Freeborn County Standard from Albert Lea, Minnesota · Page 7Click to view larger version
June 19, 1895

Freeborn County Standard from Albert Lea, Minnesota · Page 7

Freeborn County Standard i
Albert Lea, Minnesota
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 19, 1895
Page 7
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CMl. U well known that Innumerable !*»ot coal hare been brought V* .tb daring the past,v«.ar fur- »a- » and to b* u«etl to interest capital errlopiog the find*. Not many le ant awart) of tb« location from ace the Munplrm came and -HLoujrh jc»iders.ble »m».cnt uf ^deJjretir* t a"-' spying h*fc t*xa Iucr by «rx- -r» and other* in the vicinity "of rr and all tb* north part of the :. no one- ba» been able to detect tourre of tin? packaaek U»ad» of Uxx-ns which kar«- ai'peared. tattle Forkkeuuotry. ly lay about -4l!r» wr»t of Tower and north of M»-iaba range, ha* t*en tb«s keene ideraLIv coal ex^oratory nor*. spring, and with totce very kitiv- ·ry mult*. t!an!uer. of Superior, other* have iuve»t«~l r-un»i.irnill«- cy in r jpluratl'jus in to«rn»hi{«» W 23--toe exact location harm? i*crcr i divulged either b\ Mr. ;»rdn*T or of hi» crew. Tfc-*. Kurke. for»~ of the- work. U t!w lo»t tu an. from the Little I*ork rouutry,w:tl» t 4J |iounuh of eoal takeu frum :» jit in whlchaswllileaiml vein wa«. .timered. Mr. IterLv laake* tbea- jott that within a year a c«u»ii-r- amouul ot fual »i!l bar.- U-«-n dia- red and haws hU ktatrmrt* on recvat dUcorerics, tnadt- by hUiiself crew. He also »ays the grral«-st i» ex.-reixd iu keeping tLe loca- of the finds a srcfrt. jrther Dortli also drift coal »pecl- vs Uate frequently been displayed ra[ij«rr* utul Indians. ai*l although as cevrr doubted that bed»of o»al ted there. DO one has brca wise ·jgh to locate them. Opinj.n gen- ly put them sooii-nrb«Tf on tte :h«rr»t khorr of the !^tle of thr M!», a* It*" ^n-ati*»t xharr of tl.«* leroui »^-ciiurtj» obtaiueil came a that Uircctiou. THE LARGEST DERRICK. A plrcc of rarchanlca like which Uxrr»5 Is coo« otocr ta the worM. U th« Cs»atlc Bteel Ierrick »t the C 11 TBJ-D- nlte qttirry at liarr*. Yt. Tbe . which, is ninety-nine f«-t hj^h. ttaixis hi^ncr than aajr kliallar one yet erected. Itoth the mast and the boura arvtmllt of he»T7»tc«l platr» Hretol with h' of !**£« bolt* Rapids man natufi II-.rtoot tu tu St. Clond and iuforT-d uter- nt» there that his wif« had fctolen % front them ank asked them to go ·auk Raoulsand i!entifj the guoI». umber went over, and their vikit -acted roach attention and !nlign~- \Sf tin.- people. They threw trgs at the it, Clood policemen jiers. They also threat- ·J to lynch Hartoon and a hundred i started to find him. but he made escape. Sank Rapids people say ·rl.r unreliable, and they wosld not ere hire nnder oath. U' r Tltf i:. of 31. ullr ^.OOO ji^ople gathered in tl»- ex- itioa auditorium at Minneapolis to ce»* tl«» cooimet)eetn*nt rxenrl»cs he UZii p^ailuating ciavt of the state rcrsitr. The candMhitt-t far the iou-. ilr^rers confero-d by thf M;ren gt-s which constitute the uniTer»:tr ubtrred "··T. and a% they marchetl to M-it% reMjrred for them, they pre- ted a ileciilrdly imposing appear- «r. orcr 30O being mbed in the Ox- 1 cap and gown. Clarence II. Miller « salutatortan and Julics iloraas ral- :torian. _______ Tttf liHlXoWO. Nash and Ryb^rg; ·r«3 Holmbergof Mioneapol» went r U tit. 1'anl to get tha promise at St- Paul callows for UMI at Harry ftrard'a olraeqniev They looked at ^t. 1'aul gallon-s. and were 'dumb- ndett to fliscorer that 'it 'wa» the trap as that used to hang the Tctt boys. It \ra% s«nt to Alexan- i from the Karreti hanging, and 3i there was loaded to the ^t.:Iaul borities.. It will be brought back i few days. · - * »*· la Hrtrt. "ho Pine Tree Lumber Company, at tie Fall* employs COO taen sod the nncpin paper mills. 60. About 500. feet of lumber are pawn daily and annual paper output is 2.UCO tons. ae Polk and Norman county fair I be held on Sept. If. 19 and ro. "liilc playing ball at Uood Thunder rard Reich became overcome by it and death was a quick result, .aura Kanght. 23 years old. died at akato from an orerdose of arsenic. en rrith snlciJal intent. lartin. the 12-year-old son of Charles tc. was drotrncd In I^lke IVpia ile bathing near a lumber raft in the nity of the gorernment breakwater, lionias Saubey. a lumlx-rman. said ire at Cro.jk-.too, attempted to make ioring train at Md.regor station, t mUsing his hold. wa» '.brown un- the wheels and killed, "he tioard of prison managers grant- oarolcs as follows: Robert Klanz. T. ionMn and Annie Iktoiittle, btearnt ntr; W. $. Not ton. ??t. I-otiit county; P. Miller aad John Miller. Henae- -coanty; John JlcUcrmott act! _\)r, ^. Pcarce. Ramsey county; Frank tdgren. Nohles. county, inding twine prices' for the Mason ·e lixcd by the Iwird of prison man- rs at quite a reduction fmm last r. Prices arc: American heap, i t» per pouni); tanl;inl. r, cents; il. 4, 1 ; centi; Manilla. Sisal, mixed cents; pure Manilla. CJ/ oents. ulini Adams, president of the Min)ta !;tatc Federation of I^ihor. has ed the offleial call for the i-jmi-an- I meeting of the federation, to be 1 in Iluluth June in. The call ex- ts all labor organizations to bs rented by delegate* and- points out *]£nportanee of such representation, .ttornry (General Childs alleges that Tontine tarings association of Min- poli* is a swindling concern and a ibling scheme and has applied to court to hare ;ts business wound for the appointment of a receirer for an order restraining the oJScem he association from performicg any heir functions. he elerator of I'arsons ISrov. at Ige Center, hurst and about l.SOO or 0 boshel* of wheat ran out upon the und. be bira of TV. J. Horcr. a mail car- r of St. dead, tras burned, together h two horxri, carriages and taail U Loss about STCu. ightning istrnck the hocso of R J. Uley. Crooktoa. knocking Mr. itley Mjnseless. laude Williamv. of, Rochester, was idcntally »hot ia the groin'while .