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SEPT. 10,1890 THE COLONIES AND INDIA 21* Professor Jowett, Sir George Baden-Powell, and many others also appear on the list of private donors. The various Government Departments, especially the Foreign Office and Colonial Office, make valuable gifts, and specially appropriate are their own publication presented by a long list] of learned societies. Several publishers make very generous contributions, while the Universities, especially the mother Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, make extensive contributions. The movement is far from complete yet, but its success is more than could have been anticipated, and it is understood that specially good results have followed correspondence with foreign Governments and learned societies, and that altogether the Toronto University will have cause for the greatest gratitude to the Mother Country for the practical shape her sympathy has taken, by means of the committee, which was the happy thought of Sir George Baden-Powell, and which has worked so successfully tinder the guidance of the Marquis of Lome and his executive committee. AFFAIRS IN SAMOA. According to latest advices from Samoa, the condition of affairs in that much-disturbed group is anything but satisfactory, chiefly owing to the inordinate delay which has taken place in bringing the new administrative arrangements agreed upon at the recent Anglo-American-German Conference into operation in the islands. There are many among the European settlers, as well as a large section of the Samoan population, who view the proposed new regime with anything but favour, and the long interval which has been allowed to elapse between the signing of the agreement and the adoption of its terms has, of course, afforded these malcontents abundant opportunity to stir up discord and create dissatisfaction among the people. The selection of a Chief Justice for the islands, which was left in the hands of the King of Sweden and Norway, has also been rather unfortunate, although, perhaps, there is little to be said against the character or ability of the judge, Mr. Conrad Cederkrantz. This gentleman is a Swede, and has held the post of Assistant Judge in Stockholm, so that, judicially speaking, he probably possesses a fair amount of experience to aid him in his new position. The great difficulty with him, however, is that he knows absolutely nothing about Samoa or its people, and it must of necessity take him a considerable time after he lands in Apia to get what the Americans call "the hang of things." As a Swede, he will find himself an absolute foreigner in a community which is made up of Samoan, English, German, and American people. The King of Sweden was very ill-advised in selecting Mr. Cederkrantz for the post, and, in fact, it was a great mistake in the first instance to put such a piece of patronage in His Majesty's hands at all. This matter of the judgeship seems the one most likely to lead to early trouble again in Samoa. Through the war with the Germans, and the confusion which followed, a good deal of litigation has been engendered. All of this, with many important cases which were sub judice when the trouble broke out at Apia, had to be hung up to await the opening of the courts under the new Administration. The litigants are already clamouring loudly, and the majority of them feel that their cases'must, of necessity, come in for very slipshod treatment at the hands of the new judge, if he really ever does go to Apia. Another serious difficulty has been occasioned by the party dissensions among the natives. Tamasese, the nominee of the Germans for the throne before the war, still has a not inconsiderable personal following, it seems ;$while Mataafa, the gallant loyalist who fought Tamasese and the Germans so successfully after the deportation of King Malietoa from Samoa, has also numerous influential adherents who believe that he ought to be on the throne in Malietoa's place. The King, of course, has his following, too, and now, in the absence of any substantial governing authority, the leaders of each of the three parties appear to be conniving and scheming in every possible way to get the upper hand. It is obvious that, unless the arrangements agreed upon at the Berlin Conference last year for the regulation of affairs in the island are put into operation aoon, there is likely to be some more bother in Samoa. This is greatly to be regretted, after all the trouble that has been taken in the