanguinary clay. Open your eyes, and be no longer blind; . . Why should ye .rage and kill each other, say 7 Because some tyrant thinks bis realm confined? Why, when he mounts his chariot, should ye cheer, - - - " E'en tho' its hot wheels crush the obvious lands? Form an alliance holv and sincere. . And join, join hands! wLo 'mong the corn, now bruis'd and trampTd down. Ten thousand soldiers breathed their dying groans. And at each border fort and frontier town The barren soil grows rich with human bones! The lurid war torch, blazing far and near. Has filled with terror all the suffering lands; Form an alliance holy and sincere. And join, join bands. "Should millions perish in their cursed strife, Still despots think their victories cheaply won; - .. ' What do tbey care for wasting human lifeT They gain a battle, and the thing is doner Then up to heaven their haughty beads tbey rear. And prate of glory to tbe bleeding land; Form an alliance holy and sincere. And join, join hands. "Wy should their glory, founded on our wo, " Dazzle your eyes and yoke you to the car? Are ye the gainers by their warlike show? Fools that ye're been, short sighted that ye are! Why should these tyrants trouble thus your ' sphere, And with their quarrels decimate U e lands? Form an alliance holy and sincere, . And join, join hands. "Yes, free and happy let the world repose rm . i .a ii .1 oiieainea do tne swora ana ne tne cannon dumb; : " And let the memory of your former woes Make you in the wiser in the days to come. Then shall ripe corn fields all your labors cheer, And the red vintage gladden all the lands; Form an alliance holy and sincere. And join, join hands. Thus to the nations spoke the Seraph Peace The harvest ripened and tbe rich corn grew; Men . bade their struggles and their warfare - cease, And youths and maidens danced vpon the dew! Then hear, ye nations, hear, ye people, hear! Freedom and wealth shall gladden all Jeur lands, When that alliance, holy and sincere. Has joined your hands! MARRIED, On Thursday, 17th instant, by the Bey. M. Simpson, Mr. ALEXANDER M'DONALD, ef this city, to Miss ANNE LINN, daughter of Mr. Robert Linn, of Sewickly Bottom. On Thursday evening, 17tb inst, by the Rev. Mr. McCandless, Mr. D. KING, of Allegeny - town, to Miss HARRIET, daughter of James Evens, Esq., of McKeesport DIED, At Havana, (Island of Cuba,) on Sunday, the 20th Feb., of a pulmonary illness, M. S. LOW - RIE, Esq, of Butler County. It may be satisfactory to his friends, te be informed that he was attended by a friend from Pennsylvania, for the last three weeks of bis illness, who had his effect taken charge of, and made arrangements for the same being sent to tho United States. G.M. Jr. PORT OF PITTSBURGH. arvxa 8 rxrr asovx low warn suae aaarvAta March 18. Robert Emmeti, Dobbins, Louis - ville 30 bhds sugar; 22 boxes tobacco; 25 boxes segars. Hunter, SJUne, Louisville. DZPASTVaZS. March 19. Cuba, Ireland, Louisville; Washington, PenncI, do . M Dayton, Stone, St Louis. - i roar. March 19. St. Lawrence. Caledonia, Ga zelle, - Algonquin, Roanoke, Detroit, Hunter Jlo - bert Emmett - .i' . LIST OF ARRIVALS , AT TBI rOlXOWIHO HOTKLS, IN THIS CTTT, WB TVJS 24 BOOKS ENDUfO THIS BtOaBTIWO, 7 O'CXOCX. , . - - . ' - - 1 Exchawoi Horn. J a was C soma a. J Lorence. Williamsport; T S Minor, Clarks - villc; R M Henderson, Mt CarmeL Ky; J F Bo - man, - Richmond, Ky; W Hogan, Georgetown; A D Taylor, Chicago; S B Harris, Oenevs, W x; W Wilson, Williamspurt; J L Reynolds, Mas. sillon, O; E L Fee, Welhrville, O; E B Mills, Ky; W A Withers, Cyuthiana, Ky. A G Ew - ing, A M'Vay, Bethany, O; J B MVay, West Middle ton. - - Pitts stra on Hottx C. M'Kissia - C Miller, O; W L Ewing. Vincennee; R Mor - lan, Fallston; G S Hougb, Ravenna; B S Fitch, K Msrshild. Poland, O: H Vandoren. Wheel ing; H Williams, Ky; N R Ladd, Ala; W WeoJ - dridge, Tenn; D R CerrolL A W ManeeU, T J Jones, E W.TVTCord, Ala; JU Kooy.n x; aussj Reman, St Louis; W Dixon, Poland; W Meant, N Y; S Vancook. W Red dick, Brevneville; Mr Dean and lady, Mr Treat and lady, Uise Harvey, Mrs Marsh, Emmettsborgh; J Vlckery, Florence; W Hogg, "Brownsville; D llogjr. S Mitchell, Tenn; G Bostwick, Ravenna, O; E If Dillon, "Steuben ville; II Gunn, FortSTnoutn, OS D Harbaogh, Maryland; J Allison and lady. Miss Allison, Samuel P Evana, Oscar Ewans, Beaver. - . . : HAjnjo - f Uovrt U. WxATxa J Rowe, Wetnmpkaj C EreckbUl, O; J Coca - L y i