-Ing toe role of a captured horse ·f at the annual meeting of the la AntMIonc Thief i-bcicty. His iry is serious. rs. Carnegie, wife of Darid Carnc- of Arjjylc, was struck by lightning instantly killed. hieres entered the TVcst side bake- at Aook'a, taking some Sio. Arl's harness shop was also entered SIO stolen. i A FAMOUS LIBRARIAN. Great Life "Wor^ of worth B. SpofTord. Othrr 3l»m tb» LU- by tb« J.O- Clbrariaa Spoffcrd. writ«7» the WaAhi£:rt«)3 ojrnrsjioodrnt of thV? JC«-w York Tribasr. i» bu»y with plan* for the arraa^viuent of tl»e nmrliorary. into which Iw Jn^;ie« Itt taor* befor* two year* ar» \n*i. Th^ ezterijr «f the buU'ila? i* quite e^joinl^rd. and work on tin.- intnior is jroin^ oa rajiid- ly. which i mtttrr of trrvst jfratilica- tiou in Mr. S|»»JTorJ. who has labored fory«^ir» with oae «-od i»» riew-- that tb» natk»ca! library khoald bo tzorthy uf th" cation. Mr. SpotTdrd catno to V*a.vhUiztoa In tir»t a- aot librarian by tncourr iicniucr ix TUE and utiJT-ned with a number of trusses. The mast Is sustained by guys running from the top to points arera^ia;; about two hundrtd feet distant and anchored to trees or riar^ »=t Into the pranito leojrc. The wiru rcpa In the jpjys and other rlcsinjj trocld make a continuous line almost a mile. In length. and the weight of tha derrick, exclusive of rope. U about Ufty thousand pounds. The boom Is wrreaty feet losy and commands a l;r^e actoaat of \r«irkin? surface. Xonn of the Itirr* granite |uarrien Is deep: the tendency has al- trays Urtn to extend operations laterally Instead of coin? down Into the earth, to that the nulTaata^s derired from thu ffreat length of boom Is apparent. - · - - - , The machine Is operate! by means of a povrirrfal hoK:in~t-n^i-c. and all the workings are controlled tv a single engineer. There are steam derricks at all the lar^e quarries and pranite manufacturing plants la llarrr. fcst tha power applies only to tbelifticf: the booms with their loadsof stoae. laercry instance, are Btrcns' . aroand byhacd r»3rrer. " At the foot of the Tayntor derrick. b^arily pianl:ed over to protect it from Srln? stone when' blaktiag 1 out refuse craait-. U the taminj sear connected by a wiru rope with the csjrine- bousr. where, by means of a lerer similar In its workln:r« "to the .rcrershss 1 lercr on a locoiriotire. the engineer alone is able to lift from the bottom of the rjcarry, string: around to the side track and place upon a' Cat 'car a block of Rraaite we!~hin;r forty tons. The largest single piece of stone erer lifted from a. quarry In America by means of a derrick was takua from this quarry and wci-hed flf ty-sercn and one-half tons. ........ The derrick has always been foand equal to any strain put upon it. and has scTcral times broken chain links nearly two inches in diameter. The company has an order for a frracite shaft fifty- fire feet in length which! In the rough. trill trei~h nearly one hcndred tons.. It Is already partly quarried. ASA S. EUSHNELU. for llntn r»nr *T Ohio. Asa S. liushnell. nominated' for ernor by Uie Ohio republicans. Is the- eldest eon of Daniel and Harriet Bosh- ncll, lie was born in Oneida county, New York. September 10. XKM. morlng from .there to Cincinnati with his parents when a child. In ISSl he came to Springfield, in which place he con- tinned to reside. The first three years ,,« -^p^-j r no?. ASA s. ntrscxcu. In the city of Springfield, then bnt a \'ef jr small town, was spent a* a clerk in a dry poods store, after which he became a bookkeeper. In 1S57 he formed a partnership with Dr. John Lcdlotr in the drug business, which be continued until l:rCo. who he became interested ia the concern of which ha is uovr the head, under the name of Warder, Dushncll.!: Glcssner company. During the war he was captain of company E. One Hundred and Fifty-second regiment O. V. L. which company he re- ernited. and served ts its captain In the Shcaandoah valley, under the command of Gca. Hcnter. in ISt- Ia 1SSO he was appointed quartermaster gca- cral by GOT. Forakcr. ia which position he served four years. He was one of the dclegatcs-at-largc to the national conrention in IS3Z. all of which positions were given him without solicitation upon his part. I! is generosity Is provcrbiaL At one time he presented the city of Springfield with a patrol wagon and team of horses, and at another time a bronze drinking fountain, and aga:n donated S10.OOO to srcure the location near Springfield of the OhSo Uaontc hoavs. AMERICAN WOMEN. PAJTIKI. Wrnsrrri-s sister-in-law, Mrs. Eiekicl Webster, is living in Concord, X. IL, She Is ninety-four years ol«L Tnr Misses Rricc. daughters of Senator llriee, will make a bicycle and kodak tour of the rural districtn oi France during the coming summer. Tnn last revolutionary pensioner, Mary Itrown. of Knoxville. Tcna., died recently at the age of ninety-one. Her husband was a revolutionary soldier whom she married In 1S2I, v.hcn he xva? an old .con and she a young woman of twcntr.. . Iociit Liiuutu. re%!^i^itijn of Mr. Ste*h-.-nvj:i. hr-.T:. .made librarian. which oi'lcs; It" l^i- 1."! 