matter. APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS. (From the " London Gazette," Friday, September 5.) DOWNING STREET, SEPTEMBER 3. The Queen • has been pleased to appoint Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson, G.C.M.G., to be Governor and Commander-in- Chief of the Colony of Western Australia and its dependencies. SEPTEMBER 4. The Queen has been pleased to give directions for the appointment of Duncan MacDonald, Esq., to be an Unofficial Member of the Legislative Council of the Island of Saint Vincent. (From the " London Gazette" Tuesday\ September 9.) FOREIGN OFFICE, SEPTEMBER 8. The Queen has been pleased to approve of Mr. John Oldham as Consul at Melbourne for Servia ; Mr. Manuel Rodriguez Escudero as Vice-Consul at Hong Kong, for Spain. DOWNING STREET, SEPTEMBER 6. The Queen has been pleased to give directions for the appointment of Lieut.-Colonel Ed ward Bowater Mclnnis, C.M.G., Commandant of the Volunteer Forces of the Colony of Trinidad, to be a Member of the Executive Council of that Colony. WAR OFFICE, PALL MALL, SEPTEMBER 9. Line Battalions. The Royal Warwickshire Regiment.—Second-Lieutenant Frank B. Hill has been seconded for service with the Indian Staff Corps. The King's (Liverpool Regiment).—Second-Lieutenant (now Lieutenant) Benya B. Blakeway has been seconded for service with the Indian Staff Corps. The Devonshire Regiment.—The undermentioned Second-Lieutenants to be Lieutenants:—E. C. Rowcroft, Probationer, Indian Staff Corps, vice H. N. Sargent, seconded; E. E. Bernard, to complete establishment. Second-Lieutenant Percy E. Ricketts has been seconded for service with the Indian Staff Corp3. The York and Lancaster Regiment.—The promotion to the rank of Lieutenant of Second-Lieut. C. J. Gunning is cancelled, he having been transferred to the Indian Staff Corps with an anterior date. Memorandum. Deputy Surgeon-General William Walker, M.D, Retired List, Bengal Medical Department, to be Honorary Physician to the Queen, vice Surgeon-General F. F. Allen, C.B., deceased. Indian Staff Corps. General Thomas Wright, C.B., Bengal, has been transferred to the Unemployed Supernumerary List. Lieut.-General Sir Peter Stark Lumsden, G.C.B., C.S.I., Bengal, to be General. Major-General Reginald Quintin Mainwaring, Madras, to be Lieutenant-General. Colonel William Henry Whitlock, Madras, to be Major-General. The undermentioned Lieutenant-Generals to be Generals on the Unemployed Supernumerary List:—George Cliffe Hatch, C.S.I., Bengal; Augustus Henry Ternan, Bengal; Sir Campbell Claye Grant Ross, K.C.B., Bengal. The undermentioned Major-Generals to be Lieutenant-Generals on the Unemployed Supernumerary List:—Howard Codrington Dowker, C.B., Madras; Mangles James Brander, Bengal; James Michael, C.S.L, Madras; Samuel Black, C.S.L, Bengal; Andrew Robert Clephane, Madras ; Charles Henry Hall, Bengal; Edward Owen Leggatt, Madras; Richard Alexander Moore, Madras; Charles Edward Bates, Madras; John Miles, Bombay; William Charles Robert Mylne, Bengal; Charles Ned ham. Bengal; John Wood Rideout, Madras ; Walter Theodore Cliitty, Bombay ; Thomas Mowbray Baumgartner, Bombay; James Kempt Couper, Bengal; William James Pratt Barlow, Bengal. Col. George Cleland Rowcroft, Bengal, to be Major-General on the Unemployed Supernumerary List. Indian Local Service. Major-General William Henry Apostoly Buttler, Madras Infantry, has been transferred to the Unemployed Supernumerary List. The undermentioned Colonels, Bengal Infantry, to be Major- Generals:—Patrick Wheeler, Henry Hamer Stansfield, Malcolm George Clerk. Major-General Patrick Wheeler. BeDgal Infantry, has been transferred to the Unemployed Supernumerary List. -The undermentioned Lieutenant-Generals to be Generals on the Unemployed Supernumerary List:—Thomas Rochfort Snow, Bengal Cavalry; Charles Dumbleton, Bengal Cavalry; George Gibson Anderson, Bengal Infantry; George Reynolds Scott Burrows, Bombay Infantry; William Charles Gott, Bengal Infantry. Colonel Thomas Martin Shelley, Bengal Infantry, to be Major- General on the Unemployed Supernumerary List. COLONIAL APPOINTMENTS AND MOVEMENTS. (SPECIALLY COMPILED.) AUSTRALASIA. JVew South Wales. Mr. C. Arnold Wood has been appointed to the Challis Chair of History in the University of Sydney. Mr. Wood is a graduate of the Victoiia University, Manchester, also of the University of Oxford. At the latter University he took first-class honours in his school for history graduation. He was also a Brackenbury scholar in Balliol College, Oxford University, and was also Stanhope essayist.