1 c-.athiuoaly Ill* rr=:ark3l'c metuory i» a t for wi^iiler and c-«iiic«-at. He fcttrtas to Larv tlit- TCW.Oua b'ji.l:* rv!jich cuajj***? the library vatav".;ufd ta lii» tnlnd. an-l r»-n,.-mbV-r» fjt-:-. iJmut the cunt UisI;jT2:!.ri.nt rolu^i»-, rrhca they were wriit«'-i, ty wlwjjrj. and when they came iatc. tlie library. A quotation ho will pla~.- al oner, asd ean trirt the rcforcsri-i to erery sub;ret nith- oat liaria? rtrujrt to any eatalK^ut; tare that in hX «tvn tnin-JL Hi* kn»-f 1- t-d^e is 15mit!rr :-. and «i:l» It b" i ffvu- rroes an-1 hi-lpful. fcetrmia^iy Larinff an interest in t'^; rx-a.-archc» of i-ach iu«li- ridual. Mr. SpUord it a man of jrrrat n«-rt«-4s for«-j and energy, of Indefatigable la«lc»try and jo,Mr»i^l of imm«-ne porrer of eoacertratloa. The force within him. ialeM. w*-ms to too ereat for hU slender frome. XVben Mr. Spo-orJ t«xk charge of the library it had cot yet reeorrrvd from th« d^cstructire Uru of !·£. and containe-1 only TJ.C-TO roluajes. In the thirty years he l.=s eea in char^r the library lia» IaL-rcii*.d tenfold, and lon^ ai.i outgrtra- tho npace. allotted to it la the capitoj. The alcorev and I'.o-iri are piled with books and docum'jat*, while the immense number of pamphltt* and other copyrighted matter ha-» found an on asylaai In the crypt. 5Ir. Spofron dek crcn I* surrot:ndc»l br great piles. and just at prvxent the library, with its loads' of riitter for which there is so nxra." resembles chaos. The rcmoral TO THE UNKNOWN DEAD. f " : mtkM ! "^ f srorrona. of this crcat library will be a colossal task.' hut already Mr. Spofford L* arranging for it," and acatly tied bundles of Tlooks labeled ~for the new library** are placed in heaps awaiting the auspicious day -.rhca th'.'y shall tinil a final resting place In the great bnildiig. with its spac-oui rooms aad galleries and accommodations for over 2,020,000 volumes. In the new library. 21r. Spojord says, students vrill have adequate space and · seclusion. J»o one who has sot tried to work at the nr»»eat library can understand the inconveniences and drawbacks to the Jiesornpli-shm-nt of work. There is not ·nfiicjcnt room, the tables arc crowded, and quiet is impossible where a visiting public Is permitted to rnske audible comments and where the prof eis*ioaal gui'li has entry. Jint to no one vrill the notr building be so great a satisfaction as to Mr. Spofford. who lias worked and waited for it these many years. Small wonder that now he is completely engrossed ia evolving plans for the administration of its atTairs- t If lay Smfer* oT the A " Th- race of flying dragons -which tpn-ail dismay and terror in olden times is not yst chilrely extinct, if trc are to believe the utterances in a late Queensland (Australia) pap^r. The Qawnslaml Mcrcary. of 'MaraU IS. says: "Jamc-i Ikivt. of the sandy Cat, lying beyond the Uluc HUI. near the head rraters of Car2s* crrc!i. K^ brought another -specimen Hying serpent- to this oClcc. It i.s som«what smaller tlian th«r one exhibited by him at Gulicy hist year, ar.d larger than the one he prcMjnt»nl us on diri?v!:ria_« day. Like the. oth^r tTm it !^:s fonr thrv.?- jointi-d lr~4. cn-h 7 inehis. long. ll^~ twecn tli^s-jlc^s. w-hi A arpsitnatcd tvro on each side of the" Ixxly. i» a leathery membrane, much resembling a lot'.-* tring. Mr. IJav^ declares that lie It=s often seen them fly across Cams* creek at places where it is W feel wide." i:i«tnrr or tbv \T*J.:ioc RlaS' A long time ago the mxlaing ring was worn en the forefinger, and na.* thickly staddol with precious stones. People who hare M-CIJ the old pictures of the Madonna in Rome will remember that in one or two- of them there is a glistening 1 ring on the for-ficger of her right hand, bat with Christianity came the wearing of the wedding ring on the third Cagcr rather than the Crst- The old story of there bring a rein Uiat runs from that finger to the heart is nonsense.. Its use originate! la this tray: The priest first pat il oa the thumb, saying: "In the n-imc of the Fathen" on the forvflager. adding, **In the came of the J(3:"* on the M, - C- orsd finger, repeating: "In the name of the Holy Glsost;- and ca the third Cn- gcr. c--iiiar irith **Amen,~ and there it liaid. t* tli* . Vlctte* *f t*-- . , . tMlA Ittmmtttr ml 1*7*. Th* aeeom ponying cot Is »lSteaeo» of abandsoeao mostimcnt to the memory of the narecognircd stead of th« disaster, which h»s 'Just been finished Us Chestnut Crore cemetery. Aslitabula. O. It marks th* spot where were buried the control portions of humanity which were, gathered from tho rtxias of thattorri- TRAMPS OF THE OCEAX. Qoaer Old Boats That EaU Aira- loealy About. Eft r ribla clliister of Decesiber t9. 1 ·!»·., tvh-ii the Lake Shum i: Michigan SoHtbvTB railroatl briJ^rr. just east of the station In AshUibokx. *naV beneath a hearnr-kulen. p=Avenjrr train end carried hundreds of persons If i death la the abyss. ST feet bcloir tha track lereL The Wea of erects a monument t/ the mesiorj- of thtwe IT ho died on tliat n'Jrful nichtori^in- 3t-«l in the ICci^htA of 1'ythia* lodgr. and a cosuniUite of the isenibert brought it out before the people. It too!; three yrars to reiv: the srausct of money needed. The Ia!»o Shore ruad pare f2Oj. The doaaracat U of ~err llarap^lurc granite and built in obelbk style. It is 53 fi-et in hriffht and occupies a eonspicsoas location hi the cctn- ttcry. trbvre it can be seen zules array. On one side of the baso appear tho sam'js of tvresty-S'ete person* v:ho -rcero knorm to Iiarc periihed in The trreck. and TrliCTC rcssins ·nrcre presc3ab!j picked -ap, bat 'eoul-J sot pcii!l«ly bo idcntiflc.1. They =re as folio-sri: 1*. T. A- asd -nrile. Mr*. Truworthy. Mrs. IV. f* Moore. CTara Thajer, Jlartlia Smith, Charlotte Smith. En:s» Coils. Mattic Branncr. Slary IJ=rc!^»rd, Lciuiws Crsissrd. Ixittlc Ilrunncr. Mary l"ack- ard. Jonathan Ilice. C. K. Stone, D. SI. HclbriJpc, Harry JL Uranncr. A. IL Stocktrcil. John Ti.' Caispbsll. Har V/a-ncr, J. H. Aldrieh. S. IL 3IerrUl. Charles'E. Branner, Phillip McXcsI and G. IT. ICcplcr. Tho last naraed tras a resident of Ashtabnhi. and all that was ever found of him was his ·nratch. His -n-idntr "still lire*" in that eity. ·· On- another sSde appear ths nacm of the oenibcrs of the committee. The front Inscription reails: "To the in.raory of the tznriHxignized dead of the Ash tabula bridge disaster, trhose rcaiains arc bnrij«l here.*"' On the fourth side are the dates of the disaster and thcnnreilin;?.' IMPROVED POKER DECK. 4n Slity CrtS In It. Ka 3tjt^ 1'tmj In Comfort. ' The crest American ^amo of poker has been ffiren a new impetus by those philanthropists of their kind, the men ·rs-ho enjoy the pame. The only fault that could be fucnd with thia senatorial pastime was that it did not admit of enough player* who could loss THK money. The rules of the game wero all right, because those trore vrorTcs of genius and are as clastic as the atmosphere, but the hitcli came riglil in tho pack, becacsc Pharaoh I-- of course, didn't know anything alo"t pckcr, and he i* believed to ha?c been tho first man who ever correctly called a turn. Some bracCccnt spirit *.;a.s improved the pack of fifty- two card*, rrh'ch made it rather di^Hcult sometimes for six men to play. 0o has dilated il into a pack of sixty canls. so that eight good poker players and true may indulge in their bent to the destr-zction of their fortunes or the repletion of their stock of good temper. . , The' cards that arc added are the eleven and twelve spots of each suit. The tea spot, in order to alter it into aa eleven, has an additional spot Ia tha center, and to become a twelve spot there is given the card three parallel rows of four spots. It is a novelty ot the newest kind, and now there will be no longer any nnsociablcness about the game. Just think that under this improved condition of things eight of yon may have your cards dcaltyou. and there are twenty still in the pack to choose from. t^pttnee I* » Cmnr»w rtani. It Is said that the wild lettuce Is "ono of tvro well-marked ccmpass plants." and that it lias the property of twisting its leaves until they point straight op- vrarcL with the edges directed north andsoTith. THE FAR EAST. J*r.s*T ha* a written history rxts Ing ovrr 2,*6a years. TIIK carrier pigron rras la nse by the state department of the Ottoman empire as rarly as the fourteenth century. Lit hgow says that a dispatch was carried from Tfiagdad to Aleppo, thirty days* journey on horsei^ in forty- eight honrs, ·, · - , Titn first woman totakc out.ontorali- zation papers in America was Mr*. Elizabeth Ilrycr. of Omaha, Jfeb. The iato was Fcbrnary II, IS57. MUU7UM IN PARVO. Tunv that govern rs.rt make tlie least noiMr.^-Sclden. l",ycr.irr\rxrr and expectation art- Joys .~.f life.--Congrcve. AH utojrr is ia the eye, so is the mind in the soul.--Sophocles. Turnn is none so homely h-it loves a look-glass.--Soutli. , Tnr.nn is a plca^nrc In pnetic pain-s which only poets knovr.--Covvper. · Covirrocfl men are mean Blares and drudges to their substance.--Iturton. Ir famcLstoeorne only after death, I am In no hurry for It.--Martial. The oeraa tai Its trasips as trrtl M tha land. The orraa trasp It. now* erer, of a Ttijr i!l*errat chirtctcr frooi the true:? with, whud «r« are faT^il'.ar. A'-tLoj-tu like Its cax-;ake of tho Is^'i. it hr.s no fixed place of abud^. but trarcl* k!iO3t anT-nrhcre. it depend* for Kreliho-jd opon it» owa work, instrail uf epin the coctribcUoos of others. T1:*? ocean tram? is a steamship. «ar» GoMen Uays. Th.-yare »o called froci their Yrilllnrne» tu git anywhere, and t=ke a hied In ny trad* that prucUe* them a profit. Scores of th«ta may be ««--j at any shipping port, such as Xew York. t*hUade!phia, Urrrpool. Loadoa or Uovton. SOCMI of theza are lajr^v. ·use ksull. fccrao clean, cosie dirty, %o£ie u;!y and MQCOO neat and trial. They rary greatly In appearance. As a role, howtrcr. thesa trataps of t!« ocean are iromoat hulks. dlkcarKnl by the eosapanJrs rrho otrn them. li«- -^ ta no t rjular line or any trade in psrticu^r. they are iw-nt uct to pick upacar^u trher^rcr theyaro able to =y of thesa are otterlr nas-a- ·trurthy. an-1 sometimes tha boilers are 03 thu point of expluuan. and the r=a- chisery in bad repair. Often tho power is inadequate to propel the ship against prrat ktrt-ns.of weather. : tha steering ^ear U apt to jaraat some critical moment, thrir hall in the last stages of deearand. In fact, nearly ererythla;j U th? matter with them that could be the matter with a fcMa. · : Yet. ia iplta of all these discomforts and u^c^ert. «o Ion; as the holds together and the craft safely trarrU Trora one port tt another. 1 Co OSQ complains except the cretr, whoso arrangements are often cnchT that they cannot learo the ship. To prerent desertion-care is taken to ·hip only married jren before the mast. and these men are siren half pay In ad- ranee for their families, en condition of ~irin~ bond against desertion. . A more uncomfortable and In every tray diiiyyecable life thnn that aboard an oosin tramp cannot well be Imagined. The cjetv» are made up of races, and their wages vary ac- cording to the ressel and the trade In ·which it is engaged. The arcrajre augea may be said to Toe as follows: 'Chief oScer, $^3,SO; second odecr. t23.20; chief engineer. (C3.12; second ' engineer," CO-C-j; · carpenter. C3O.73; stewardt r»-20; cooks. S2S.11; boatswain. C13.-M; able Beamec, $17. 03; ordinary seamen. 13.73; Sremen, $14.73. These wages are a little better than those which are. paid on other ships, on account of the extra hazardous risks taken by the men. The tramp ships make the most erratic journeys, wan- deriatj pretty ranch orcr tho whole world before returning to the same port. After carrying a cargo of coal from Cardiff to one of the West India Islands, it may go to Xew York, thence to Antwerp, and may then go to Cape Town, and from there to Shanghla, going to Saa Francisco before returning to the port from which she · originally came. · · · The operating- expenses of -the ocean tramps are rery small. The coal consumption is reduced aa much as possible aad the crew Is «-nnl1 1 while the other espeases arc kept at the lowest notch praeticablc- They are T-ery nnpopalar at sea, aad, like their namesakes on the shore, their hand is against erery one. They are the terrors of small craft, such as yachts and fishicg smacks, and many a boat tliat has been run down in a collision blames a tramp steamship for the accident, as the tramps keep a poor lookout, or cone at all. Anisu!* TFIthntit Stnmarh*. * Cats jjct along perfectly well with- ont stomachs, according to experiments recorded la the Archircs de Physiologic. In one cat, which lircd for forty- ci^ht hours after its stomach had been cat out, the oesophagus was found to hare been completely cnited with the Intestine. Another cat, which weighed four pouaus trhcn it lost its stomach. tras alive sad well and weighed four nocnds and a half three months and a half after the operation. It found difficulty in digesting pure milk, but pot along cicely when the milk was mixed with yoUc of egg and rice, and ate cooked rarat. cheese, and a puree of potatoes. This prorcs that all three classes of food, albuminoids, fats and farinaceous substances, arc digested by the agastric cat. AA it had been prc- TJocsly prored that dogs 'can "do .without stomachs, the nest step tronldseem to be the production ot agatric mn. - CJo-*tr*t for tix» n Uearly all th** croupiers employed at tho Monte Carlo public gambling establishment come from. Afeacc, and them is in the capital of the principality of Monaco a regular school, maintained by the rcignin-; prince "and" his partners ia the Casino company, where they arc tacght the his and outs of the games, the rartrua tricks of playing, as irell a.s the means of defeating themV tad manual dexterity, in clearing' the boards, paring the- Ktakcs, dealing aad shuffling the cards, eto. TO SE3vT£ FRUIT. at one fniit GZSAITJI arep,"*d on a. Is dish, with prrm lrar-s armrml Il.vx.xn.v* ars sightly ' otwr.o «-nd oml «-rrcl tn imlividu piaJcs. . . - · ' · , * OR.i\or« are cct Ift ^'a7f anil oatrn with an orange spoon. -Tiie perl serr«~* as a cap. , · . : I!rKt:ir« are rsnally rmt in a large berry l»tvl and scrreil In inilirldual dishes Kt table. . . . PinK.trn.Cs are peelnl, cnt in rtry thin slices, the core cut oat, and crred with sugar. POINTS FOR THE PEOPLE. --Tbe United States »upreoe. court say* money is simply a printed legal decree. 1* there intrinsic value ia a legal decree?--Sledgehammer. --"Sound Mosey" U bankrupting all the railroads in the country, and pretty nearly everybody and business but tha banks aaJ Interest drawers.--Midland Journal. --If It wa* simply a contest between gold and silver th* people would lose-, no matter which kid* might win. Fortunately, however, th« people"* party rest* oa a deeper »"*» broader basi_-- Maine Populist. --Suppose all gold should take wings and fly to other countries, does any thinker belim? any calamity could befall this nation on that account? What do we want th* ttuff for. any way?-Sledgehammer. --fariUle holding forth at Memphis on gold, within the building, aad Krran oa sliver, without, will furnish as a two-metal combination that can hardly bv called a bimetallic league.-People"* Record. --Many j-eople are saying that thU !« the "goMen opportunity*" for alt who hare the welfare of the masses at heart to get together. Might we »u--- girst that it U the silver opjiortusity?-- People's Record. --In l-'.r: Europe eolscd S J *i.O'l,«J »ilvcr. more than the country produced. Had the United States mints been open to free coinage Euron« would have been forced to pay oar mint value of silver in order to get a needed supply for money parpoxes.--Midland JournaL --Secretary Carlisle, In hi* speeches at Coriogton. Ky.. and Memphis. Tenn.. entirely ignored the main Lviue, in that be assumed that the free coinage of silver by the United State* would not increae the commercial price of silver bullion, at measured in gold. --The silrer organs all orer the country studiously avoid discussing the tank question. This »horr» Uiat the banks and the kilrer league politicians are back of the silver eru-sade to eorer up the bank octopus. Corernment banking is the demand of the hour.-Portland (Ore.) People'* l*arty Ptwt. --The cry that Uncle Sam's credit is Injured throughout the world by the free Mirer movement U senselew. The proof of the pudding i.t in the eating. When the new American l«onds are telling in London at lll.S'on the dollar it shoxvs that the credit of this country ts of the very highest in the esteem of foreigner*.--X. V. XVorld. --Let no one be fooled by the s^nse- les-s twaddle alxjut "international money** as a basis of argument for the gold standard. There is no such thing as international money. \Vhat we need is full legal tender, absolute paper money fur domestic use and our gold and Mirer bullion for export commodities. Let's cnt loose from a metallic basis. --The Omaha platform is large enough to accommodate the hundreds of thou t-and-s of new converts all over the United States, who are coming to us daily. The republican party is now as clamorous for the free coinage of silver as are · populists- Xext. let them study the transportation and land questions. Fill up oa the truth, gentlemen.--Minneapolis Index. --The old parties will declare for sll ver. say the politicians who' desire to check the spread of the'silver sentiment. They both 'declared for silrer in IsQZ, in just about as strong language as can be used In Is?-i I*oth did their utmost to destroy silrer and fasten upon the people the Itritish gold standard. Are intelligent freemen willing to try another experi- ment?--Progressire Farmer. --If the restoration of silver was the only ultimate outcome of currency agitation we might well be discouraged, bnt when the people get to read ing and thinking, the result need not be feared. The downfall of the banking oligarchy is sure to coine and a pnper moneyas a medium of exchange. L'sued by the government an J receivable for all debts and dues, will be the final result. --Chicago Express. --It is reported that very many of the mills in the state of Kansas must shut down for the lack of wheat, be cause the last crop .supply is exhausted by export and by being fed to stock during the winter. Several years ago I advanced the opinion that, under the f rrsent sy.stem. abundance was a curse ind that farmers had better ascert-«!n the amount of tho surplus triica*. and burn it, or feed it to stock.-- I. C W. --The income tax has leea decided Ty the -supreme court to be unconstitutional. That is not very surprising, however, as that law wuald make rich men pay tax. It :s not to be expected that it wonld l«e ailnwi-d to stand, as the passaire of that law tra-, alxn}?. the only good thin? that congress has uonc of late years, aod it i-. ninv killeiL Some people are mean cnongh to think that congress is a useless luxury.--Ottawa Journal. --The Cleveland Leader says the silver in onr dollar is worth no aore than that in a Mexican dollar, but that our government promises to redeem oor silver dollars in gold, and that makes them equal in value to gold. That Is a lie: jnsi a plain, ordinary, un varnishe.1. plutic lie. We defy tho Leader to point to a single law providing for the redemption of silrer in sold. It is not redeemable in gold: neither is gold redeemable in silrir. Yet the gold dollar is usually worth just as much as the silver dollar: no more.--Sledgehammer.* --Secretary Morton says the coming monetary campaign will be an intellectual contest. This is rery cheerful news." They hare commence.! the "intellectual contest** by calling the pop- ·nlists "thieves,** "anarchists," "social- | !«,** "lunatics," "thugs"an l"danger- otj«i characters.*" This is an an-picions l^rgianinj-. If we resiemlx-r c irrcctly thf s-aaie epithets tvere once apnlie.l to Abraham Lincoln. William l.'..\vd "tar- ri*on. Wenuall Phillips rin.l Charles of thf-' w'jo !id thit ttnr*..--· -laine THE BASIC DELUSION. t'atU It U UUp*lU« *· Kri*mt]A« KotvtUa f* In the Chicago Times-Herald of May SI. Prof. J. Laurence Lau-hlin again give* expression to the basic delusion, or primary fallacy, upon which the un- t-fientine and oppresfcire monetary systems of the clvllLted world are bated. SM.r* Mr. Laughlin: ' ·"The raise of any article Is what It will exchaa-e for ia other goods. The value of a ton of steel is not merely the amount of wheat it will exchange tar, but the oata. molawrs, eggs, cloth. beef cr any article ia existence. Value is the purchasing power over commodities in geoeraL Its value i* its purchasing jiotrer orer these various commodities. The ralue of one thing is always relative to something el»c.~ ·*Th* price of an article, however. U the value of it in relation to only oce other commodity, money: Its price I* the quantity of money for which it will exchange. Tbe difference between price and value is apparent at oace." So. also. Mr. Hugo Wlgram. of I-hil- adelphia. who enjox-s the reputation of being one of the foremost student* of political economy In the United States, and who is well known as a writer and author, takes exception to that portion of the new monetary creed which de- chirrs that the unit of ralue by means of which the exchangeable ralue of articles i* estimated U not. a» is generally » metallic coin, but an abstract unit of enumeration merely. Mr. Kilgram holds that it U Impossible to conceive of a unit of ralue which shall be "independent o! a specified amount of a given commodity, or list of commodities.** Many other enthnsastic. able and sincere adroeates of economic and financial reform are blinded and befuddled by the same unaccountable and ridiculous hallucination and persist in confounding the invariable and Immutable "unit of account" with the metallic representative of it. commonly known as the "standard of value** or "unit of value-** The distinctive dif- ferefice between these two schools of thought Is the vital essence of the "money question** and the point that must first be s-ettled before anything like true and scientific monetary reform can be accomplished. It Is the supreme issue of the entire monetary latlng notrs. These are facts which. hare, la whole or Ia part, been reew;- nlced by rarioas writers differing' In almost all other rr»peet» Ia rcgarJ to. money, and they Kive been contro- verted by that few. Uat being fact* close at band, ^-t'mr aad almost self eridently true, their full sl_nlacaaco and far-reaching importance bare been. overlooked and disregarded by alsio*t all economists. Count Gamier aad .-"..-il =^ita:;.a is jt'a'.nly ftnllng hi :!·.· right dln-ot'-m. wen !i«.u^a aca«unl clancr ;st tli.- situation nirlit learo tlir inference t!i^: n.rtaliiti money tras t h e all al^4r''in,- topic. Hn-ry'at of lir.anct- nnst finally o«ni« to' the one c-»ncl:i.i n. that 5n- A glance 'at the two paragraphs clipped from Prof. Laughlin"** article will sufiice to show that he lias flatly contradicted himself therein. If "value** of a commodity is arrived at by ascertaining the quantity of other coranudities it will exchange for. then the otlicc and function of money is a purely numerical and arithmetical one. being that of expressing in characters or signs (figures) the relative valnes of the several goods and commodities. Thus the "price** of an article U not "the value of it in relation to only one other comrnoJity-- money;** but "price." on the contrary, is the relative value of an article as compared with all other articles. expressed in numerical terms or monetary denominations. In Knox vs. Lee and'Rarkervs. Davi*. 12 Wallace, page 4". in what are commonly known as the legal tender cases, the supreme court says: . · . "It is hardly correct to speak of a standard of value. The constitution does not ppeak of it. It contemplates a standard for that which has gravity or extension. - . "Hut value is an Ideal thing. The coinage acts fix Its unit as a dollar; but the gold or silrcr thing we call a dollar is in no sense a standard of a dollar. It is a representative of it- There might ncrcr hare been a piece of money of the' denomination of a dollar. There -never was a pound sterling coined until I51*, If we except a few coins struck in the reign of Henry VIIL. almost immediately debased, yet it has been the unit of llrituh currency for many generations." Fnllerton (Regulation of Currencies) says: "That, ^s far as concerns our domestic exchange, all the monetary functions which are usually performed by gold and silver coins, may be performed as effectively by a circulation of inconvertible notes having no value but that factitious and conventional value they derive from law. is a fact vrhich admits. I conceive, of no doubt- Value of this description may be made to answer all the purposes of intrinsic value, and supersede even the necessity of a standard, provided only the quantity of issues be kept under due limitation." The overwhelming preponderance of the dictum of political economists sustains the contention that there is no such thin^ as aa universal "measure of value*" and that money is merely a register, or recorder, of values already measured by comparison of one commodity vcithall other commodities, governed by the laws of supply and demand and cost of production, and expressed in the language of the universal "money of account.** Kven if it be clai.-Tiei! and conceded that some certain quantity of a metal, in a coin representative of the unit of account, constitute-, a "measure of value.*" then such measure remains stable and invariable only »o long as the volume of !nch coins remains in the same proportionate ratio to the mass of commodities tolte exchanged, and. also, so long as the valne of each of such metallic coins Is not decreased by the i.s- suc of a supplemental volume of full legal tender bill* representing the national money of account. The American Cyclopedia, under the bead of "Money of Account,** says: "The use of a mttney of account is in no respect a mechanical process by which other articles arc compared by weight or bulk with gold, or silver: hill it is an arithmetical one. by which they are compared with a unit of valne. which has had its origin in some coin or other commodity which p«w- M»*sesthi» quality »f acceptability for the payment "f debt* and the purchase of co:nmi»Ti*.i(-N. Hence it is that 3 money tf accoant. having berrn long in use. an I Ivcoaio a part of the raoles «if t:i-;i^:» f a people, often long th* latter it is the central point from which the whole rmbjeet of monetr- ma it be studied, and without which mode of procedure no tree conception of it can be had. The money of aeeotmt in t2*e by a people is no*, only the standard by the aid of which the vala« of commodities mar be stated, bat it ts used to expre** the rain* of coins, or circulating notes, and. if these colnm or note* be of the same denomination at the money of account, unerringly indicates tahetuer »uch coins or notes are at par. at 3 disconat. or at * premium- !!*·» JMU better understood this subject in I'reat liritaia during the suspension of the lUnkof England. irj7-l-rJ. there wo'old have been far lev* divcussioa tlisu there tras »s to whether !*_ak of Kaglaad notes were, then at a discount, or gold was at a premium. The bullion committee bad a glimmering of the truth when they ·doubted whether, since the new »y»- tect of llank of England payments has,' U-rn fully established, gold ha* in truth continued to be our measure of ralue.* The money of account had in fact adjusted itself to the standard ot payment, furnished by the bank, and the committee half suspected that such, wa* tlie case." Section T of the coinage act of 17M, Is as follows: re.=)L ABJ belt MrUwrr f=*ete. TSiat t*»-» BOB~r*»«w»t of toe Ua!t--J. St»u» »aall t* «x*nr%»ni la ilollar* or cait».*lune* or testat. cm. or haalre*.t!it »aJ tnllU or Uxo«tnilt?n. a !U SM* twlaf tae tecta pirt of a dollar. » rent ihf VJsJrrOth put ·· a !oUar. » dill the taoo- tan^iajran uf a !ulUr. aad that all account* la ia« pabUe oSm aa4 all proe*e«llar» In tae rtraru of th- Called utet »!uU tx kept U4 had ta conform: tr la taU trftZa,lloa. Tbe statute laws of the United States might Just as well hare provided that this "inoaey of account** should be represented by paper bills with appropriate inscriptions and devices as to hare prorided that it should be represented by certain metallic coins of various weight* and fineness. The supreme court of the United States understood * this to be the truth. During the period from 15C5 to 1ST9, because of conditions created by'legis- lai-nn. gold became a commodity and ceased to be the so-called "measure ol ralne*.** The "money of account** of · the United States is an ideal, abstract' unit, called a dollar, with its multiplex and fractions. The greenback .notes and fractional currency exactly coincided. in their numeral denominations. with sach money of account. During; the suspension of specie payments the money of account did. in fact, "adjust itself to the standard of payment furnished by the" -- government, and gold ceased to remain "our measure of value." the greenback becoming and- remalng par money of account-" Met- allism is a fraud and a delusion, and must go. If gold, perse, asa commodity, is tha natural and universal measure of values, irrespective of monetary laws, then the unrestricted coinage of silver. or a generous issue of legal -tender paper money, can in no wise affect the. rights of creditors, because values trill refuse to be measured and expressed in any other terms than that of gold money. Hut the money mongers know- full well that while the relative commercial values of commodities, as compared with each other, may remain unchanged, their debt-paying values may be enhanced or decreased -by inflating or contracting the volnme of money in circulation, which "-proves that gold is bolstered up with the fiat of law and ia not a naturaL' bnt a legal "unit of ralne." GEOCOE C. .Wjuux YOU BET THEY'LL. STAND. ^ Nat la C«orcl» Alone. Hat la Erery 8tat« In th» t'nloa ·· VTelL. . If the populists stand their ground in C*«orgia they will gain enough dem- cratic rotes to carry the state; but if they begin to warer. they will be beaten out of sight.-- Clobe-Democrat. Never fear; the pops will not only "stand their ground." but they will meet the enemy mure than half way; not in Georgia alone, bnt in every state in the union as welL Oh. the pops have their fighting clothe^oa, and they will keep their fighting clothes on too. till monopoly is downed, and the money kings shorn of the power to rob tbo American farmer and lalorer, as they are doing at prtrscnt- Yes, don't fret, they will "stand their ground*" all ri^ht enough. -- Hale Mo.) Hustler. senator IVRVr- Wc are not on j who thinks that all republicans at Washington spend their entire time heckling dotrn to hard labor and burning the midnight oil. wh'Ic democrat-sand populists do nothing but loaf. Senator PctTcr 1% industrious by habit. Hi-* industry at Washington may be productive of nothing valuable, and yet it has several times resulted in stirring Tap the senate very beneficially. Peffer has not discraced Kansas by any act of immorality or intemperance. He Is a quirt, clean, respectable Christian gen--' tlcman and. populist though he is, Topeka is not ashamed of him, \\*e arts not afraid he will steal something.-- . Topeka Journal (Rep.) trin».ic valu- is not a requisite f«»r a roc.Iium of exchange. The M!V»T q-cc-s- lion 5s loading *· llsctisslon, nnd n full umlep«tanlin_* of the function of money nerer fails to result in the one con- siun. that the law maUt-s raoney, whether it be of gold, silrer or paper. --Chicago Express. otlu-r o!.iniT!.ty \:;»n ttnu-h it was based. TUe m»n-y of account of the UanU of Venice, uniii»tnrl-;.l fur titty years ha.l nn coins t.» cur- r.-Htximl ttitli it. ani thr value of all c»ins was expn'sscil in it- A money of aceonnt is a language in which all values or prices may be expressed, and !\v means of irhich tlic relative nine of commo.litics may )K AtatetL it is somrtliin? tvliich each and ercry one carries in his mind, as he does his knowledge of words, or of arithmetic, and in * doing he ts quite independent uf acr thought of coinage, or of circi- The statement so persistently circa* lated by Carlisle. Eckles. Morton t Co. that there arc ;70.(XM.t»0 silrer dollars in tlie United States treasury that cannot be gotten out into circulation, is nothing but a flimsy subterfuge. Kvery silvrr dsilar thus in the treasury is in active circulation in the form of le^al tender silver certificates, just as fifty million dollars ia gold are ia .-'rc.ilr.lion in gold certificates. Even the silver hnllion Itought under the operation of the !iermaa act, is every dollar of it in circulation in the form, of legal tender trv3«arv coin soles. V,V"',. CI !! n .,.r ! ToU lhc tr " Jth - ''T-onr.!: c. W.VRTX iiig- r? E. 3J-t»-.lir I-nvl la a free coina-^ letter la the onrncy (Ia.) Review, which fr.fc- coinage, t-x-C.infrrevsiaan F. While among other things »ays:- ~ o.licial iicurcs I Khoxted that the aniount of gold available for coinage fell far short of providing for oar In- increasing population on tha basis of S.'"» per capita, I pointed that It would take thirty-two yeas* (coining all tha gold and silver wo could grit) to bring/ 1 our per capita circulation up to JWO, tile amount sanctioned by expcrUnce,**{